Bathynellacea is an order of crustaceans which live interstitially in groundwater. Some species can tolerate low salt concentrations, and at least one African species is a [3 ] thermophile, living in hot springs and tolerating temperatures up to 55 °C (131 °F). Bathynellaceans are minute, blind, worm-like animals with short, weak legs, [4 ] reaching a maximum size of 3.4 millimetres (0.13 in). [5 ] They are found on every continent except [6 ] Antarctica, although they are missing from some islands, including Fiji, New Caledonia and the Caribbean islands. There are two families, [4 ] Bathynellidae and Parabathynellidae; a third family, "Leptobathynellidae", is considered a synonym of Parabathynellidae. [7 ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b "Bathynellacea". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved October 20, 2010.
^ Pierre-Alfred Chappuis (1915). ". Bathynella natans und ihre Stellung im System" Zoologische Jahrbücher: Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere (in German) 40 (2): 147–176.
^ J. K. Lowry. "Bathynellacea (Malacostraca)". Crustacea, the Higher Taxa: Description, Identification, and Information Retrieval . Retrieved October 20, 2010.
^ a b "Bathynellacea". Animal Life Resource. Jrank. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010 . Retrieved October 20, 2010.
^ "Crustacean". . Encyclopædia Britannica Archived from the original on 24 December 2009 . Retrieved 2009-11-26.
^ "Bathynellacea (bathynellaceans)". Identification and Ecology of Australian Freshwater Invertebrates. Murray Darling Freshwater Research Centre . Retrieved October 20, 2010.
^ Jan Drewes & Horst Kurt Schminke (2011). "Number of families within Bathynellacea (Malacostraca) and year of publication of their names, with redescription of Baicalobathynella magna (Bazikalova, 1954) from Lake Baikal". Crustaceana 84 (11): 1377–1401. doi: 10.1163/001121611X590120.
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