Batam

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Batam
Kota Batam
巴淡島
City
Batam Nagoya Hill.jpg
Official seal of Batam
Seal
Motto: " Batam, Menuju Bandar Dunia yang Modern dan Sebagai Pusat Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Nasional "
(Batam, towards a civil modern city and as the center of national economy development)
Batam.png
Batam is located in Indonesia
Batam
Batam
Location in Indonesia.
Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033
Country Indonesia
Province Riau Islands
Government
 • Mayor DR. H. Ahmad Dahlan, MH
Area
 • Total 715 km2 (276 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,238,532
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Postal code 29453
Area code(s) +62 778
Website http://batamkota.go.id/

Batam is an island, municipality (an Indonesian kotamadya), the largest city in the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia and the third largest city in Sumatra area. Batam is a free trade zone, part of the Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle, located 20 km (12 mi) off Singapore's south coast. The 715 km² (276 miles²) island, almost identical in size to Singapore, is the core part of the municipality. The municipality (1,700  km²) has a population of 1,238,532 (Prediction in December 2014).[1] As per the 2010 Census it was the fastest growing municipality in the nation, with a growth rate of 11% per year.[2] Though the municipality covers adjacent islands, nearly all the people reside on Batam island.

Geography[edit]

Batam is located west of Bintan Island, south of Singapore, north of Rempang and east of Bulan Island. The Riau Strait separates Batam and Bintan.

Batam has a tropical climate with average temperatures between 26-32°C. Humidity in the region ranges from 73% to 96%. The region has a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. Average annual rainfall is around 2,600 mm.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

The local governmental offices are in Batam Centre. The largest community on the island is Lubuk Baja (formerly known as Nagoya). Other residential areas include Baloi Garden, Sekupang, Nongsapura (Nongsa), Waterfront City (Teluk Senimba), Batu Ampar and Jodoh.

Batam City (Kotamadya Batam) is divided into 12 districts (kecamatan) - which include several adjacent islands such as Bulan, Rempang and Galang as well as Batam Island itself.The districts are tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[3]

Name Population
Census 2010[3]
Belakang Padang 18,508
Bulang 9,531
Galang 14,983
Sei Beduk 80,349
Sagulung 149,727
Nongsa 49,828
Batam Kota
(central city)
162,238
Sekupang 100,108
Batu Aji 127,455
Lubuk Baja 80,780
Batu Ampar 58,745
Bengkong 92,033

Economy[edit]

Beginning in the 1970s, the island underwent a significant transformation from a largely forested area into a major harbor and industrial zone.[citation needed] Shipbuilding and electronics manufacturing are important industries on the island. Being close to the ports of Singapore increases the speed for goods shipping and product distribution which benefits the island's economy. With lower labour costs and special government incentives, it is the site of many factories operated by foreign companies.[4]

Under a framework signed in June 2006, Batam, along with parts of neighboring Bintan and Karimun, are a part of a Special Economic Zone with Singapore; this zone eliminates tariffs and value-added taxes for goods shipped between Batam and Singapore.[5]

In 2010, approximately 58 percent of foreign tourists came from Singapore, and 13 percent from Malaysia.[6] The island is the location of International University of Batam.

Batam has recently been exposed as a major facilitator of the controversial ivory trade.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Batam - Indonesia 2010 Census
religion percent
Islam
  
74.25%
Protestantism
  
16.77%
Buddhism
  
5.45%
Catholicism
  
3.04%
Confucianism
  
0.31%
Hinduism
  
0.11%

The population of Batam consists of a mixture of races, religions and languages. With a population of more than 1 million, Islam is the majority religion at 70%, followed by Christianity, Buddhism, Confucianism and others.

As in other regions of Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia is the primary language, with several other languages and dialects such as Malay and Chinese (mainly Hokkien and Teochew) as well as Mandarin and English due to the close proximity of Singapore and Malaysia.


Transport[edit]

Ferry

Sekupang, one of Batam's international ferry port

The local ferry terminal ports connect to nearby Singapore and Bintan, and provides routes to Johor Bahru (Malaysia). There are five ferry terminals on the island: Harbourbay, Nongsapura Ferry Terminal, Sekupang, Waterfront City and Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal.

Remain silent

Signs showing a picture of a raised finger over a pair of lips have been raised in August 2014 at the Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal means you have to silent while queing for immigration to hear your names being called and clearly hear immigration officer instructions or you will be sent back to Singapore, if you are too noisy. Some visitors have been sent back immediately use the first ferry available. The signs are also apply at other ferry terminals, but they are not strictly enforced.[8][9]

Trans Batam

Trans Batam

Batam's city bus is named "Trans Batam". Before, the bus was named "Bis Kota Batam" (Batam City Bus). With more than 20 units of buses, this bus operates the Sekupang-Batam Center route and Batu Aji-Sekupang route.

Taxi

Blue Bird Taxi

Taxi services are available in Batam. There are more than 3.000 units of taxies in Batam. The taxies are equipped with meters, driver's identity, air conditioner and a non-smoking taxi.

Airport

Hang Nadim International Airport is the island's main airport, and has the longest runway in Indonesia. The airport is the largest in Sumatra since 1995-2012, and now the second largest in Sumatra after Kuala Namu International Airport in Medan. The airport has 4 pairs of jetbridges since 1985-2011 and there were 2 jetbridges added on 2012. So there are 6 jetbridges in total. BP Batam targets to build 12 pairs of jetbridges. [10] Domestic destinations include Pekanbaru, Palembang, Medan Jakarta, and many more. International flights currently include Kuala Lumpur (operated by Firefly and Malindo Air), and in 2015, Malindo Air will open a route to Bangkok-Don Mueang and Hong Kong.

Monorail

Monorail Map of BML (Batam Metro Line)

Monorail will be built in Batam in 2016 by Batam Authority, BP Batam and investors from South Korea. Batam will be the first city in Indonesia to have a monorail.

Batam Botanical Gardens[edit]

On August 28, 2014 a groundbreaking of international standard Batam Botanical Garden has been done by Public Utility Works Minister. The Batam Botanical Garden with 86 hectares will be the second largest botanical garden after Bogor Botanical Gardens and will also has a dam.[11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]