Bat'leth

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A collection of replica Bat'leths

The bat'leth (Klingon: betleH, pronunciation: [ˈbɛtʰlɛx]) is a curved longsword with four points and handholds on the back. It was designed and created by Star Trek: The Next Generation visual effects producer Dan Curry for the Star Trek franchise. It is mainly used within canon by the Klingons. Curry has called the bat'leth "one of the iconic images associated with the show".[1] Replicas of bat'leths are widely available as collectibles and are used in costuming. They have been used in crimes. Debates on the legality of the weapon differs between countries.

Bat'leths were designed as martial arts-style swords. They were created specifically for one character in Star Trek, but were used by other characters. It has spawned a smaller version, which became known as the "mek'leth" (Klingon: meqleH). Bat'leths are also considered part of popular culture, appearing in television programs outside of the Star Trek franchise. Martial arts teams used bat'leths in martial arts.

History[edit]

A bat'leth consists of a curved blade with spiked protrusions at both ends and with handholds along the center of the blade's back, and is approximately 5 feet (1.5 m) long.[2] The handholds are used to twist and spin the blade rapidly.[3]

Dan Curry created the bat'leth in 1990 for Worf, a character played by Michael Dorn in Star Trek: The Next Generation[4][5] after receiving approval from producer Rick Berman.[6] Curry based it on the "Chinese fighting crescent".[1] Curry—a martial artist—also developed a fighting style similar to t'ai chi for the use of the weapon.[7] Bat'leths are considered to be a martial arts sword.[2][1] In 1995, he developed a smaller version of the bat'leth, the "mek'leth"—which is based on a Northern Tibetan cavalry sword.[7] He designed the weapon for Dorn to use when Worf joined the crew of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Mek'leths are intended for one-handed use and shaped like a scimitar; it is about half the length of the full-size bat'leth.[3][8]

Canon[edit]

A regular bat'leth

According to Star Trek canon, the Klingon Kahless created the bat'leth around 625 A.D. According to Klingon mythology, he formed the blade by dropping a length of his hair into some lava from inside the Kri'stak Volcano, then cooling, shaping, and hardening it in the lake of Lursor.[4] He then united Qo'noS, the Klingon homeworld by killing a tyrant named Molor with the weapon, which became known as the "Sword of Kahless".[4] The sword was later stolen by a species called the Hur'q during their invasion of Qo'noS.[4] In the Deep Space Nine episode "The Sword of Kahless", Worf and another Klingon named Kor rediscover the artifact, but it is eventually transported into space to prevent them from using it to attack each other.[9] The Sword of Kahless differs from normal bat'leths as it has five points and one handhold compared to four points and three handholds.[9]

In the Klingon language, the bat'leth was originally referred to as batlh'etlh, then was shortened to betleH.[10] The word "bat'leth" means "Sword of Honor".[3] Bat'leths are made of a reinforced metal called baakonite[11][12] and are normally 116 centimetres (3.81 ft) long and weigh 5.3 kilograms (12 lb).[13]

The bat'leth appeared in 29 television episodes across the Star Trek franchise in Star Trek: The Next Generation, Star Trek: Voyager, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Star Trek: Enterprise.[14] The Bat'leth was also used in the 1994 film Star Trek Generations.[1] The mek'leth appeared in the television series Deep Space Nine and in the 1996 film Star Trek: First Contact.[8] The Sword of Kahless appeared in the 2000 video game Star Trek: Armada[15] and normal bat'leths appeared in the 1996 video game Star Trek: Klingon.[16] Some of the bat'leth's uses were in the debut episode "Reunion", where Worf teaches his son Alexander how to use one. Worf used a bat'leth to kill Duras—a Klingon who killed Worf's mate K'Ehleyr.[17] Notable uses of the weapon occurred in the Voyager episode "Barge of the Dead"—in which Tuvok uses a bat'leth to teach B'Elanna Torres about her Klingon heritage,[18] and in the Deep Space Nine episode "Tacking into the Wind"— in which Worf kills the leader of the Klingon High Council, Gowron in a bat'leth duel in order to give the Klingon Chancellorship to General Martok.[19]

In popular culture[edit]

A person in a Klingon costume with a bat'leth

The bat'leth is considered to be an iconic images of the Star Trek universe.[1] Replicas are widespread and are considered by some collectibles and a part of Klingon costume. A number of outlets, including replica merchants,[20] weapons dealers and pawn shops sell them.[1][21] Ronald D. Moore, who has worked on Star Trek and Battlestar Galactica displays one in his office.[22] However, due to the dangers of real bat'leths, no officially licensed replicas of the weapon are available from either Curry or Paramount Pictures.[23]

The rise in the popularity of the bat'leth has led to the formation martial arts teams aiming to develop a martial art distinct from the one Curry initially developed. Such teams have incorporated moves from ju-jitsu, kendo, kinjitsu and nunchaku.[24] Bat'leth competitions have been held at conventions such as MileHiCon and StarCon.[25]

The bat'leth has appeared in television programmes outside the Star Trek franchise. In 2002, it was seen in Stargate SG-1 episode "The Other Guys"'.[26] In 2005, a bat'leth was in the background of the US detective series, Monk episode "Mr. Monk vs. the Cobra".[27] In 2010, one was seen in the "Chuck Versus the Beard" episode of American comedy series Chuck.[1] In 2011, a bat'leth was used in American situation comedy The Big Bang Theory episode "The Zarnecki Incursion".[28]

Legality[edit]

Replicas of the bat'leth are often made of metal and can be dangerous. A British police spokesman said that stainless steel bat'leth could "literally, take someone's head off".[29] Media reports documenting instances of replica bat'leths being used in crimes have referred to the weapon as a "double-pointed Klingon crescent-shaped sword",[30] a "Klingon-type sword",[30] a "Star Trek Klingon-type sword"[31] or as a "double-pointed scimitar".[32]

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, it is legal to possess a bat'leth on private property; however, they may be seized if they are considered to be "potential evidence of a criminal lifestyle."[33] They are classed as weapons, which makes it illegal to carry one in a public place.[23] A replica bat'leth was surrendered to Gloucestershire Constabulary as part of the 2006 knife amnesty in the UK.[29] In 2008, a miniature bat'leth was seized in Oxford after a 17-year-old was caught trying to smuggle it into a College. Police described the weapon as "most horrendous". The person was arrested and sentenced to six months in a young offenders' institution.[34] In 2009, a man from Billingham, County Durham, was arrested for possession of a miniature bat'leth in a public street. In the court documents, it was referred to as a "multi-bladed sword", and the judge said "I've never seen anything like it in my life before."[23] The accused pleaded guilty at Teesside Crown Court,[23] and he was later sentenced to thirteen weeks in prison. The court ordered that the bat'leth was to be forfeited and destroyed.[35] A custom-made bat'leth was seized in 2009 in Accrington, Lancashire.[33]

United States[edit]

The legality of the bat'leth in the United States differs between states. In 2009, a replica bat'leth was used in Colorado Springs, Colorado, in two armed robberies.[30] The Colorado Springs Police Department said that it was a deadly weapon.[21][36] In New Jersey, bat'leths are considered weapons and are liable to be seized.[37] The Federal Bureau of Investigation discovered and seized a bat'leth as part of a cache of weapons in connection with a $4 million Medicare fraud investigation in 2010.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Visual Effects Artist Dan Curry Talks About Time With Star Trek & Designing The Bat'leth". TrekMovie.com. April 18, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  2. ^ a b Sullivan, Mike (2007-08-03). "Star Trek blade seized". The Sun (London). Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  3. ^ a b c "'Star Trek' - Klingon Weapons, Honour, Pain and Sex". BBC. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  4. ^ a b c d Okuda, Mike and Denise Okuda, with Debbie Mirek (1999). The Star Trek Encyclopedia. Pocket Books. ISBN 0-671-53609-5. 
  5. ^ Poe, Stephen Edward (1998). Star Trek Voyager: A Vision of the Future. New York: Pocket Books. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-671-53481-3. 
  6. ^ Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens (1997). Star Trek: The Next Generation, The Continuing Mission. Pocket Books. p. 184. ISBN 0-671-87429-2. 
  7. ^ a b Poe, p. 13.
  8. ^ a b "mekleth", Star Trek Encyclopedia.
  9. ^ a b Directed by LeVar Burton (20 November 1995). "The Sword of Kahless". Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Series 4. Episode 9.
  10. ^ "Klingon Weapons". Coldnorth.com. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  11. ^ "Baakonite", Star Trek Encyclopedia.
  12. ^ Anderson, Dayan (February 2010). "Mining and sustainable development in a 'Star Trek' universe". SME News: 54. 
  13. ^ "Bat'leth". Star Trek. Retrieved 2013-02-01. 
  14. ^ Directed by Mike Vejar (30 October 2002). "Marauders". Star Trek: Enterprise. Series 2. Episode 6.
  15. ^ Activision (2000-2-29). Star Trek: Armada (in English). PC (v1). Activision. Scene: Level complete cutscene. Level/area: Vendetta. "Worf: Excellent, beam The Sword of Kahless onboard and send a message to Chancellor Martok informing him that we are on our way." 
  16. ^ Simon and Schuster (1996). Star Trek: Klingon (in English). PC (v1). Simon and Schuster. Scene: Game complete cutscene. Level/area: 20. 
  17. ^ Directed by Jonathan Frakes (5 November 1990). "Reunion". Star Trek: The Next Generation. Series 4. Episode 7.
  18. ^ Directed by Mike Vejar (6 October 1999). "Barge of the Dead". Star Trek: Voyager. Series 6. Episode 3.
  19. ^ Directed by Mike Vejar (12 May 1999). "Tacking into the Wind". Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Series 7. Episode 22.
  20. ^ Bragg, Mary Rae (2009-05-31). "Surely, you joust". Telegraph-Herald (archived at Highbeam) (Dubuque, Iowa). Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  21. ^ a b Benzel, Lance (2009-02-04). "Where no Klingon has gone before". Colorado Springs Gazette. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  22. ^ Hodgman, John (2005-07-17). "Ron Moore's Deep Space Journey". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  23. ^ a b c d Lightfoot, Garth (2009-10-08). "Billingham man found with Star Trek Klingon sword". Gazette Live. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  24. ^ "WHAT IS the Vulcan Undiplomatic Corp?". Vulcan Undiplomatic Corp Bat'leth Martial Arts Team. 2002. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  25. ^ "Want to join the VUC?". Vulcan Undiplomatic Corp Bat'leth Martial Arts Team. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  26. ^ "The Other Guys (2002) - Trivia". IMDB. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  27. ^ "Mr. Monk vs. the Cobra (2005) - Trivia". IMDB. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  28. ^ "Memorable quotes for "The Big Bang Theory" The Zarnecki Incursion (2011)". IMDB. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  29. ^ a b "Lethal Star Trek blade seized in knives amnesty". Daily Mail (London). 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2008-07-31. 
  30. ^ a b c "Pic Shows Man Robbing Stores With Klingon Sword: Clerks Recognize Sword As 'Bat'leth'". ABC News, Denver. 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2012-05-08. 
  31. ^ Nicholson, Kieran (2010-09-14). ""Star Trek" sword boldly used in thefts". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  32. ^ "Man holds up store with Star Trek weapon". Metro. 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  33. ^ a b "Klingon sword seized in Accrington police raids". This Is Lancashire. 2009-07-30. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  34. ^ Levy, Andrew (2011-07-13). "Meat cleavers, bayonets and axes: The weapons seized from children as young as six at school". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 2012-05-04. 
  35. ^ "Knifeman jailed". Evening Gazette. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  36. ^ Pascale, Anthony (2009-02-04). "Man Wielding Bat'leth Robs 2 Colorado 7-11s UPDATE: Surveillance Cam Image". TrekMovie.com. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  37. ^ Suderman, Peter (2011-09-13). "Medicare Thieves". Reason.com. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  38. ^ Coughlin, Brett (January 25, 2011). "Medicare fraud-busters' Star Trek turn". Politico.Com. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 

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