Batetsky District

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Batetsky District
Батецкий район (Russian)
Location of Batetsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Batetsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 58°38′N 30°18′E / 58.633°N 30.300°E / 58.633; 30.300Coordinates: 58°38′N 30°18′E / 58.633°N 30.300°E / 58.633; 30.300
Coat of Arms of Batetsky district (2010).png
Flag of Batetsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png
Coat of arms of Batetsky District
Flag of Batetsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center settlement of rural type of Batetsky[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
settlement 3
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 145
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Batetsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 3
Statistics
Area 1,600 km2 (620 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 6,335 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 3.96/km2 (10.3/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927 (first),[8]
December 30, 1966 (second)
[9]
Official website
Batetsky District on WikiCommons

Batetsky District (Russian: Батецкий район) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast and borders with Luzhsky District of Leningrad Oblast in the northwest, Novgorodsky District in the east, and with Shimsky District in the south. The area of the district is 1,600 square kilometers (620 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a settlement) of Batetsky.[1] District's population: 6,335 (2010 Census);[5] 6,996 (2002 Census);[10] 7,622 (1989 Census).[11] The population of the administrative center accounts for 35.6% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The main river flowing through the district is the Luga, and much of the east, center, and west of the district lies in its basin. The southwest of the district is in the basin of the Shelon River, whereas the southeast is in the basin of the Verenda, a tributary of Lake Ilmen, and of the left tributaries of the Volkhov River. The landscape of the district is flat and swampy.

History[edit]

The settlement of Batetsky was founded in 1891 to serve as a station on the railway between St. Petersburg and Vitebsk.[12] At the time, the area was split between Luzhsky Uyezd of Saint Petersburg Governorate and Novgorodsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate.

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Batetsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Batetsky,[13] was established within Luga Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included parts of former Luzhsky and Novgorodsky Uyezds.[13] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[14] Between August 1941 and February 1944, Batetsky District was occupied by German troops.[13] On July 5, 1944, Batetsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[13] On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform. On December 30, 1966, Batetsky District was re-established.[9]

Effective October 1, 1927,[8] Chyornovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Chyornoye was also established, as part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[15] It included parts of Novgorodsky Uyezd.[15] On September 20, 1931, Chyornovsky District was abolished and merged into Batetsky District.[15]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The district specializes in timber industry and food industry.[4]

Agriculture[edit]

There are four large-scale farms in the district. The main agricultural specialization is milk production. Agricultural lands occupy 229 square kilometers (88 sq mi) and are mainly used to grow crops.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Batetsky District is located at the crossing of two railroads: one, in the northern-southern direction, connects St. Petersburg with Velikiye Luki via Dno, and another one, approximately in the southeastern-northwestern direction, connects Veliky Novgorod with Luga.

A road network within the district connects it, among other places, with Veliky Novgorod, Luga, Shimsk, and Soltsy.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains 12 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 129 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[16] The federal monuments are the complex of the Muravyov Estate in the village of Tereboni, and a number of archeological sites.

A creation of an open-air archaeological museum is planned. The museum will include a complex of tumuli, the highest of which is known as Shum-gora, and will be devoted to Viking culture.[17]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #372-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d О районе (in Russian). Администрация Батецкого муниципального района. Retrieved May 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ a b Snytko et al., p. 151
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Черкашин, Олег. Родное место на родной земле (in Russian). Батецкий Край. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ a b c d Snytko et al., pp. 93–95
  14. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  15. ^ a b c Snytko et al., pp. 143–144
  16. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved May 22, 2011. 
  17. ^ Новый проект при поддержке Европейского Союза «Общее историческое прошлое – для общего будущего» (in Russian). МОО «Ассоциация сотрудничества со странами Северной Европы «НОРДЕН». Retrieved May 22, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №372-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Батецкого муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №714-ОЗ от 30 марта 2010 г «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Батецкого муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №2, 12 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #372-OZ of December 22, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Batetsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #714-OZ of March 30, 2010 On Transforming Several Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Batetsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved May 22, 2012.