Bathurst, New Brunswick

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Bathurst
City
Bathurst waterfront
Bathurst waterfront
Coat of arms of Bathurst
Coat of arms
Motto: See What Awaits You
Bathurst is located in New Brunswick
Bathurst
Bathurst
Location within New Brunswick.
Coordinates: 47°37′N 65°39′W / 47.62°N 65.65°W / 47.62; -65.65
Country  Canada
Province  New Brunswick
County Gloucester
Parish Bathurst
Settled 1600's
Town Status 1912
City Status 1966
Electoral Districts   
Federal

Acadie—Bathurst
Provincial Bathurst
Government[1]
 • Type City Council
 • Mayor Stephen J. Brunet
 • Councillors
Area[2]
 • Land 91.86 km2 (35.47 sq mi)
 • Urban 69.85 km2 (26.97 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,087.97 km2 (806.17 sq mi)
Highest elevation 62 m (203 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • City 12,275
 • Density 133.6/km2 (346/sq mi)
 • Urban 18,154
 • Urban density 260/km2 (700/sq mi)
 • Metro 30,424
 • Metro density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 3.5%
 • Dwellings 6,257
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code(s) E2A
Area code(s)
Highways
Route 8
Route 11
Route 134
Route 180

Route 315
Route 322
Route 430
NTS Map 021P12
GNBC Code DAFQX
Website www.bathurst.ca

Bathurst (2011 population; UA 12,275; CA population 13,424) is a Canadian city in Gloucester County, New Brunswick.[3]

Geography[edit]

A topographic map of Bathurst.

Bathurst is situated on Bathurst Harbour, an estuary at the mouth of the Nepisiguit River at the southernmost part of Chaleur Bay.

History[edit]

Bathurst's former post office

Early settlers from France came to the area in the 17th century in what became part of the colony of Acadia.[citation needed] Following the fall of this part of Acadia to British control in the Seven Years' War, the region saw the arrival of numerous English and Scottish settlers, particularly during the latter 18th century through to the 20th century.[citation needed] The community was named by the Governor, Sir Howard Douglas (1823–1831), in honor of Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst (1762–1834), Secretary of State for the Colonies of the British government.

The opening of the Intercolonial Railway of Canada in 1876 provided a fast connection from the port of Bathurst to the rest of North America which was essential for developing the region's principal industries in forestry and zinc mining. Bathurst Airport accommodates general aviation, along with service to Montreal, Quebec via Air Canada. In 1881, the Roman Catholic Church constructed the Sacré-Coeur Cathedral.

In 1972 The Bathurst Alpine Papermakers won The Hardy Cup defeating The Rosetown Red Wings 3-0 at the old Bathurst Arena. The Hardy cup was the Canadian national Intermediate "A" ice hockey championship from 1967 until 1984. From 1985 until 1990, the Hardy Cup was the Canadian national senior championship for Senior "AA" after senior and intermediate hockey were merged by the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association. The trophy was retired to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1990

In 1998, the Laval Titan QMJHL franchise relocated to Bathurst, taking the name Acadie–Bathurst Titan. They play at the K.C Irving center in Bathurst

The Nepisiguit Centennial Museum/Cultural Centre (c. 1967) is designated a local historic place under the provincial Community Planning Act.[4] The Herman J. Good V.C Branch No.18 Royal Canadian Legion War Museum (c. 1956) is also designated a local historic place.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Bathurst is officially bilingual with French, Irish, Scottish and English heritage. The city is also home to Míkmaq natives, with the Papineau First Nations (Kekwapskuk) community located on the outskirts of the city. Recent immigration to Bathurst has brought new residents from countries such as the Philippines and Korea.

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Bathurst, New Brunswick[8]
Year Pop.   ±%  
1871 600 —    
1901 1,044 +74.0%
1911 960 −8.0%
1921 3,327 +246.6%
1931 3,300 −0.8%
1941 3,554 +7.7%
Year Pop.   ±%  
1951 4,453 +25.3%
1961 5,494 +23.4%
1971 16,674 +203.5%
1981 15,705 −5.8%
1986 14,683 −6.5%
1991 14,409 −1.9%
Year Pop.   ±%  
1996 13,815 −4.1%
2001 12,924 −6.4%
2006 12,714 −1.6%
2011 12,275 −3.5%

Language[edit]

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Bathurst, New Brunswick[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
11,865
5,860 Decrease 6.5% 49.39% 5,585 Decrease 2.6% 47.07% 230 Decrease 4.2% 1.94% 190 Increase 31.0% 1.60%
2006
12,385
6,265 Increase 1.0% 50.58% 5,735 Decrease 4.7% 46.31% 240 Decrease 28.4% 1.94% 145 Increase 107.1% 1.17%
2001
12,625
6,205 Decrease 6.3% 49.15% 6,015 Decrease 8.7% 47.64% 335 Increase 19.6% 2.65% 70 Decrease 12.5% 0.55%
1996
13,570
6,625 n/a 48.82% 6,585 n/a 48.53% 280 n/a 2.06% 80 n/a 0.59%

Education[edit]

Health care[edit]

The city is serviced by one health care facility, Chaleur Regional Hospital.

Notable people[edit]

Sir James Dunn of Algoma Steel and Canadian Steamship Lines was born in West Bathurst[9]

Organizations[edit]

Synergies Chaleur[10]

Royal Canadian Legion, Branch No. 18

New Brunswick Association for Community Living[11]

AMDHHA[12]

Churches[edit]

Anglican[13]

Baptist[14]

Catholic[15]

United[16]

Phantom ship legend[edit]

The Bay of Chaleur is known for its phantom ship legend, which dates back more than two centuries.[citation needed] The story (and witnesses) claim that a sailing ship burned in the waters north of the city, possibly from the Battle of the Restigouche, and is visible in certain weather and light conditions. A drawing of a ghost wielding an anchor and menacing two sailors could be seen on the city's old welcome sign. [17]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bathurst
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
12.0
(53.6)
19.0
(66.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.2
(90)
34.0
(93.2)
36.5
(97.7)
35.0
(95)
31.5
(88.7)
26.5
(79.7)
20.5
(68.9)
13.3
(55.9)
36.5
(97.7)
Average high °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−4.3
(24.3)
1.3
(34.3)
6.8
(44.2)
15.4
(59.7)
21.4
(70.5)
24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
17.8
(64)
11.2
(52.2)
4.0
(39.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
9.4
(48.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.1
(12)
−9.5
(14.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.4
(36.3)
9.9
(49.8)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
18.2
(64.8)
12.8
(55)
6.8
(44.2)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
4.5
(40.1)
Average low °C (°F) −16.1
(3)
−14.7
(5.5)
−8.7
(16.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.2
(39.6)
10.2
(50.4)
13.8
(56.8)
12.9
(55.2)
7.8
(46)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
−12.0
(10.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
Record low °C (°F) −36.1
(−33)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−27.2
(−17)
−16.0
(3.2)
−6.1
(21)
−1.0
(30.2)
5.0
(41)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−36.1
(−33)
Precipitation mm (inches) 92.5
(3.642)
63.3
(2.492)
84.3
(3.319)
90.7
(3.571)
79.5
(3.13)
83.5
(3.287)
99.0
(3.898)
101.6
(4)
71.7
(2.823)
89.5
(3.524)
95.3
(3.752)
107.8
(4.244)
1,058.6
(41.677)
Source: Environment Canada[18]

See also[edit]

See main article: Boys in Red Tragedy

Tragedy in Bathurst.[19]

After the tragedy.[20]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Bathurst, New Brunswick at Wikimedia Commons



Coordinates: 47°37′12″N 65°39′00″W / 47.62000°N 65.65000°W / 47.62000; -65.65000 (Bathurst, New Brunswick)