Batman franchise media
|Adaptations of Batman in other media|
|Created by||Bob Kane
|Original source||Comics published by DC Comics|
|First appearance||Detective Comics #27 (May 1939)|
|Novel(s)||Batman: Dead White|
|Reference book(s)||Batman: The Complete History
The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual
|Films and television|
Batman: Mask of the Phantasm
The Batman/Superman Hour
Batman: The Animated Series
The Batman (2004)
Batman: The Brave and the Bold
|Musical(s)||Batman: The Musical|
|Radio show(s)||The Adventures of Superman
Batman: The Lazarus Syndrome
|Video game(s)||Batman (1986)
The Adventures of Batman & Robin
Lego Batman: The Video Game
Batman: Arkham Asylum
Since his first appearance in 1939, Batman has been adapted into such media as film, radio, television, and video games, as well as numerous merchandising items.
- 1943: Batman, 15-chapter serial starring Lewis Wilson as Batman and Douglas Croft as Robin
- 1949: Batman and Robin, 15-chapter serial starring Robert Lowery as Batman and Johnny Duncan as Robin
- 1966: Batman, feature film based on the contemporaneous Batman television series; starring Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, Cesar Romero as the Joker, Burgess Meredith as the Penguin, Frank Gorshin as the Riddler, and Lee Meriweather as Catwoman
- 1989: Batman, directed by Tim Burton; starring Michael Keaton as Batman, Jack Nicholson as the Joker, and Kim Basinger as Vicki Vale
- 1992: Batman Returns, directed by Tim Burton; starring Michael Keaton as Batman, Michelle Pfeiffer as Catwoman, Danny DeVito as the Penguin, and Christopher Walken as Max Shreck
- 1993: Batman: Mask of the Phantasm, an animated feature tie-in for Batman: The Animated Series; starring Kevin Conroy as Batman, Mark Hamill as the Joker, and Dana Delany as Andrea Beaumont/The Phantasm
- 1995: Batman Forever, directed by Joel Schumacher; starring Val Kilmer as Batman, Chris O'Donnell as Robin, Nicole Kidman as Chase Meridian, Tommy Lee Jones as Two-Face, and Jim Carrey as the Riddler
- 1997: Batman & Robin, directed by Joel Schumacher; starring George Clooney as Batman, Chris O'Donnell as Robin, Alicia Silverstone as Batgirl, Arnold Schwarzenegger as Mr. Freeze, Uma Thurman as Poison Ivy and Robert Swenson as Bane
- 2005: Batman Begins, directed by Christopher Nolan; starring Christian Bale as Batman, Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth, Gary Oldman as James Gordon, Katie Holmes as Rachel Dawes, Liam Neeson as Henri Ducard/Ra's al Ghul, Cillian Murphy as the Scarecrow, and Morgan Freeman as Lucius Fox
- 2008: The Dark Knight, directed by Christopher Nolan; starring Christian Bale as Batman, Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth, Gary Oldman as James Gordon, Maggie Gyllenhaal as Rachel Dawes, Aaron Eckhart as Harvey Dent/Two-Face, Heath Ledger as the Joker, and Morgan Freeman as Lucius Fox
- 2012: The Dark Knight Rises, directed by Christopher Nolan; starring Christian Bale as Batman, Michael Caine as Alfred Pennyworth, Gary Oldman as James Gordon, Anne Hathaway as Selina Kyle, Joseph Gordon-Levitt as John Blake, Tom Hardy as Bane, Marion Cotillard as Miranda Tate, and Morgan Freeman as Lucius Fox
Beginning in March 1945, Batman and Robin made regular appearances on the radio drama The Adventures of Superman on the Mutual Broadcasting System. Efforts were made to launch a Batman radio series in 1943 and again in 1950, but neither came to fruition.
A second Maggs production aired on BBC Radio 1 in 1994, this time adapting the comic book storyline Batman: Knightfall. It was adapted, produced and directed by Maggs—with music composed by Mark Russell—who had also made Superman: Doomsday & Beyond on BBC Radio 5. This show, however was not commissioned of its own, but rather to be three-minute episodes on the Mark Goodier Show. This meant it was written with a sense of immediacy; having to make an instant effect and each three-minute segment contains a major plot development or sound effect stunt and ends on a cliffhanger. DC acknowledged the effort in an issue Shadow of The Bat by having villains jump past a sign reading "Dirk Maggs Radio". Michael Gough reprised the role of Alfred Pennyworth from the Burton/Schumacher film series.
- 1966–1968: Batman starring Adam West and Burt Ward as Batman and Robin
- 1972: "Equal pay" Public Service Announcement featuring Dick Gautier as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Yvonne Craig as Batgirl
- 1979: Legends of the Superheroes by Hanna Barbera, featuring West and Ward as Batman and Robin
- 2001: "OnStar" commercials featuring Bruce Thomas as Batman and Michael Gough as Alfred, and followed the visual style of the 1989–1997 film series
- 2002: Birds of Prey, TV series that featured Batman in the first episode, Bruce Thomas reprises his role as Batman
In 1999, Tim McCanlies wrote a pilot script and series bible for a planned series called Bruce Wayne to be produced by Tollin/Robbins Productions. Taking place in his teenage years, the series would cover his passage into young adulthood, training, and development into becoming Batman. Other characters would include Alfred, Sergeant Jim Gordon, law school student Harvey Dent, and a seductive young Selina Kyle. Planned to run for five to six seasons, it would show how he acquired his martial arts skills, his equipment, and detective abilities he would use in his war on crime. It would also focus on topics such as corruption within the board of Wayne Enterprises (an element which found its way into the movie Batman Begins, to some extent) and police affiliation with the mafia. Bruce Wayne was nearing pre-production when Warner Bros. movie division felt it would conflict with the planned Year One movie and scrapped it. The result was Batman Begins and Tollin/Robbins Productions later went to create Smallville, a series about a teenage Clark Kent.
- 1968–69: The Batman/Superman Hour produced by Filmation; featured Batman in Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder segments. Batman segments were later repackaged as The Adventures of Batman and Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder. In this cartoon, Batman is voiced by Olan Soule
- 1972: The New Scooby-Doo Movies produced by Hanna-Barbera; Batman and Robin appeared in episodes "The Dynamic Scooby-Doo Affair" (9/16/72) and "The Caped Crusader Caper" (12/16/72), where Olan Soule first reprises his role as the Caped Crusader.
- 1973–86: Various Super Friends series produced by Hanna-Barbera; Olan Soule again reprises his role as Batman in all but the last two Super Friends series, where he is replaced by Adam West
- 1977–78: The New Adventures of Batman produced by Filmation; while the H-B produced Super Friends ran on ABC, Adam West and Burt Ward (Robin) voiced their previously live-action roles for this CBS cartoon series; later rerun as part of The Batman/Tarzan Adventure Hour (the Tarzan segments had also been previously seen as their own series)
- 1992–2006: The DC animated universe produced by Warner Bros. Animation; Batman is voiced by Kevin Conroy in all appearances
- 1992–95: Batman: The Animated Series; the first series of the DCAU
- 1997–99: Superman: The Animated Series; Batman guest stars in five episodes
- 1997–99: The New Batman Adventures; a continuation of Batman: The Animated Series
- 1999–2001: Batman Beyond; an elderly Bruce Wayne passes the mantle of Batman onto a teenager named Terry McGinnis (voiced by Will Friedle)
- 2001: The Zeta Project; the future Batman guest stars in one episode
- 2001–04: Justice League; the original Batman becomes one of the founding members of the League
- 2002–04: Static Shock; Batman guest stars in multiple episodes
- 2004–06: Justice League Unlimited; a continuation of Justice League
- 1997: He appeared in the Animaniacs episode "Boo Wonder". Adam West reprises his role as the Caped Crusader
- 2004: Teen Titans; Batman appeared in silhouette in the episode "Haunted", in a flashback sequence. He is not voiced by anybody. Nods towards Batman are also present elsewhere in the series.
- 2004–08: The Batman; in this series, Bruce Wayne is a young crime fighter just three years into his career as Batman. He is voiced by Rino Romano.
- 2005–06: In Krypto the Superdog, Batman himself makes no appearances, but his pet dog Ace the Bat-Hound does, although Ace prefers to refer to himself as "Batman's partner," rather than his pet.
- 2008–11: Batman: The Brave and the Bold; based in part on the comic book series of the same name, the series has Batman (voiced by Diedrich Bader) team-up with several other DC Comics heroes.
- 2010–13: Young Justice; the animated series of Young Justice features Justice League members as well as Batman voiced by Bruce Greenwood, who played the role in the animated film Batman: Under the Red Hood.
- 2012: Mad; When their fellow heroes feel under-appreciated, they appeal to Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman about being called "Super Friends."
- 2012: New Teen Titans short, "Red X Unmasked"; a cameo appearance as one of the people under the mask of Red X and says his famous line from Batman: The Animated Series, "I am Vengeance, I am the Night, I am," but his mask comes off before he can say his name (voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson)
- 2013: Teen Titans Go!; he is referenced in episode 1 "Legendary Sandwich" where a cardboard cutout is seen in the supermarket advertising cereal called Batos. This also appears in episode 3 "Drivers Ed". In the same episode Robin is talking to him about the crashed Batmobile on the phone telling him its just a scratch (and then it blows up). Batman is mentioned by name in episode 4 "Raven's Daddy Dearest" where Trigon makes a joke about him. In "La Larva de Amor", Batman and Commissioner James Gordon make cameos on fishing boat while Silkie was drifting out to sea. In "Gorilla", when Batman calls the Titans on their holographic message machine, Beast Boy (in his gorilla form) gets into a violent rage from being waken from his nap and smashes the machine. At the end of the episode, Batman calls the Titans again, but Cyborg, Starfire, and Raven are startled by the noise and act like monkeys while smashing the machine again.
- 2013: Beware the Batman; a CGI animated series that will feature Katana as Batman's sidekick.
- 1998: Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero, part of Batman: The Animated Series with Kevin Conroy voicing Batman.
- 2000: Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, part of Batman Beyond with Kevin Conroy voicing Bruce Wayne/Batman and Will Friedle voicing the new Batman.
- 2003: Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman, part of The New Batman Adventures with Kevin Conroy voicing Batman.
- 2005: The Batman vs. Dracula, part of The Batman with Rino Romano voicing Batman.
- 2008: Justice League: The New Frontier, based on comic book with Jeremy Sisto voicing Batman.
- 2008: Batman: Gotham Knight, tie-in to Christopher Nolan's Batman films with Kevin Conroy voicing Batman.
- 2009: Superman/Batman: Public Enemies, based on comic book with Kevin Conroy voicing Batman.
- 2010: Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths, loose adaptation of various JL media with William Baldwin voicing Batman.
- 2010: Batman: Under the Red Hood, based on comic book with Bruce Greenwood voicing Batman.
- 2010: Superman/Batman: Apocalypse, based on comic book and sequel to Public Enemies with Kevin Conroy voicing Batman.
- 2010: DC Super Friends, based on the Fisher-Price toyline with Daran Norris voicing Batman.
- 2011: Batman: Year One, based on comic book with Benjamin McKenzie voicing Batman.
- 2012: Justice League: Doom, loose adaptation of various JL media with Kevin Conroy voicing Batman.
- 2012–13: Batman: The Dark Knight Returns, two-part adaption based on comic book with Peter Weller voicing Batman.
- 2013: Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox, based on the storyline with Kevin Conroy voicing Bruce Wayne/Batman and Kevin McKidd as Thomas Wayne/Batman.
From 1943 to 1946, Batman and Robin appeared in a syndicated daily newspaper comic strip produced by the McClure Syndicate. Other versions appeared in 1953, 1966, and 1989. The original run is collected in the book Batman: The Dailies. One more comic strip series ran briefly after the success of the 1989 film.
Batman appears in a novel by cyberpunk/horror novelist John Shirley, entitled Batman: Dead White from Del Rey. Many other novels and short story collections featuring Batman have been published over the years, including novelizations of each of the recent movies (such as Batman and The Dark Knight Rises) and many of the comic book arcs.
There are also several more scholarly works, aimed at either Batman's history or art, such as Les Daniels' Batman: The Complete History or Will Brooker's Batman Unmasked: Analysing a Cultural Icon. and compilations such as Batman: Cover to Cover : The Greatest Comic Book Covers of the Dark Knight. In 2004, The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual, written by Scott Beatty was published by Quirk Books (ISBN 1-59474-023-2). Written in the same style as The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook series, the book explained the basics on how to be Batman. Amongst the skills included in the book are "How to Train a Sidekick", "How to Execute a Backflip", "How to Throw a Grappling Hook", and "How to Survive a Poison Gas Attack". Finally, there are of course countless sticker, coloring, activity, and other children's books featuring the Dark Knight.
- Batman: Child of Dreams by Kia Asamiya—manga
- Batman: Death Mask by Yoshinori Natsume—manga
- Bat-Manga!: The Secret History of Batman in Japan by Jiro Kuwata—manga
- Batman trong Hőtữ Thần by Nguyễn Th—Vietnamese comics
- Batman: God of Africa—manhua
Several musical singles featuring cast members of the television show singing in-character were released in 1966: Burgess Meredith as the Penguin in "The Capture" and "The Escape", Frank Gorshin as the Riddler in "The Riddler", and Adam West as Batman in "Miranda". In 1976 West performed a pair of novelty songs, "The Story of Batman" and "Batman and Robin", for Target Records. All six of these recordings (sans the b-sides to Gorshin and West's singles) were later included on the 1997 compilation, Batmania: Songs Inspired by Batman TV Series.
Following the popularity of the Adam West television series, a pair of LPs were released in 1966 on MGM's "Leo the Lion" label. Each contained three dramatizations, including stories adapted from Batman comic books:
- The Official Adventures Of Batman And Robin:
- The Legend of Batman and Robin
- The Penguin's Plunder
- The Joker's Revenge
- More Official Adventures of Batman & Robin:
- The Marriage of Batman and Batwoman
- The Fake Boy Wonder
- When Batman Became a Coward
45 rpm book and record sets:
- Batman: Stacked Cards
- Batman: Robin Meets Man-Bat
7" 33⅓ rpm records no comic:
- Batman: If Music be the Food of Death
- Batman: The Scarecrow's Mirages
- Batman: Catwoman's Revenge
33⅓ rpm 12 book and record sets:
- Batman: Gorilla City & Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse
- Batman (Collects Stacked Cards, The Scarecrow's Mirage, Challenge of the Catwoman, If Music Be the Food of Death)
- Batman (Collects Robin Meets Man Bat, Gorilla City, Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse, The Catwoman's Revenge)
- A Super Hero Christmas (segment Batman: Christmas Carol Caper)
The 1980 mini-series, The Untold Legend of the Batman was available in a special "MPI Audio Edition." Each of the three issues were accompanied by an audio cassette containing a performance of the text of the issue, with musical cues.
As part of its DC Superheroes collection, in 1982 Fisher-Price released Batman: The Case of the Laughing Sphinx, an audio cassette accompanied by a hard back illustrated book.
In 2007, the audiobook publisher GraphicAudio licensed DC Comics properties to adapt as audiodramas. They have produced three adaptations of Batman novels: Batman: Dead White by John Shirley, Batman: Inferno by Alex Irvine, and Alan Grant's Batman: The Stone King. Batman also appears as a supporting cast member in the GraphicAudio's adaptations of Crisis on Infinite Earths, Infinite Crisis and JLA: Exterminators.
Several Batman video games were created:
- Batman (1986) for the ZX Spectrum, MSX and Amstrad PCW; now known as Batman 3D
- Batman: The Caped Crusader (1988) for various 8-bit and 16-bit platforms
- Batman (1989) for Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), Atari Lynx, Commodore Amiga, Sinclair ZX Spectrum and other platforms. (In October 1989, the Amiga 500 was bundled with this game as part of the Batman Pack, which was sold in the United Kingdom and was a phenomenal success)
- Batman: Return of the Joker (1991) for Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) and Game Boy
- Batman Returns (1993) for Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), Super NES, Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, Sega CD, Sega Game Gear, and Atari Lynx
- Batman: The Animated Series (1993) for Game Boy
- Batman & Robin: The Animated Series (1993) for Game Gear
- The Adventures of Batman & Robin (1994) for Super NES, Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, Sega CD, and Sega Game Gear
- Batman Forever (1996) for Super Nintendo (Super NES), Game Boy, Mega Drive/Sega Genesis, and Sega Game Gear
- Batman Forever: The Arcade Game (1996) for Arcade, PlayStation and Sega Saturn
- Batman & Robin (1997) for the Tiger Game.com and the PlayStation
- Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker (2000) for the Nintendo 64 and the PlayStation
- Batman: Chaos in Gotham (2001) for Game Boy Color
- Batman: Gotham City Racer (2001) A racing game for the PlayStation
- Batman: Vengeance (2001) for the Nintendo GameCube, PlayStation 2, PC, Game Boy Advance and Xbox
- Batman: Dark Tomorrow (2003) for Xbox and Nintendo GameCube
- Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu (2004) for the PlayStation 2, Xbox, the Nintendo GameCube and Game Boy Advance
- Batman Begins (2005) for the PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo GameCube and Game Boy Advance (2005)
- Lego Batman: The Video Game (2008) A video game in the style of Lego Star Wars based on the LEGO Batman toyline (vocals by Steven Blum)
- Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009) for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Windows PC
- Batman: The Brave and the Bold – The Videogame (2010) for the Wii and Nintendo DS
- Batman: Arkham City (2011) The sequel to Batman: Arkham Asylum. For the Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Windows PC and Wii U
- Lego Batman 2: DC Superheroes (2012) The sequel to Lego Batman: The Video Game
- Batman: Arkham City Lockdown
- Gotham City Impostors (2012) A downloadable multi-player first-person shooter game via PlayStation Network, Xbox Live Arcade and Games for Windows Live; a "team deathmatch" game, with one team dressed like Batman and the other dressed like The Joker
- Injustice: Gods Among Us (2013): Batman is again voiced by Kevin Conroy.
- Batman: Arkham Origins (2013) Prequel to Arkham Asylum and Arkham City for Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Windows PC and Wii U.
- Batman: Arkham Origins Blackgate (2013) 2.5D platform game for Nintendo 3DS and PlayStation Vita.
Batman appears in the Justice League Task Force Super Nintendo fighting game, a pair of Justice League games for Game Boy Advance, and an arcade game based on the Tim Burton film. He appears in the Justice League Heroes game for PS2, Xbox, and PSP and has appeared in the crossover game Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe. A game adaptation of the 2008 film The Dark Knight was planned, but was ultimately cancelled after the bankruptcy of the Pandemic studio working on it. Batman has also appeared as a non-player character in the MMORPG DC Universe Online. He is one of the three available "mentors" for the player, choosing him as a mentor will open an exclusive storyline and exclusive missions. Batman can be unlocked to use in Legends PVP matches with two available appearances: the normal Batman or Future Batman, wearing a grey plated armor instead of a suit, and a helmet instead of just a cowl.
The Revenge of Shinobi features a non-authorized Batman as a boss. The 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System game Final Fantasy features "Badman", a character with strong resemblances to Batman, as one of the enemies of the final area.
While a parody of a Batman musical was featured in one of the most recent series' comics, in 2002, Jim Steinman, David Ives, and Tim Burton had worked on a theatre production called Batman: The Musical although it was ultimately cancelled. Steinman has revealed five songs from the musical. The first is the opening theme for "Gotham City" and the entry of Batman with his tortured solo "The Graveyard Shift"; followed by "The Joker's Song (Where Does He Get All Those Wonderful Toys?)", "The Catwoman's Song (I Need All The Love I Can Get)", "We're Still The Children We Once Were" (the climactic sequence) and "In The Land Of The Pig The Butcher Is King", sung by the corrupt blood-suckers ruling Gotham, covered on the Meat Loaf album Bat Out of Hell III: The Monster Is Loose. These songs can be heard at the Batman: The Musical memorial site, Dark Knight of the Soul
A Batman musical is also parodied in the animated series Batman Beyond. The episode "Out of the Past", (first aired October 21, 2000) opens with Bruce Wayne and Terry McGinnis attending a performance of (a fictional) Batman: The Musical, featuring caricatures of prominent members of the Rogues Gallery (the Joker, the Penguin, Two-Face, Catwoman, Poison Ivy, and Harley Quinn). Series creator Paul Dini, who wrote the episode in question, also wrote a song for the fictitious musical entitled Superstitious and Cowardly Lot.
A live stage show was also created, called Batman Live: World Tour. The show is a unique fusion of live action theatre, magic, stunts, digital projection and music from an 85 piece orchestra and choir. The tour began at Manchester, UK in Summer 2011 and is set to tour arenas throughout the UK and Europe before arriving in North America by Summer 2012.
In 2012, the Internet theatre troupe StarKid Productions created a musical titled Holy Musical B@man!, which went on YouTube on April 13. It was performed in Chicago from March 16–25, and because of copyright laws, tickets were free. Batman is portrayed by Joseph (Joe) Walker.
Games, action figures, and other toys
- Ideal—Captain Action
- Mego—Action figures and dolls
- Corgi—Die-cast metal vehicles
- Remco—Playsets and roleplaying toys
- Toy Biz—Action figures
- Ertl—Die-cast figures & vehicles and model kits
- Applause—PVC figures and dolls
- Hasbro—Action figures
- Monogram—Bobble heads
- Mattel—Action figures and jigsaw puzzles
- Lego—Building bricks and minifigures
Batman has appeared as a HeroClix figure along with other Batman characters in the following HeroClix sets:
- Death Battle, episode: "Batman vs Spider-Man" – A YouTube series by ScrewAttack where they pit two fictional characters into a virtual simulated battle to the death like that of Deadliest Warrior. Both Batman and Spider-Man fought a hypothetical battle, and Spider-Man won.
Theme park attractions
Several Six Flags theme parks, formerly owned by Warner Bros., opened live-action "Batman Stunt Shows" as the movies increased in popularity. The now closed Six Flags Astroworld in Houston, Texas was home to a standing roller coaster known as Batman: The Escape. Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas is home to two roller coasters called Mr. Freeze, and Batman: The Ride. Six Flags México in Mexico City, Mexico has also a looping, suspended roller coaster named Batman: The Ride (Six Flags St. Louis has the same ride, as does Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois) as well as twin roller coasters named Batman and Robin: The Chiller. On the latter attraction, riders may ride on either the Batman or Robin versions of the coaster. But unfortunately in the 2007 off-season, the ride was removed after a long history of technical difficulties and occasionally breaking down. Six Flags Over Georgia contains a Gotham City area that contains the same Batman: The Ride and also features a looping coaster called The Mindbender that was adapted to fit the color tone of the Riddler after Batman Forever came out to fit the Gotham City section of the park it shares with Batman: The Ride. Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California has two Batman-themed coasters, the suspended coaster Batman: The Ride, and The Riddler's Revenge, a stand-up type roller coaster. This Six Flags park also features an entire themed area called "Gotham City" complete with architecture to match that of the fictional Gotham City. Warner Bros. Movie World in the Gold Coast, Australia, also has two Batman-themed rides. Batman Adventure – The Ride, revamped in 2001, is a motion simulator style simulator ride while Batwing Spaceshot is a vertical free-fall ride.
In 2008, The Dark Knight Coaster opened in Six Flags Great Adventure and Six Flags Great America. Based on The Dark Knight film, they are Wild Mouse roller coasters, indoors, heavily themed, and give riders a feeling that they are being stalked by the Joker. Six Flags New England was originally going to receive this roller coaster; however, due to problems with building permits, the park scratched the project and then sent the coaster to Six Flags México.
- Batman (disambiguation)
- Robin in other media
- Barbara Gordon in other media
- Joker in other media
- Bane in other media
- Fitzpatrick, Kevin (2010-07-23). "Comic-Con 2010: Young Justice Goes Under Cover". UGO Networks. Archived from the original on 26 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
- Harvey, James (2011-10-04). ""Beware The Batman" CGI Animated Series Coming For 2013, "DC Nation" Updates". Worldsfinestonline.com. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- "Fansite For Batman Comics, Toys, Figures, News and more!". Batman YTB. 2010-06-23. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, page 1359; edited by Richard Ellman and Robert O'Clair; published 1973 by W.W. Norton and co.
- "The Power Records Pages • Discography". Runstop.de. 2006-09-30. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- Gareth Knight (2002-06-17). "A500 Batman Bundle". Amigahistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See "LEGO Batman: Character Gallery", Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 92.
- "News: Batman in new Mortal Kombat - fatalities OUT". ComputerAndVideoGames.com. 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- "Death Battle! Episode: Batman vs Spider-Man". ScrewAttack. August 10, 2012. Retrieved 2013-05-09.
- Warner Bros. official Batman.com
- Warner Bros. official Batman Shop
- Batman Begins official site
- The New Batman Adventures—Official Warner Bros. site
- Batman: The Animated Series—Official site
- Batman Beyond—Official site
- Dark Knight of the Soul (Batman: The Musical Memorial)—Collects all known information about this canceled project, as well as Steinman's demo recordings
- Batman Films and TV series at the Internet Movie Database
- Encyclopedia of Television
- —The Batman fanmade series official site