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Component City
City of Batac
Ciudad ti Batac
Lungsod ng Batac
Batac Government Building South Wing
Batac Government Building South Wing
Official seal of Batac
Nickname(s): Home of Great Leaders; City of my Dreams
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of Batac
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of Batac
Batac is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°03′N 120°34′E / 18.050°N 120.567°E / 18.050; 120.567Coordinates: 18°03′N 120°34′E / 18.050°N 120.567°E / 18.050; 120.567
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Ilocos Norte
District 2nd District
Founded 1577
Barangays 43
 • Mayor Jeffrey Jubal C. Nalupta
 • Vice Mayor Ronald Allan M. Nalupta
 • Total 161.06 km2 (62.19 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 53,542
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2906
Dialing code 77

Batac is a city in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. It is located in the northwest corner of the island of Luzon, about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from the eastern shores of the South China Sea. The municipalities of Banna, Currimao, Paoay, Pinili, Sarrat, Marcos and San Nicolas form its boundaries. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 53,542.[3]

Batac is known as the "Home of Great Leaders", as it is the hometown of many significant figures in the history of the Philippines. Among them is the former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos. It is also the birthplace of Gregorio Aglipay, the founder of the Philippine Independent Church, better known as the Aglipayan Church, and Gen. Artemio Ricarte, the "Father of the Philippine Army". Batac is well known for being the home of the Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU), a high-degree granting university that has several branches throughout the province.


Batac was founded by the Augustinians in 1587 under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception. It is the second oldest town established by the Augustinians in the province of Ilocos Norte. Hence, in 1987, Batac reached its 4th centennial.

Batac was officially organized into a ministry on January 5, 1586. The first priest assigned to cathecize the natives of tile community was Fr. Esteban Marin, an Augustinian who probably arrived in Batac in 1585. Paoay and Dinglas (Dingras) were then the visitas of Batac.

Folk history states that there were two villages in Batac during the early part of tile foundation of the town, one was an Itneg community which occupied sitio Nangalisan and a Christian community occupying San Jose.

The first site of tile poblacion was in San Jose, which is now called Barangay Palpalicong. It is said that the ethnic minority groups of Bangui and Nueva Era are the pre-Spanish descendants of early inhabitants of Batac.

The Augustinians considered the people of Batac more civilized than tile other tribes, because they were better than the other "Indios" in personal cleanliness.

Origin of the City's Name[edit]

The word "Batac" in a local dialect translates as "pull". More loosely, it refers to "the people's pulling their efforts together."

Batac has an interesting colloquial origin of its name. According to a legend, set in pre-settlement Batac, a man fell into a deep hole while he was digging for the root crop "camangeg". He struggled to get out but could not despite his best efforts. He cried for help but nobody was around. He waited for hours and had given up hope of being saved. Fortunately, two men from the neighboring town of Paoay happened to pass by. They heard the man shouting and traced it to where he was trapped. Upon seeing him, they heared the man said "Bataquennac! Bataquennac!" The two men did not understand until the man explained that he was saying, "Pull me up! Pull me up!" They did just that. When the two men reached their hometown, they told their story to their friends. Since then, the town has been called "Batac," which is derived from the word "bataquennac."


In 1998, Municipality of Batac qualified to become a city. Nine years later, Republic Act 9407, the law that converted the Municipality of Batac into a component city in the Province of Ilocos Norte, to be known as Batac City, was overwhelmingly ratified by the people in a plebiscite conducted on June 23, 2007.

However, Batac lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared the cityhood law (RA 9389) which allowed the town to acquire its city status, unconstitutional. The said cities, the court ruled, did not meet the requirements for cityhood, as mandated by Republic Act 9009, which increased the income requirements for prospective cities.

More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on the appeal of the so-called "League of 16 Cities" (of which Batac is a part of), the Supreme Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[4] As such, the cityhood status of Batac is effectively restored.

August 27, 2010, Batac City in Ilocos Norte is now plain old Batac again. It shares the fate of 15 other cities, after the Supreme Court reinstated a 2008 decision declaring as “unconstitutional" the cityhood laws converting 16 municipalities into cities.[5]

A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least P100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.

Voting 7-6, with two justices not taking part, the SC reinstated its Nov. 18, 2008 decision declaring as unconstitutional the Republic Acts (RAs) converting 16 municipalities into cities.

On February 2011, the supreme court upheld the cityhood of Batac and 15 other cities.


Batac is politically subdivided into 43 barangays, 14 of which constitute the poblacion.[2]

  • Brgy.1-S Valdez (Caoayan) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.1-N Ricarte (Nalasin) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.2 Ablan (Labucao) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.3, Cangrunaan (Pob.)
  • Brgy.4, Nalupta (Suabit) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.5, Callaguip (Pob.)
  • Brgy.6, San Julian (Pob.)
  • Brgy.7, Caunayan (Pob.)
  • Brgy.8, Acosta (Iloilo) (Pob.)
  • Brgy.9, Aglipay (Pob.)
  • Brgy.10-S, Barani (Pob.)
  • Brgy.10-N, Lacub (Pob.)
  • Brgy.11 Ben-Agan (Pob.)
  • Brgy.12, Palpalicong (Pob.)
  • Brgy.13, Baay
  • Brgy.14, Bungon
  • Brgy.15, Baligat
  • Brgy.16-S, Quiling Sur
  • Brgy.16-N, Quiling Norte
  • Brgy.17, Tabug
  • Brgy.18, Magnuang
  • Brgy.19, Pimentel (Cubol)
  • Brgy.20-S, Mabaleng
  • Brgy.20-N, Colo
  • Brgy.21, Quiom
  • Brgy.22, Maipalig
  • Brgy.23, Bininggan
  • Brgy.24, Sumader
  • Brgy.25-N, Camguidan
  • Brgy.25-S, Payao
  • Brgy.26, Parangopong
  • Brgy.27-E, Capacuan
  • Brgy.27-W, Naguirangan
  • Brgy.28, San Mateo
  • Brgy.29, San Pedro
  • Brgy.30-E, Baoa East
  • Brgy.30-W, Baoa West
  • Brgy.31, Camandingan
  • Brgy.32, Palongpong
  • Brgy.33-S, Rayuray
  • Brgy.33-N, Nagbacalan
  • Brgy.34, Dariwdiw
  • Brgy.35, Bil-loca


Population census of Batac
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 43,092 —    
1995 45,534 +1.04%
2000 47,682 +0.99%
2007 50,675 +0.84%
2010 53,542 +2.02%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][6]


The Batac City Public Market touted as one of the biggest in the region offers a wide array of goods - freshly picked local vegetables and fruits, handicrafts, tincrafts, pottery, native delicacies, chicharon, longganisa, wet market treats and many others. The Delicia Center, located adjacent to the City Public Market, contains RTW shops, banks, appliance stores, farm supplies, pharmacies, groceries, a lottery outlet and many more. The Delicia Center and the City Public Market form part of the commercial district of Batac City.

With the presence of the Central Bank of the Philippines Cash Unit in the Batac City Government Center, financial institutions continue to spawn - Philippine National Bank, RCBC, Metrobank, Land Bank, BPI, Bank of Commerce, BDO and other local banks. Proof that Batac City is offering a good business climate to investors.

The Plaza Maestro Complex, one of the most modern shopping centers in the province caters to the needs of the new generation, offering two of the country's top fast food chains (Jollibee and Chowking), several boutique shops, a drugstore and a photo shop, among others. A stone's throw away from the commercial complex are bakeshops and a local pizza house.

There are two 7 - Eleven branches in Batac. One is located at the centro and the other is located at the Batac crossing.


Batac National High School (BNHS) is the most popular high school in the city. It has three campuses: Poblacion, Bungon and Payao.

The Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) is a comprehensive institution of higher learning in the Ilocos Region. MMSU's root anchored deep, its foundation is strong, and its beginnings all proven historical turning points as far back as the early 1900s.

The city has one Catholic School, The Immaculate Conception Academy. It was named after Immaculate Conception, the patron saint of the city. It is under the Missionary Sisters Servants of the Holy Spirit (SSpS). It was founded in 1963. It is located beside the Immaculate Conception Parish.


The President Ferdinand E. Marcos Monument at the Batac Mini Park
Marcos Museum and Mausoleum

The Marcos Museum and Mausoleum lies in the heart of the city. The Mausoleum is where the glass-entombed, preserved corpse of Former President Ferdinand E. Marcos is found. The Museum holds the memorabilia of the late President, from his stint in the Armed Forces down to his presidency. Other notable sons of Batac include Gen. Artemio Ricarte, the Father of the Philippine Army and Msgr. Gregorio Aglipay, the founder of the Philippine Independent Church. Monuments and shrines of these heroes had been erected and named after them.

The Batac Riverside Empanadaan is a showcase of the most famous product of Batac and a hallmark of tourism promotion. A home of Batac's array of products, gift shops, food stalls offering mouth watering treats like empanada, miki, longganisa, pusit, barbecue and others. Declared by a feng shui practitioner as a very good location to do business in the area, now serves as a "mini pueblo" or a mini-mall where people converge, eat, dine, shop and while the time away.

When it comes to Empanada, Batac offers the best. With a distinct taste truly its own, it is made of a savory filling of grated green papaya, mongo, chopped Ilocano Sausage (longganisa) and egg. The dough that serves as its thin and crisp wrapper is made of rice flour. Batac Empanada is deep-fried rather than baked.

The city has two festivals, The Farmers Festival and The Empanada Festival. The Farmers’ Festival, conducted in the first week of May each year is a celebration of bountiful harvest and a tribute to the farmers of the city. It is participated by the rural barangays of the city. The Empanada Festival is a festivity held on the 23rd of June in celebration of the City's Charter Day. The main feature of the festival is the street dancing which chronicles the process of preparing the delectable Batac Empanada.

The Batac City Fiesta, a month-long festivity commencing on the 8th of December, is the longest fiesta in the Province of Ilocos Norte. The fiesta is celebrated in honor of the city's patroness, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. The fabulous Electric and Lights Parade marks the beginning of the City Fiesta every December 8.

Local government[edit]

Term of Office: June 30, 2013 – June 30, 2016

Position Name of City Official
City Mayor Hon. Jeffrey Jubal C. Nalupta
City Vice - Mayor Hon. Ronald Allan M. Nalupta
City Councilor Hon. Gwyneth S. Quidang
City Councilor Hon. Eugenia Violeta D. Nalupta
City Councilor Hon. Medeldorf M. Gaoat
City Councilor Hon. MacArthur A. Aguinaldo
City Councilor Hon. Florencio P. Laud
City Councilor Hon. Avelard Ibarra F. Crisostomo
City Councilor Hon. Lucky Rene G. Bunye
City Councilor Hon. Elmer D. Pungtilan
City Councilor Hon. Orlando C. Mangapit
City Councilor Hon. Amable A. Abellon
ABC President Hon. Johann C. Nalupta

List of Mayors[edit]

  • 1900: Hon. Sereno Franco
  • 1904: Hon. Claudio Asuncion
  • 1906: Hon. Sereno Franco
  • 1910: Hon. Santiago Espiritu
  • 1912: Hon. Galo Luzod
  • 1916: Hon. Higidio Layaoen
  • 1917: Hon. Mauricio Sabas
  • 1919: Hon. Higidio Layaoen
  • 1922: Hon. Isidro Morales
  • 1925: Hon. Eugenio Mendoza
  • 1928: Hon. Urbano Arcangel
  • 1931: Hon. Eugenio Mendoza, Sr.
  • 1934: Hon. Leon Verano
  • 1941: Hon. Catalino Acosta
  • 1942: Hon. Sereno Franco (Japanese Occupation)
  • 1942: Hon. Catalino Acosta (Liberation)
  • 1945: Hon. Vicente Castro (Military Government)
  • 1946-1952: Hon. Mariano Nalupta, Sr.
  • 1956-1977: Hon. Feliciano Q. Asuncion
  • 1977-1987: Hon. Fe P. Acosta - Aguinaldo
  • 1986-1987: Hon. Bonifacio G. Agdigos (OIC)
  • 1987-1988: Hon. Pastor N. Nalupta
  • 1988–1998: Hon. Jesus R. Nalupta, Sr,
  • 1998-2001: Hon. Elena M. Nalupta
  • 2001-2007: Hon. Jesus R. Nalupta, Sr.
  • 2007-Present: Hon. Jeffrey Jubal C. Nalupta

Notable people from Batac City[edit]

Sister cities[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: ILOCOS NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  4. ^ SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 

External links[edit]