Batajnica

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The Orthodox church of Saint Archangel Gabriel in Batajnica

Batajnica (Cyrillic: Батајница, pronounced [bǎtaːjnitsa]) is an suburban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Zemun.

Name[edit]

Colloquially and jovially, it is nicknamed Bataja (Батаја) Bataja Siti (Батаја Сити, i.e. Bataya City or BT State) by locals, jokingly.

Location and geography[edit]

Batajnica is located in the Syrmia region, in the northern part of the municipality, close to the administrative border of the province of Vojvodina and it is both the northernmost and the westernmost part of the Belgrade's urban area. It is close to the Danube's right bank, but not on the river itself, due to the floodings. A small, 114 metre-high hillock separates the settlement from the river.

It is some 25 kilometres away from downtown Belgrade, but only 6 kilometres away from Nova Pazova and Novi Banovci, fast growing settlements in the Vojvodina's municipality of Stara Pazova, to which it almost makes a continuous built-up area. However, it also makes almost no urban connection to the rest of Belgrade: it extends to the southwest in the direction of Ugrinovci's neighborhood of Busije and southeast in the direction of other Zemun's neighborhoods: Zemun Polje, Galenika and Goveđi Brod.

History[edit]

Vučedol culture-graves from the Bronze Age were found in the fields of Batajnica. The modern settlement is first registered in 1708, of a school in the village and mentioning of the settlement in 1725 and 1753, when it was described as a small village with 90 wealthy households. The settlement in its modern shape originates from the period of the abolition of the Military Frontier in 1873 and the settlements of the former soldiers and their families in the village. This practice was continued further, so after World War I, war veterans were also settled in Batajnica.

Batajnica was a district (srez) seat between two World Wars. After the war it became part of the Zemun district, but still as a separate municipality, and together with it part of Belgrade district in 1955, when the municipality was abolished. A movement for re-creating the old Batajnica municipality was very active in 2002, when Surčin also (and successfully) campaigned, but wasn't that much in the public media. Proposed municipality of Batajnica would split from the municipality of Zemun and comprise Batajnica and Ugrinovci (with Busije and Grmovac), with a population of 37,371 in 2002.

Even though it made no urban connection to the rest of the city, Batajnica was declared a part of the Belgrade City proper (uža teritorija grada) in the early 1970s, losing the status of the separate settlement.

Batajnica is the site of the Batajnica mass graves.[1]

Population[edit]

Batajnica experienced a constant population growth in the 20th century. A special bust to the neighborhood's population was given in the mid-1990s with a large influx of refugees from the Yugoslav Wars, especially the Oluja military action which forced almost 250,000 Serbs from Croatia into Serbia, and many of them settled at the outskirts of Belgrade.

Population of Batajnica according to the official censuses of population (until 1971 as a separate settlement, since 1981 as a neighborhood of Belgrade):

  • 1921 - 2,486
  • 1953 - 5,291
  • 1971 - 14,567
  • 1981 - 18,599
  • 2002 - 30,172
  • 2012 - 37,856

Traffic[edit]

Batajnica is a major traffic crossroad.

Railway[edit]

Batajnica is located on the Belgrade-Novi Sad railway and a place where one line of the railway separates and through the Belgrade's part of the Syrmia crosses the Sava river at Ostružnica and continues through the southern outskirts of the Belgrade, forming an internal city's freight rail beltway.

Road[edit]

Batajnica is located on both Belgrade-Novi Sad roads: the old one (Stari Novosadski put) and the new one (Belgrade-Novi Sad highway). Two roads go parallel from Zemun (old one officially named Batajnica road or Batajnički drum) and at the very entrance into Batajnica they cross each other via an interchange. The Old Novi Sad road continues through the middle of the settlement (as the central street) and further into the Vojvodina, to Nova Pazova and Novi Sad. Two other important regional roads split from Batajnica: one to the south-west, to Ugrinovci and the other one to the north, to Novi Banovci. Batajnica is also the projected starting point of the future Belgrade beltway. Batajnica is connected to Belgrade by several bus lines of the city's public transportation: 73 (from Batajnica railway station to Blok 45), 705 (13. Maj), 706

Air transportation[edit]

A military airbase is located nearby. Batajnica Airbase, with a limited civil traffic, was heavily bombarded on a daily basis in 1999 during the NATO bombing of Serbia.

Economy and sport[edit]

Before accelerated urbanization in the second half of the 20th century, Batajnica was an agricultural village. As a result of this, the first industry was connected to this: food industry, mills, brickworks, roof tiles production, etc. Later, some heavy industry began to develop (bridge construction facilities) and today almost 400 privately owned small companies, repair shops, stores, etc. exist in the neighborhood.

BSK Batajnica is the town's local football club, who play in the fifth highest football league in Serbia (Prva Beogradska Liga). In Primary school OS Svetozar Golubovic Mitraljeta playing ki teams OK AS(Volleyball team AS)and KK Mondo Basket(Basketball clup Mondo Basket)

Neighborhoods[edit]

Map of Urban local communities in Zemun municipality

As a relatively large settlement, Batajnica developed several sub-neighborhoods of its own.

13. Maj[edit]

Local community next to Batajnica, with a population of 956 in 2010. It is the closest to the Batajnica Airbase. It is surrounded by farms and located near the river Danube. There is one soccer club with a regular sized field and a training ground where PKB plays. Most of the population lives in buildings although there are some houses in the area. It is located right next to a military training base which used to be open to public (Olympic sized pool, various sports fields and courts, playgrounds, etc.).

Naselje Ekonomije BR 1.[edit]

The oldest urban settlement in Batajnica, built by the Army FNRY, even in 1948. year. It is situated at the entrance to Batajnica from the direction of Zemun.

Šangaj[edit]

One of the fastest expanding parts of Batajnica, across the railway, concentrated along the Šangajska street (after the city of Shanghai in China) and some other adjoinging streets. It extends to the north east, toward the Busije and Ugrinovci (Šangajska itself extends into the road to Ugrinovci). Dozen of still nameless streets in the neighborhood were paved in 2006. It is purely residential area.

Crveni Barjak[edit]

The largest single local community within Batajnica (population of 11,129 in 2002), Crveni Barjak begins near the entrance into Batajnica, where the large interchange is located. It extends to the south, forming the future urban connection between Batajnica and Zemun Polje. Heating plant is also located in the neighborhood. Its name, crveni barjak, is Serbian for the "red banner".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kosovo Albanian mass grave found under car park in Serbia". The Guardian. 10 May 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  • Mala Enciklopedija Prosveta, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°54′N 20°17′E / 44.900°N 20.283°E / 44.900; 20.283