Batam

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Batam
باتم
City
Batam Compilation.jpg
Official seal of Batam
Seal
Nickname(s): Kota Industri (Indonesian): "The Industrial City"

Motto: Terwujudnya Batam Sebagai Bandar Dunia yang Modern dan Pusat Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Nasional

(Batam as a civil modern city and as the centre of national economy development)
Batam is located in Indonesia
Batam
Batam
Location in Indonesia.
Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033Coordinates: 1°05′N 104°02′E / 1.083°N 104.033°E / 1.083; 104.033
Country Indonesia
Province Riau Islands
Government
 • Mayor Drs. H. Ahmad Dahlan MH, Ph.D
 • Vice Mayor H.M. Rudi SE, MM
Area
 • Total 715 km2 (276 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 1,780,602
 • Density 2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Postal code 29453
Area code(s) +62 778
Vehicle registration BP
Website www.batamkota.go.id

Batam (Jawi: باتم) is an island, municipality (an Indonesian kotamadya), the largest city in the Riau Islands Province of Indonesia, the third largest city in Sumatra after Medan and Palembang, and the 8th largest city in Indonesia after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Medan, Semarang, Makassar, and Palembang.

Batam is a free trade zone, part of the Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle, located 20 km (12 mi) off Singapore's south coast. The 715 km² (276 miles²) island, almost identical in size to Singapore, is the core part of the municipality. The municipality (2,200  km²) has a population of 1,780,602 (Prediction in May 2015).[1] As per the 2010 Census it was the fastest growing municipality in the nation, with a growth rate of 11% per year.[2] Though the municipality covers adjacent islands, nearly all the people reside on Batam island.

Geography[edit]

Batam is located west of Bintan Island, south of Singapore, north of Rempang and east of Bulan Island. The Riau Strait separates Batam and Bintan.

Batam has a tropical climate with average temperatures between 26-32 °C. Humidity in the region ranges from 73% to 96%. The region has a wet season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. Average annual rainfall is around 2,600 mm.[citation needed]

Population[edit]

Tribes Society Batam is a heterogeneous society consisting of diverse ethnic and class. The dominant tribe among other Malays, Javanese, Batak, Minangkabau, and Chinese. With have smth. As an umbrella and uphold Malay Unity in Diversity, Batam be conducive to moving economic activity, socio-political and cultural society. Until April 2012, Batam has a population of 1.15386 million inhabitants and has a population growth rate is very high. In the period 2001 to April 2012 had a population growth rate averaging more than 8 percent per year.

Religion Islam is the majority religion in Batam, the number of adherents as much as 76.69% of the entire population of the city. Followed by Christians (17.02%), Buddhists (5.79%), and Hinduism (0.40%). [3] Mosque Batam, located in the city center, adjacent to the main square, the mayor's office and the office Parliament became a symbol of the religious people of Batam. Christianity and Catholicism are also widely embraced by people of Batam, especially those from the Batak tribe and Flores. Buddhism is mostly held by Chinese citizens. Batam has Vihara which reputedly the largest in Southeast Asia, namely Vihara Duta Maitreya.

Language Indonesian is used as the language of instruction daily. Language is also used by the people who come from abroad such as English, German and other parts of Indonesia, such as Malay, Minang, Batak, Sundanese, and Javanese and Chinese ethnic dialects. It so happens because Batam is where various tribes met.

Administration[edit]

The local governmental offices are in Batam Centre. The largest community on the island is Lubuk Baja (formerly known as Nagoya). Other residential areas include Baloi Garden, Sekupang, Nongsapura (Nongsa), Waterfront City (Teluk Senimba), Batu Ampar and Jodoh.

Batam City (Kotamadya Batam) is divided into 12 districts (kecamatan) - which include several adjacent islands such as Bulan, Rempang and Galang as well as Batam Island itself.The districts are tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:[3]

Name Population
Census 2010[3]
Belakang Padang 18,508
Bulang 9,531
Galang 14,983
Sei Beduk 80,349
Sagulung 149,727
Nongsa 49,828
Batam Kota
(central city)
162,238
Sekupang 100,108
Batu Aji 127,455
Lubuk Baja 80,780
Batu Ampar 58,745
Bengkong 92,033

Economy[edit]

Beginning in the 1970s, the island underwent a significant transformation from a largely forested area into a major harbour and industrial zone.[citation needed] Shipbuilding and electronics manufacturing are important industries on the island. Being close to the ports of Singapore increases the speed for goods shipping and product distribution which benefits the island's economy. With lower labour costs and special government incentives, it is the site of many factories operated by foreign companies.[4]

Under a framework signed in June 2006, Batam, along with parts of neighbouring Bintan and Karimun, are a part of a Special Economic Zone with Singapore; this zone eliminates tariffs and value-added taxes for goods shipped between Batam and Singapore.[5]

In 2010, approximately 58 percent of foreign tourists came from Singapore, and 13 percent from Malaysia.[6] The island is the location of International University of Batam.

Batam has recently been exposed as a major facilitator of the controversial ivory trade.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Batam - Indonesia 2010 Census
religion percent
Islam
  
74.25%
Protestantism
  
16.77%
Buddhism
  
5.45%
Catholicism
  
3.04%
Confucianism
  
0.31%
Hinduism
  
0.11%

The population of Batam consists of a mixture of races, religions and languages. With a population of more than 1.3 million, Islam is the majority religion at 74.25%, followed by Christianity, Buddhism, Confucianism and others.

As in other regions of Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia is the primary language, with several other languages and dialects such as Malay and Chinese (mainly Hokkien and Teochew) as well as Mandarin and English due to the close proximity of Singapore and Malaysia.

Transport[edit]

Ferry

Sekupang, one of Batam's international ferry port

The local ferry terminal ports connect to nearby Singapore and Bintan, and provides routes to Johor Bahru (Malaysia). There are five ferry terminals on the island: Harbourbay, Nongsapura Ferry Terminal, Sekupang, Waterfront City and Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal.

Remain silent

Signs showing a picture of a raised finger over a pair of lips have been raised in August 2014 at the Batam Centre International Ferry Terminal means you have to silent while queing for immigration to hear your names being called and clearly hear immigration officer instructions or you will be sent back to Singapore, if you are too noisy. Some visitors have been sent back immediately use the first ferry available. The signs are also apply at other ferry terminals, but they are not strictly enforced.[8][9]

"Trans Batam" Busway

Interior of Trans Batam
Exterior of the Old Trans Batam Livery

Batam's city bus is named "Trans Batam". Before, the bus was named "Bis Kota Batam" (Batam City Bus). With more than 20 units of buses, this bus operates the Sekupang-Batam Centre route and Batu Aji-Sekupang route.

Taxi

One of the best taxi operators in Batam, Blue Bird Taxi

Taxies in Batam are almost available anywhere, from ferry terminals, airport, shopping malls, hotels, etc. There are more than 3.000 units of taxies in Batam. In the early 2000s, Batam is common with Toyota Corolla taxies. Starting in the late 2013, more than 95% taxies are brand new, using the Toyota Limo and Chevrolet Lova.

Airport

Hang Nadim International Airport

Hang Nadim International Airport is the island's main airport, and has the longest runway in Indonesia. The airport was the largest airport in Sumatra in 1995-2012 with a capacity of 6 million passengers per year, and now the second largest in Sumatra after Kuala Namu International Airport in Medan with a capacity of 8 million passengers. The airport has 4 pairs of jetbridges and 2 single jetbridges. BP Batam, the airport operator are about to build a new terminal with a capacity of 8 million passengers each terminal (16 million passengers in total for two terminals) in the late 2016 . BP Batam targets to build 8 pairs of jetbridges in the new terminal terminal.[10] Domestic destinations include Pekanbaru, Palembang, Medan Jakarta, and many more. International flights currently include Kuala Lumpur (operated by Firefly and Malindo Air), Kunming (operated by Lucky Air), Shanghai (operated by Juneyao Airlines), and Chongqing (operated by Citilink and Shandong Airlines).

Monorail

Monorail are planned to be built in 2016 by Batam Authority, BP Batam and foreign investors. Batam will be the first city in Indonesia to have a monorail.

Batam Botanical Gardens[edit]

On 28 August 2014, a groundbreaking of international standard Batam Botanical Garden has been done by Public Utility Works Minister. The Batam Botanical Garden with 86 hectares will be the second largest botanical garden after Bogor Botanical Gardens and will also have a dam.[11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]