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Batiniyya was originally introduced by "Abu’l-Khāttāb Muhammad ibn Abu Zaynab al-Asadī",[1][2] and later developed by Maymūn al-Qāddāh and his son ʿAbd Allāh ibn Maymūn[3] for the interpretation of Qur'an.[4] It might sometimes be employed as a pejorative term to refer to those movements, such as Alevism, Ismailism, and often Sufism, which distinguish between an inner, esoteric (Batini) level of meaning in the Quran, in addition to the outer exotericZahiri as well. Batini ta’wil is the name given to the exegesis of the esoteric knowledge which rests with the Imam, or with the Shaykh/Pir in Sufism.

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