Batavia, New York

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Batavia, New York
City
Nickname(s): 1802 Birthplace of Western New York
Motto: The Right Place. The Right Time.
Batavia, New York is located in New York
Batavia, New York
Batavia, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°59′55″N 78°11′3″W / 42.99861°N 78.18417°W / 42.99861; -78.18417Coordinates: 42°59′55″N 78°11′3″W / 42.99861°N 78.18417°W / 42.99861; -78.18417
Country United States
State New York
County Genesee
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Manager Jason Molino
 • City Council
Area
 • Total 5.2 sq mi (13.6 km2)
 • Land 5.2 sq mi (13.4 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)  1.14%
Elevation 892 ft (272 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,465
 • Density 3,126/sq mi (1,195/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14020
Area code(s) 585
FIPS code 36-04715
GNIS feature ID 0943150
Website Batavia NY

Batavia is a city in Genesee County, Western New York, USA, located near the center of Genesee County, surrounded by the Town of Batavia, which is a separate municipality. Its population as of the 2010 census was 15,465. The name Batavia is Latin for the Betuwe region of the Netherlands, and honors early Dutch land developers.[1]

Batavia is the county seat of Genesee County.

The city hosts the Batavia Muckdogs baseball club of the New York-Penn League, located at the Dwyer Stadium, at 299 Bank Street. The Muckdogs are an affiliate of the Miami Marlins.[2] They won the 2008 championship. In 2006, a national magazine ranked Batavia third among the nation’s micropolitans based on economic development.[3]

The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) passes north of the city. Genesee County Airport (GVQ) is also located north of the city.

Its UN/LOCODE is USBIA.

History[edit]

The Holland Land Company[edit]

All of western New York was sold through this office of the Holland Land Company. It is now a museum.

The current City of Batavia was an early settlement in what is today called Genesee Country, the farthest western region of New York State, comprising the Genesee Valley and westward to the Niagara River, Lake Erie, and the Pennsylvania line.

The tract purchased in western New York (the Holland Purchase) was a 3,250,000 acre (13,150 km²) portion of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase that lay west of the Genesee River. It was purchased in December 1792, February 1793, and July 1793 from Robert Morris, a prominent Revolutionary banker, by the Holland Land Company, a consortium of Dutch bankers.

The village of Batavia was founded in 1802 by Joseph Ellicott, agent of the Holland Land Company.[4] Batavia, New York, was named for the short-lived Batavian Republic (1795–1806) in honor of the Holland Land Company.

The Batavian Republic was itself named for the Batavi, an ancient Germanic tribe, which lived in the area of the Rhine–Maas delta in the central Netherlands. During the Renaissance in the Low Countries (1500s) and Dutch Golden Age (1600), Dutch nationalists formed the "Batavian myth" and argued that the ancient Batavians were the ancestors of the Dutch.[5] This region is now known as Betuwe, a Dutch word derived from "Batavia."

One of the provisions of the sale was that Morris needed to settle the Indian title to the land, so he arranged for his son Thomas Morris to negotiate with the Iroquois at Geneseo, New York in 1797. About 3,000 Iroquois, mostly Senecas, arrived for the negotiation. Seneca chief and orator Red Jacket was adamantly against the sale, but his influence was thwarted by freely distributed liquor and trinkets given to the women. In the end he acquiesced and signed the Treaty of Big Tree, in which the tribe sold their rights to the land except for a small portion for $100,000. Mary Jemison, known as The White Woman of the Genesee, who had been captured in a raid and married her Seneca captor, proved to be an able negotiator for the tribe and helped win more favorable terms for them.

In the negotiations Horatio Jones was the translator and William Wadsworth provided his unfinished home. The land was then surveyed under the supervision of Joseph Ellicott, a monumental task of the biggest land survey ever attempted to that time.

Ellicott, as agent for the company, established a land office in Batavia in 1802.[4] The entire purchase was named Genesee County in 1802, with Batavia as the county seat. The company sold off the purchase until 1846, when the company was dissolved. The phrase "doing a land office business," which denotes prosperity, dates from this era. The office still exists and is a museum today, designated a National Historic Landmark.

Joseph Ellicott lived in Batavia for many years although he thought Buffalo would grow to be larger. Batavia has a major street named after him (Ellicott Street), as well as a minor street (Ellicott Avenue), and a large monument in the heart of the city. Batavia was incorporated as a village in 1823.

The present counties of western New York were all laid out from the original Genesee County, and the modern Genesee County is but one of many. But the entire area as a region is still referred to as Genesee Country. Thus, Batavia was the core from which the rest of western New York was opened for settlement and development.

The Masonic Scandal[edit]

A scandal erupted in Batavia in 1826, when William Morgan, a local ne'er do well was offended by the local Masonic Lodge (Western Star Chapter R. A. M. No. 33 of Le Roy, New York), and threatened to expose the secrets of the lodge. He was arrested on a minor charge, then released when his charge was paid, into the company of several men, with whom he went, apparently unwillingly. It was developed later that the men were Masons, and they carried him to Fort Niagara, where he was held captive, and from whence he disappeared. Although the Masons claimed he was only bribed to cease publication and leave the area forever, public sentiment was that he was murdered. No conviction was ever obtained. His captors were only charged and convicted with his abduction.

The event roused tremendous public furor and anti-Mason sentiment ran high. Anti-Masonry was a factor in politics for many years later, as well as religion. Many Methodist Episcopal clergy had joined the Masons, and this was one of the reasons the Free Methodist Church separated.

The Advent of the Erie Canal[edit]

The Erie Canal in 1825 bypassed Batavia, going well to the north at Albion and Medina, enabling Buffalo and Rochester to grow much faster. With the sale of the western part of the state completed, Batavia became a small industrial city in the heart of an agricultural area. It became known for the manufacture of tractors, agricultural implements, sprayers and shoes. It also was a tool and die making center for industries in other areas.

The largest manufacturer, Johnston Harvester Company came into being in 1868. In 1910, the business was acquired by Massey-Harris Co. Ltd, and became a subsidiary of that Canadian company, founded by Daniel Massey in 1847.

Batavia grew rapidly in the early 20th century, receiving an influx of Polish and Italian immigrants. The City of Batavia was incorporated in 1915.

Recent history[edit]

Oatka Milk plant still processes milk from area dairy farms which are fewer but larger in recent times.

In recent years much of the heavier industry left for other areas of the US, or abroad, and Batavia became part of what has become known as The Rust Belt.

From 1985 to 1991, Batavian and journalist Terry A. Anderson was held captive in Lebanon by Hezbollah partisans,[6] and his sister, Peggy Say, became an ardent campaigner for his release.

The construction of the Buffalo Federal Detention Facility, a federal immigration detention center adjacent to the airport has provided more jobs in the area, as well as expansion of the airport itself, including lengthening the runway to accommodate larger aircraft in 2005. Inmates at the detention center have included terrorism suspects, such as Nabil Ahmed Farag Soliman, who embarked on a hunger strike in 1999 after two and a half years in federal detention.[7][8]

Barber Conable, political leader and World Bank president was a former resident.[9]

Author John Gardner, a Batavia native, set his novel The Sunlight Dialogues (1972) in 1960s Batavia. Also a native is Bill Kauffman, a political writer and columnist, whose Dispatches from the Muckdog Gazette (2002)[10] is about the city. Author F. Scott Fitzgerald references Batavia in his novel, Tender Is the Night (1934), plus popular authors Stephen King and Peter Straub mention or set parts of their novel, The Talisman (1983), in the city.

Batavia was referenced in The Simpsons Season 8 episode The Twisted World of Marge Simpson, when the first order to Marge's pretzel business after securing the protection of the local mafia comes from the Meat Packers Union Hall in Batavia.

In August 2012 Muller Quaker Dairy broke ground on what is to be one of the largest yogurt manufacturing plants in the United States, expected to employee 186 people. Muller Quaker Dairy is a joint venture between PepsiCo and the Theo Muller Group.[11][12]

Geography[edit]

Old mill dam at the Big Bend of the Tonawanda, downtown Batavia, New York. The choice of this site for Ellicot's headquarters was probably influenced by a good mill site.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13.6 km²), of which, 5.2 square miles (13.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (1.14%) is water.

New York State Route 5 (east-west) intersects New York State Route 33, New York State Route 63, and New York State Route 98 in the city. The New York State Thruway is immediately north of Batavia.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 15,465 people, 6,644 households, and 3,710 families residing in the city. The racial make up of the city from 2000 to 2010 changed little and is not worth noting.

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 16,256 people, 6,457 households, and 3,867 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,133.9 people per square mile (1,209.3/km²). There were 6,924 housing units at an average density of 1,334.8 per square mile (515.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.23% White, 5.43% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.45% of the population.

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 6,457 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.01.

As of the census[13] of 2000, in the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

As of the census[13] of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $33,484, and the median income for a family was $42,460. Males had a median income of $32,091 versus $23,289 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,737. About 10.2% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable events[edit]

  • The First Business Incubator in the United States, the Batavia Industrial Center, was started in Batavia.[14]
  • John Elway, quarterback of the Super Bowl champion Denver Broncos, hit his first professional home run at Dwyer Stadium while playing minor league baseball.[14]
  • In March 1926, over 1,000 people turned out to hear Helen Keller speak in the city.[14]
  • The first union Soldier to enlist in the Civil War was from Batavia.[14]
  • On September 3, 1993 a tornado tore through Batavia killing two people.[15]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Batavia has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genesee County webpage
  2. ^ http://www.milb.com/index.jsp?sid=t511
  3. ^ Deckert, Andrea (2006-03-03). "Batavia development efforts spotlighted.". Rochester Business Journal. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-09. 
  4. ^ a b History of Batavia, New York from Our County and Its People: A Descriptive and Biographical Record of Genesee County, New York (1899)
  5. ^ The Batavian Myth: A Study Pack from the Department of Dutch, University College London
  6. ^ Kiesewetter, John (2002-02-19). "Terry Anderson talks tough.". Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  7. ^ "SOLIMAN v US". US 11th Circuit Court of Appeals. 2002-07-11. Retrieved 2008-03-09. 
  8. ^ Siegal, Nina (2000-01-31). "After two years in deportation fight, a hunger strike.". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  9. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (2003-12-02). "Barber B. Conable, 81, Congressman and Bank Chief, dies.". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-04-06. [dead link]
  10. ^ Kauffman, Bill. Dispatches from the Muckdog Gazette.. Macmillan. Retrieved 2008-03-09. 
  11. ^ PepsiCo Break Ground on Major New US Yogurt Production Facility. FoodIngredientsFirst. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ a b c d About Batavia - Did You Know
  15. ^ National Weather Service Buffalo, New York - Western New York Weather History (September 3)
  16. ^ "Thom Beers". Original Productions. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "David Bellavia". militarytimes.com. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  18. ^ "Charles H. Burke". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Albert G. Burr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  20. ^ "Paolo Busti". New York Heritage. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  21. ^ "Trumbull Cary". http://history.rays-place.com/. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  22. ^ "Ralph Chandler". The Generations Network. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Ralph Chapin". http://thebatavian.com/. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  24. ^ "William Henry Comstock". : The Canadian album. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  25. ^ "James Crossen-Cobourg Car Works". cobourghistory.ca. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  26. ^ "Benjamin Ellicott". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  27. ^ "David Ellicott Evans". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  28. ^ "FISHER, John, (1806 - 1882)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Teal Fowler". hockeyDB.com. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  30. ^ "John Gardner". http://pabook.libraries.psu.edu/. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  31. ^ "Augustus Hall". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  32. ^ "Stephen Hawley". http://assembly.state.ny.us/. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  33. ^ "Bill Kauffman". Front Porch Republic. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  34. ^ "George W. Lay". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  35. ^ "Samuel D. Lockwood". lawpracticeofabrahamlincoln.org. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  36. ^ "Thomas C. Love". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  37. ^ "Vincent Maney]". .baseball - Reference . Com. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  38. ^ "Paula Miller]". http://dela.state.va.us/. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  39. ^ "William Morgan". masonicinfo.com. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  40. ^ "Thomas David Morrison". University of Toronto/Université Laval. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  41. ^ "James C. Owens, Jr.". history.navy.mil. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  42. ^ "Dean Richmond". onlinebiographies.info. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  43. ^ "Albert Smith". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  44. ^ "Phineas L. Tracy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  45. ^ "Emory Upton". civilwar.org. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  46. ^ "Seth Wakeman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  47. ^ "Isaac Wilson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  48. ^ "Mary Elizabeth Wood". britannica.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  49. ^ "Colonel Edward J. York". http://veterantributes.org/. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  50. ^ Climate Summary for Batavia, New York

External links[edit]