Bats of the Caribbean

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The bat fauna of the Caribbean region is diverse.

For the purposes of this article, the "Caribbean" includes all islands in the Caribbean Sea (except for small islets close to the mainland) and the Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands, and Barbados, which are not in the Caribbean Sea but biogeographically belong to the same Caribbean bioregion.

Overview[edit]

The genera of Caribbean bats are classified as follows:[1]

Greater Antilles and associated islands[edit]

The four islands of the Greater Antilles, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico, and the surrounding smaller islands are home to a diverse indigenous bat fauna.

Cuba[edit]

Cuba, the largest of the Antilles, and its surrounding islands, of which the Isla de la Juventud is the most significant, harbor a diverse bat fauna.

Isla de la Juventud[edit]

Isla de la Juventud is a large island south of Cuba and politically part of it.

Grand Cayman[edit]

Grand Cayman is the largest of the Cayman Islands, a group of British islands west of Jamaica and south of Cuba.

Little Cayman[edit]

Little Cayman, also part of the Cayman Islands, is located east of Grand Cayman and just west of Cayman Brac.

Cayman Brac[edit]

Cayman Brac is the easternmost of the Cayman Islands.

Jamaica[edit]

Navassa Island[edit]

Navassa Island is a small United States island between Jamaica and Hispaniola.

Hispaniola[edit]

Hispaniola, the second largest of the Antilles, is politically divided into Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Various bats are known from both the main island and several surrounding islands, including Gonâve Island.

Gonâve[edit]

Gonâve Island is an island off western Haiti.

Puerto Rico[edit]

Several bats are known from Puerto Rico, the easternmost of the Greater Antilles, which is under United States sovereignty.

Leeward Islands[edit]

The Leeward Islands form the northern segment of the Lesser Antilles.

U.S. Virgin Islands[edit]

The United States Virgin Islands are a group of islands east of Puerto Rico, centered around the three main islands of Saint Thomas, Saint John and Saint Croix.

St. Croix[edit]

St. Thomas[edit]

St. John[edit]

British Virgin Islands[edit]

Anguilla[edit]

Anguilla is a British island.

Saint Martin[edit]

The island of Saint Martin is divided into a French and a Dutch part.

Saint Barthelemy[edit]

Saba[edit]

Sint Eustatius[edit]

Sint Eustatius is a small island near Saint Kitts that is part of the Netherlands.

Saint Kitts[edit]

Saint Kitts forms the nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis together with nearby Nevis.

Nevis[edit]

Nevis is the second main island of Saint Kitts and Nevis.

Antigua[edit]

Antigua forms Antigua and Barbuda together with Barbuda.

Barbuda[edit]

Barbuda is the other main island of Antigua and Barbuda.

Montserrat[edit]

Montserrat is a small British island.

Guadeloupe[edit]

The double island of Guadeloupe, which consists of two parts separated only by a narrow channel, is the core of the French overseas department of Guadeloupe.

La Désirade[edit]

La Désirade is a small island east of Guadeloupe.

Marie Galante[edit]

Marie Galante is a smaller island that politically belongs to nearby Guadeloupe.

Dominica[edit]

Dominica, the southernmost of the Leeward Islands, is an independent state.

Windward Islands[edit]

The bat fauna of the Windward Islands is more diverse than that of the Leeward Islands, reflecting the islands' location closer to the South American mainland.

Martinique[edit]

Martinique is a French overseas department.

Saint Lucia[edit]

The island of Saint Lucia is an independent state.

Saint Vincent[edit]

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an independent state, composed of the main island of Saint Vincent and the northern portion of the Grenadines.

Grenadines[edit]

Grenada[edit]

The island of Grenada, the southernmost of the main island chain of the Lesser Antilles, is part of an independent state that also comprises the southern Grenadines, including Carriacou.

Barbados[edit]

Barbados lies east of the main island chain of the Lesser Antilles.

Trinidad[edit]

Trinidad, the larger island of Trinidad and Tobago, is close to mainland Venezuela and as a result has a very diverse bat fauna, including over 60 species, more than on any other Caribbean island, including much larger islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola.[88]

Tobago[edit]

Tobago is the smaller of the main islands of Trinidad and Tobago, located to the northeast of Trinidad.

ABC islands[edit]

The ABC islands are three islands off northwestern Venezuela that are part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Bonaire[edit]

Bonaire is the easternmost of the ABC islands.

Curaçao[edit]

Curaçao is the largest of the ABC islands.

Aruba[edit]

Aruba is the smallest of the ABC islands and the closest to the mainland.

Miscellaneous[edit]

Florida Keys[edit]

The Florida Keys are a group of islands near the Florida mainland.

Bahamas[edit]

The Bahamas are a large archipelago north of Cuba and east of Florida.

Turks and Caicos Islands[edit]

The Turks and Caicos Islands are a group of British islands east of the Bahamas.

Cozumel[edit]

Cozumel is a large island near the mainland of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. In addition to the species listed here, Centurio senex, a species of Corynorhinus (possibly C. mexicanus), Glossophaga soricina, Mimon cozumelae, and Molossus rufus have also been mentioned for the island, but the specimens these records were based on may have come from mainland Mexico instead.[159]

Lighthouse Reef[edit]

Lighthouse Reef is a coral atoll off Belize.

Roatán[edit]

Roatán is a Honduran island in the southern Caribbean.

San Andrés[edit]

San Andrés is a Colombian island, part of the department of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina, isolated in the southwestern Caribbean.

Providencia[edit]

Providencia, also known as Old Providence, is another Colombian island in the San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina department.

Escudo de Veraguas[edit]

Escudo de Veraguas is a small island off northwestern Panama. Despite the fact that it has been isolated from the mainland for only 9000 years, it supports at least two mammals that occur nowhere else, including the bat Artibeus incomitatus and a sloth, Bradypus pygmaeus.[168] Several other mammals on the island also differ from mainland forms.[169]

Isla Margarita[edit]

Isla Margarita is the largest island of Venezuela. Like Trinidad and Tobago, Isla Margarita is a land-bridge island with a relatively diverse bat fauna.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Simmons, 2005
  2. ^ Antrozous pallidus in IUCN, 2009
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp Morgan, 2001, table 1
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Artibeus jamaicensis in IUCN, 2009
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae P.A. Larsen et al., 2007
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy Timm and Genoways, 2003
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Brachyphylla nana in IUCN, 2009
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay Genoways et al., 2005
  9. ^ a b c d e Chilonatalus micropus in IUCN, 2009
  10. ^ Mancina and García-Rivera, 2005
  11. ^ Suárez, 2005
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Eptesicus fuscus in IUCN, 2009
  13. ^ a b c d e f Erophylla sezekorni in IUCN, 2009
  14. ^ a b Eumops glaucinus in IUCN, 2009
  15. ^ a b McDonough et al., 2008
  16. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 438
  17. ^ Lasiurus insularis in IUCN, 2009
  18. ^ a b c d Simmons, 2005, p. 460
  19. ^ Lasiurus pfeifferi in IUCN, 2009
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i Macrotus waterhousii in IUCN, 2009
  21. ^ a b c d Simmons, 2005, p. 407
  22. ^ a b c d e Monophyllus redmani in IUCN, 2009
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mormoops blainvillei in IUCN, 2009
  24. ^ Mormopterus minutus in IUCN, 2009
  25. ^ a b Natalus primus in IUCN, 2009
  26. ^ a b c d Tejedor et al., 2005, p. 22
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Noctilio leporinus in IUCN, 2009
  28. ^ Nycticeius cubanus in IUCN, 2009
  29. ^ a b c Nyctiellus lepidus in IUCN, 2009
  30. ^ a b Nyctinomops laticaudatus in IUCN, 2009
  31. ^ a b c Nyctinomops macrotis in IUCN, 2009
  32. ^ a b c Phyllonycteris poeyi in IUCN, 2009
  33. ^ a b c d e Phyllops falcatus in IUCN, 2009
  34. ^ a b c Tavares and Mancina, 2008
  35. ^ a b c Suárez and Díaz-Franco, 2003
  36. ^ a b c d Pteronotus macleayii in IUCN, 2009
  37. ^ a b Mancinna, 2005
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h Pteronotus parnellii in IUCN, 2009
  39. ^ a b c d e Pteronotus quadridens in IUCN, 2009
  40. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Tadarida brasiliensis in IUCN, 2009
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Morgan, 1994a
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Morgan, 1994b
  43. ^ Ariteus flavescens in IUCN, 2009
  44. ^ a b Eumops auripendulus in IUCN, 2009
  45. ^ a b Simmons, 2005, p. 437
  46. ^ a b c d Glossophaga soricina in IUCN, 2009
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Simmons, 2005, p. 400
  48. ^ Lasiurus degelidus in IUCN, 2009
  49. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 459
  50. ^ Natalus jamaicensis in IUCN, 2009
  51. ^ Phyllonycteris aphylla in IUCN, 2009
  52. ^ a b Erophylla bombifrons in IUCN, 2009
  53. ^ a b c Lasiurus minor in IUCN, 2009
  54. ^ Natalus major in IUCN, 2009
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Brachyphylla cavernarum in IUCN, 2009
  56. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Monophyllus plethodon in IUCN, 2009
  57. ^ a b c Stenoderma rufum in IUCN, 2009
  58. ^ Kwiecinski and Coles, 2007
  59. ^ a b c d e f Genoways et al., 2007a
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Pedersen et al., 2006
  61. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Natalus stramineus in IUCN, 2009
  62. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Tejedor, 2006, p. 367
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i Genoways et al., 2007b
  64. ^ a b c d e Myotis nigricans in IUCN, 2009
  65. ^ a b c d e Larsen et al., 2006
  66. ^ a b c d e f g Genoways et al., 2007c
  67. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ardops nichollsi in IUCN, 2009
  68. ^ a b c d e f g Pedersen et al., 2005
  69. ^ a b c d e f g h Pedersen et al., 2001
  70. ^ a b c d e f g Pedersen et al., 2007
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j R.J. Larsen et al., 2007
  72. ^ a b Chiroderma improvisum in IUCN, 2009
  73. ^ Pedersen et al., 1996
  74. ^ a b Sturnira thomasi in IUCN, 2009
  75. ^ a b c d e f g h i Genoways, 1998
  76. ^ Eptesicus guadeloupensis in IUCN, 2009
  77. ^ a b Myotis dominicensis in IUCN, 2009
  78. ^ a b c Pteronotus davyi in IUCN, 2009
  79. ^ a b c d e f g h Sturnira lilium in IUCN, 2009
  80. ^ a b Myotis martiniquensis in IUCN, 2009
  81. ^ a b c d Artibeus lituratus in IUCN, 2009
  82. ^ a b c d e f g h i Glossophaga longirostris in IUCN, 2009
  83. ^ a b c d e Simmons, 2005, p. 508
  84. ^ a b Anoura geoffroyi in IUCN, 2009
  85. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Genoways et al., 1998
  86. ^ a b c d e Peropteryx trinitatis in IUCN, 2009
  87. ^ a b c d e f g Simmons, 2005, p. 390
  88. ^ Geluso et al., 2005, pp. 1–2; Simmons, 2005
  89. ^ a b Ametrida centurio in IUCN, 2009
  90. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs Goodwin and Greenhall, 1961, table 2
  91. ^ a b Gardner, 2007, p. 316
  92. ^ a b Simmons, 2005, p. 419
  93. ^ Carollia brevicauda in IUCN, 2009
  94. ^ Carollia perspicillata in IUCN, 2009
  95. ^ a b Gardner, 2007, p. 214
  96. ^ a b Centurio senex in IUCN, 2009
  97. ^ Chiroderma trinitatum in IUCN, 2009
  98. ^ a b Chiroderma villosum in IUCN, 2009
  99. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 399
  100. ^ Cynomops greenhalli in IUCN, 2009
  101. ^ a b Desmodus rotundus in IUCN, 2009
  102. ^ a b Diaemus youngi in IUCN, 2009
  103. ^ Diclidurus albus in IUCN, 2009
  104. ^ a b Simmons, 2005, p. 422
  105. ^ a b Eptesicus brasiliensis in IUCN, 2009
  106. ^ Furipterus horrens in IUCN, 2009
  107. ^ Glyphonycteris daviesi in IUCN, 2009
  108. ^ a b c Simmons, 2005, p. 404
  109. ^ Glyphonycteris sylvestris in IUCN, 2009
  110. ^ Lampronycteris brachyotis in IUCN, 2009
  111. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 458
  112. ^ Lasiurus ega in IUCN, 2009
  113. ^ a b Lonchorhina aurita in IUCN, 2009
  114. ^ Lophostoma brasiliense in IUCN, 2009
  115. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 406
  116. ^ Mesophylla macconnelli in IUCN, 2009
  117. ^ Micronycteris hirsuta in IUCN, 2009
  118. ^ Gardner, 2007, p. 275
  119. ^ a b Micronycteris megalotis in IUCN, 2009
  120. ^ Micronycteris minuta in IUCN, 2009
  121. ^ Mimon crenulatum in IUCN, 2009
  122. ^ a b c d e f Molossus molossus in IUCN, 2009
  123. ^ Molossus rufus in IUCN, 2009
  124. ^ Molossus sinaloae in IUCN, 2009
  125. ^ a b c d e Mormoops megalophylla in IUCN, 2009
  126. ^ Myotis keaysi in IUCN, 2009
  127. ^ Myotis riparius in IUCN, 2009
  128. ^ a b c d Natalus tumidirostris in IUCN, 2009
  129. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 447
  130. ^ a b Phyllostomus discolor in IUCN, 2009
  131. ^ a b c Phyllostomus hastatus in IUCN, 2009
  132. ^ Platyrrhinus helleri in IUCN, 2009
  133. ^ Promops centralis in IUCN, 2009
  134. ^ Promops nasutus in IUCN, 2009
  135. ^ Pteronotus personatus in IUCN, 2009
  136. ^ a b Rhogeessa io in IUCN, 2009
  137. ^ Baird et al., 2008, p. 749
  138. ^ Rhynchonycteris naso in IUCN, 2009
  139. ^ a b Saccopteryx bilineata in IUCN, 2009
  140. ^ a b c Saccopteryx leptura in IUCN, 2009
  141. ^ Thyroptera tricolor in IUCN, 2009
  142. ^ Tonatia saurophila in IUCN, 2009
  143. ^ Trachops cirrhosus in IUCN, 2009
  144. ^ Trinycteris nicefori in IUCN, 2009
  145. ^ Uroderma bilobatum in IUCN, 2009
  146. ^ a b Vampyrodes caraccioli in IUCN, 2009
  147. ^ Vampyrum spectrum in IUCN, 2009
  148. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 431
  149. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Koopman, 1959, p. 238
  150. ^ a b c d Leptonycteris curasoae in IUCN, 2009
  151. ^ a b c Myotis nesopolus in IUCN, 2009
  152. ^ a b c d e f g h Petit, 1996
  153. ^ a b c d e f g Bakker, 1999
  154. ^ Whitaker and Hamilton, 1998, p. 78
  155. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 440
  156. ^ Lazell, 1989, p. 70
  157. ^ Lazell, 1989, p. 71
  158. ^ Chilonatalus tumidifrons in IUCN, 2009
  159. ^ Jones and Lawlor, 1965, p. 418
  160. ^ a b c d Engstrom et al., 1989
  161. ^ a b c d Jones and Lawlor, 1965, p. 412
  162. ^ a b c d e f g h i Koopman, 1959, p. 237
  163. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 458, for taxonomy
  164. ^ Jones and Lawlor, 1965, p. 413
  165. ^ Tejedor, 2007, for taxonomy
  166. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 447, for taxonomy
  167. ^ Simmons, 2005, p. 441, for taxonomy
  168. ^ Anderson and Handley, 2001
  169. ^ a b c d e f g Kalko and Handley, 1994, p. 270

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