Batalha, Portugal

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Batalha
Municipality
Batalha Monastery
Batalha Monastery
Flag of Batalha
Flag
Coat of arms of Batalha
Coat of arms
LocalBatalha.svg
Coordinates: 39°39′N 8°48′W / 39.650°N 8.800°W / 39.650; -8.800Coordinates: 39°39′N 8°48′W / 39.650°N 8.800°W / 39.650; -8.800
Country  Portugal
Region Centro
Subregion Pinhal Litoral
Intermunic. comm. Região de Leiria
District Leiria
Parishes 4
Area
 • Total 103.42 km2 (39.93 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,805
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Website www.cm-batalha.pt
Details of Gothic architecture in the Monastery of Batalha

Batalha (Portuguese pronunciation: [bɐˈtaʎɐ]) is a town and a municipality in Leiria District, Pinhal Litoral Subregion, Centro Region, Portugal. The town's name means battle. The municipality population in 2011 was 15,805,[1] in an area of 103.42 km².[2] The town proper has about 7,500 inhabitants. The municipality is limited to the North and West by the municipality of Leiria, to the East by Ourém, to the Southeast by Alcanena and to the Southwest by Porto de Mós.

The town was founded by King D. João I of Portugal, jointly with the Monastery of Santa Maria da Vitória na Batalha, to pay homage to the Portuguese victory at the Battle of Aljubarrota (August 14, 1385) that put an end to the 1383-1385 crisis.

The Portuguese professor and sociologist Moisés Espírito Santo was born there.

Demography[edit]

Population of the municipality of Batalha (1801–2011)
1801 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2004 2011
2510 2445 7107 9634 13 811 12 588 13 329 15 002 15 542 15 805

Monuments[edit]

  • Batalha Monastery
  • Estátua Equestre de Sao Nuno de Santa Maria (1966 - 1968)
  • Igreja Matriz de Exaltaçao de Santa Cruz (1514 - 1532)
  • Capela da Santa Casa da Misericórdia (18th century)
  • Ponte da Boutaca (1862)
  • Pelourinho (2000 - reconstrucao do pelourinho original)
  • Edifício Mouzinho de Albuquerque - Galeria de Exposiçoes
  • Capela de Nossa Senhora do Caminho
  • Boca da Mina das Barrojeiras
  • Igreja Paroquial Nossa Senhora dos Remédios
  • Ermida de Nossa Senhora do Fetal
  • Moinhos de Vento
Frontside of Batalha Monastery

Natural heritage[edit]

  • Grutas da Moeda
  • Maciço Calcário Estremenho
  • Buraco Roto
  • Pia da Ovelha
  • Escarpa de falha do Reguengo do Fetal

Parishes[edit]

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes (freguesias):[3]

  • Batalha
  • Golpilheira
  • Reguengo do Fetal
  • São Mamede

References[edit]

External links[edit]