Batley and Spen (UK Parliament constituency)
|Batley and Spen|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Batley and Spen in West Yorkshire.
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
|Population||107,899 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,472 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Batley, Cleckheaton, Birstall, Birkenshaw|
|Member of parliament||Jo Cox (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Batley and Morley, Brighouse and Spenborough and Dewsbury|
|European Parliament constituency||Yorkshire and the Humber|
The area is in the rolling Pennines of West Yorkshire with considerable commerce, industry, retail and occupational trades carried out by most of its residents and a sizeable retired population, compared to city centres. A lower percentage of social housing is present than the regional average, however most of the larger settlements have some social housing. The population in the district is diverse. Cleckheaton and many of the villages in the Spen Valley have few residents from non-white heritage backgrounds, while Batley has a sizeable number residents with South Asian backgrounds, namely Pakistani (9.2%) and Indian (Gujarati) (15.9%). Heckmondwike also has a well-established South Asian community with 16.9% residents having Pakistani heritage.
The results of the last fifty years show marginal majorities for Labour and for the Conservatives.
1983-1997: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Heckmondwike, and Spen.
1997-2010: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, and Spen.
2010–present: The Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees wards of Batley East, Batley West, Birstall and Birkenshaw, Cleckheaton, Heckmondwike, Liversedge, and Gomersal.
The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the seats of Batley and Morley, Brighouse and Spenborough & Dewsbury. This West Yorkshire constituency covers Batley, Birkenshaw, Birstall, Cleckheaton, East Bierley, Gomersal, Hunsworth, and Liversedge. Traditionally Batley has been inclined to vote Labour, while the other settlements have been more inclined to vote Conservative. The exception is Cleckheaton which has returned Liberal Democrat members for the local council.
The seat swung in Labour's favour in the elections of 1997, 2001 and 2005 though the Conservatives reduced the Labour majority in 2010 with a swing below the national average.
The seat did not exist in its present form prior to 1983. It has seen not insignificant boundary changes during that time - most notably those changes that took effect for the 1997 General Election.
For the purposes of the 2010 general election, a neighbouring town, Heckmondwike was re-added to the constituency having previously been in the seat from its creation in 1983 until 1997 when it was transferred to Dewsbury where it remained for the next 13 years. Heckmondwike ward, also considered to be part of the Spen Valley (although it was never included in the former Spenborough Urban district) has in recent years been a Labour-BNP marginal, especially in the local elections. The BNP's representation in the town was cut in half due to a broad-based community campaign by Labour at the 2008 local council elections which saw the sitting BNP councillor defeated and to date that party's share of the vote has not exceeded 7.1% at General Elections (2010).
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Batley and Spen|
|Liberal Democrat||John Lawson||2,396||4.7||-11.1|
|Patriotic Socialist||Karl Varley||53||0.1||+0.1|
|General Election 2010: Batley and Spen|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Bentley||8,925||17.2||+1.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Batley and Spen|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Bentley||5,731||14.6||+4.3|
|Green||Clive Richard Lord||649||1.7||+0.2|
|General Election 2001: Batley and Spen|
|Liberal Democrat||Kathryn Mary Pinnock||3,989||10.3||+1.5|
|Green||Clive Richard Lord||595||1.5||+0.7|
|UKIP||Allen Frederick Burton||574||1.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Batley and Spen|
|Liberal Democrat||Kathryn Mary Pinnock||4,133||8.8||−1.7|
|Referendum Party||Ed O.C. Wood||1,691||0.5||N/A|
|BNP||Ron A. Smith||472||0.5||N/A|
|Green||Clive Richard Lord||384||0.8||−0.2|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.7|
|General Election 1992 :Batley and Spen|
|Labour||Eunice A. Durkin||26,221||43.1||+2.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon J. Beever||6,380||10.5||−3.8|
|Green||Clive Richard Lord||628||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Batley and Spen|
|Social Democratic||Keith Burke||8,372||14.3||−7.2|
|Moderate Labour||Allan Harrison||689||1.2||N/A|
|General Election 1983: Batley and Spen|
|Social Democratic||Stephen Woollery||11,678||21.5||N/A|
|Ecology||Clive Richard Lord||493||0.9||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Batley and Spen: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 census
- Kirklees Census 2001
- Kirklees Election Results 2007
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Batley & Spen". BBC News. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Batley & Spen". Census 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.