Batam

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Batam
City
Official seal of Batam
Seal
Motto: " Batam , Menuju Bandar Dunia yang Madani "
(Batam, towards a civil global city)
Batam.png
Batam is located in Indonesia
Batam
Batam
Location in Indonesia.
Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033
Country Indonesia
Province Riau Islands
Government
 • Mayor Drs. H.Ahmad Dahlan
Area
 • Total 715 km2 (276 sq mi)
Population (April 2012)
 • Total 1,153,860
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Postal code 29453
Area code(s) +62 778
Website http://batamkota.go.id/

Batam is an island, municipality (an Indonesian kotamadya), and the largest city (on the island) in Riau Islands Province within Indonesia. Batam is a free trade zone, part of the Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle, located 20 km (12 mi) off Singapore's south coast. The 715 km² (276 miles²) island, almost identical in size to Singapore, is the core part of the municipality. The municipality (1,010.88  km²) has a population of 1,153,860 (Civil Registry Survey April 2012).[1] As per the 2010 Census it was the fastest growing municipality in the nation, with a growth rate of 11% per year.[2] Though the municipality covers adjacent islands, nearly all the people reside on Batam island.

Geography[edit]

Batam is located west of Bintan Island, south of Singapore, north of Rempang and east of Bulan Island. The Riau Strait separates Batam and Bintan.

Batam has tropical climate with average temperatures between 26-32°C. Humidity in the region ranges from 73% to 96%. The region has a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. Average annual rainfall is around 2,600 mm.[citation needed]

Administration[edit]

The local governmental offices are in Batam Centre. The largest community on the island is Lubuk Baja (formerly known as Nagoya). Other residential area include Baloi Garden, Sekupang, Nongsapura (Nongsa), Waterfront City (Teluk Senimba), Batu Ampar, Jodoh.

Batam City (Kotamadya Batam) is divided into 12 districts (kecamatan) - which include several adjacent islands such as Bulan, Rempang and Galang as well as Batam Island itself.The districts are tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[3]

Name Population
Census 2010[3]
Belakang Padang 18,508
Bulang 9,531
Galang 14,983
Sei Beduk 80,349
Sagulung 149,727
Nongsa 49,828
Batam Kota
(central city)
162,238
Sekupang 100,108
Batu Aji 127,455
Lubuk Baja 80,780
Batu Ampar 58,745
Bengkong 92,033

Economy[edit]

Beginning in the 1970s, the island underwent a significant transformation from a largely forested area into a major harbor and industrial zone.[citation needed] Shipbuilding and electronics manufacturing are important industries on the island. Being close to ports of Singapore increases the speed for goods shipping and product distribution which benefits the island's economy, with lower labour costs and special government incentives, it is the site of many factories operated by foreign companies.[4]

Under a framework signed in June 2006, Batam, along with parts of neighboring Bintan and Karimun, are a part of a Special Economic Zone with Singapore; this zone eliminates tariffs and value-added taxes for goods shipped between Batam and Singapore.[5]

In 2010, approximately 58 percent of foreign tourists came from Singapore, and 13 percent from Malaysia.[6] Batam has a reputation as destination for prostitution and gambling.[7][8]

Batam has recently been exposed as a major facilitator of the controversial ivory trade.[9]

Demographic[edit]

The demographic of Batam consist of mixture of races, religions and languages among the people. With the population of more than 1 million in the entire municipality, Islam has been majority of the religion among the society with more than 70% of total population are Muslim, followed by Christianity (Catholic and Protestantism) as well as Buddhism and Confucianism and other religions. Just like in other regions in Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia is primarily spoken by people in Batam, with several other languages and dialects such as Malay and Chinese dialects (mainly Hokkien and Teochew) as well as Mandarin and English due to the close proximity to Singapore and Malaysia that makes Batam becoming one of the most visited destination by tourists from both countries.

Religion in Batam - Indonesia 2010 Census
religion percent
Islam
  
74.25%
Protestantism
  
16.77%
Buddhism
  
5.45%
Catholicism
  
3.04%
Confucianism
  
0.31%
Hinduism
  
0.11%

Transport[edit]

Batam Centre harbour from a ferry to Singapore.

The local ferry terminal ports connect to nearby Singapore and Bintan, and provides routes to Johor Bahru (Malaysia). There are five ferry terminals on the island: Harbourbay, Nongsapura Ferry Terminal, Sekupang, Waterfront City and Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal.

Buses are available in Batam. They had used Sunlong buses and King Long buses.

Hang Nadim Airport is the island's main airport, and has the longest runway in Indonesia.[10] Domestic flight include Pekanbaru, Palembang, Medan, and Jakarta. International flights currently include Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, and Penang.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://globalfmlombok.com/content/soal-mandalika-resort-dprd-ntb-studi-komparatif-dengan-pemkot-batam
  2. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/05/12/urbanization-and-urban-development-patterns.html
  3. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ "Indonesia President inaugurates Batam free trade zone". Xinhua General News Service. Jan 19, 2009. 
  5. ^ Teo, Laurel (May 19, 2007). "Indon SEZ rules ready by end-May; Setting of a deadline likely to please potential investors". The Business Times Singapore. 
  6. ^ Singaporeans constitute 57 pct of tourists in Batam
  7. ^ Living like kings
  8. ^ Batam losing its sex appeal
  9. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/03/10/batam-alleged-transshipment-point-ivory-africa.html
  10. ^ Airports in Indonesia

External links[edit]