Master of Puppets
|Master of Puppets|
|Studio album by Metallica|
|Released||February 24, 1986|
|Recorded||September 1Sweet Silence Studios in Copenhagen, Denmark–December 27, 1985 at|
|Producer||Metallica, Flemming Rasmussen|
|Singles from Master of Puppets|
Master of Puppets is the third studio album by the American heavy metal band Metallica. It was released on February 24, 1986, and was the band's last album to feature bassist Cliff Burton, who died in a bus crash in Sweden while touring to promote the album. The album peaked at number 29 on the Billboard 200 chart. It was the first thrash metal album to be certified platinum, and on June 9, 2003, it was certified six times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), having shipped six million copies in the United States.
Master of Puppets was released to rave reviews from music critics and has been included in several publications' best album lists. Its driving, virtuosic music and angry political lyrics drew praise from critics outside of the metal community. The album is widely accepted as the band's strongest effort at the time, and serves as one of the most influential thrash metal albums of all time. Many bands from all genres of heavy metal have covered the album's songs throughout the years, including tribute albums as well. Since the beginning of the SoundScan era in 1991, Master of Puppets has sold 4,578,000 copies.
The front cover depicts a cemetery field of white crosses tethered to strings manipulated by a pair of hands in a blood-red sky. The album's cover concept was invented by Metallica and Peter Mensch, while the cover artwork was painted by Don Brautigam, who had worked with bands such as AC/DC, ZZ Top and The Rolling Stones. The original artwork was later auctioned at Rockefeller Plaza, New York City for the price between $20,000 and $30,000.
Background and recording
In the fall of 1984, Metallica signed with Electra Records. The label re-released Ride the Lightning on November 16, and they began touring larger venues and festivals throughout 1985. After letting their former manager Johny Zazula go, they hired Q Prime's Cliff Burnstein and Peter Mensch. During a busy summer, they played the Monsters of Rock festival at Castle Donington with Bon Jovi and Ratt in front of 70,000 fans.
The group began to write new material in the early weeks of the summer of 1985. Lars Ulrich and James Hetfield initially retreated to the garage at El Cerrito alone, roughing out early demos before inviting Cliff Burton and Kirk Hammett down to jam along with some ideas of their own. As a result, the Hetfield and Ulrich monikers would adorn all eight of the tracks that would make up the next album, already titled Master of Puppets. Editor Tom King said that Metallica "were at incredible song-writing peak" during the recording sessions of the album, partially because Cliff Burton himself contributed a lot in writing the songs. Hetfield and Ulrich described that the process of writing a Metallica album begins with "guitar riffs, assembled and reassembled until they start to sound like a song". After that the band comes up with a title and a topic, and Hetfield then works on turning the title into a song.
In the fall of 1985, they returned to Copenhagen to record Master of Puppets with Flemming Rasmussen. Metallica started to record this album in Denmark, September 1985, and ended the recording session with Flemming Rasmussen on 27 December the same year. Describing the recording process, producer Rasmussen said that "Metallica, in that period, made very good demos, and all of the songs were composed, arranged, and recorded on a very good demo. When we changed any of the songs, most changes were only slight." In an recent interview for magazine Rolling Stone, Kirk Hammett shared his experience saying "at the time we were just making another album" and that the band "had no idea that the record would have such a range of influence that it went on to have". He further said that the group was "definitely peaking" at the time and that the album had "the sound of a band really gelling, really learning how to work well together". Unfortunately, Flemming and Metallica did not manage to complete the mix tapes to their mutual satisfaction. Instead, the master tapes were handed over to Michael Wagener in January 1986. Wagener, who previously has had production experience with Mötley Crüe, Dokken and Accept, successfully finished the album's mixing.
The songs from Master of Puppets follow the same lyrical theme of control and the abuse of power. In general, the lyrics describe the consequences of alienation and oppression as people are "powerless to resist the institutions that control them". Author Brock Helander wrote that the album's lyrics were "intelligent yet harrowing" and praised them for "their socially conscious themes and brutal honesty". The theme of the title track centers around the horror of drug addiction, specifically cocaine, which according to editor Tom King, was a theme "you couldn't be open about at the time". The lyrics of the third track "The Thing That Should Not Be" are inspired by H.P. Lovecraft's short story The Shadow Over Innsmouth, whose main protagonist is battling against unearthly forces. Referring to the epic proportions of the songs, Eamonn Stack from BBC Music noted that "at this stage in their careers Metallica weren't even doing songs, they were telling stories".
Ballad "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)" is based on Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. The story conveys the thoughts of a patient who is unjustly caged in a mental institution, and according to philosopher William Irwin, among Metallica songs dealing with insanity, it is "perhaps the most revealing one". "Disposable Heroes" is a tale of a young soldier and his superiors who control his fate, while "Leper Messiah" unveils "the flimsy ruses of false prophets". Irwin wrote that the song "describes how people are willingly turned into blind religious followers". He further explained that it's not the fact that "people are religious" that annoys Metallica, but the thing that they "mindlessly do whatever they are told." Writer Ryan Moore concluded that the lyrics of the album as a whole depict "ominous yet unnamed forces of power wielding total control over helpless human subjects".
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
Master of Puppets received rave reviews from music critics. It was hailed as a masterpiece by critics outside of the heavy metal audience and cited by some as the genre's greatest album. In a contemporary review, Tim Holmes of Rolling Stone magazine asserted that the band has redefined heavy metal with the technical skill and subtlety they display on the album, which he described as "the sound of global paranoia". Kerrang! magazine wrote that Master of Puppets "will finally put Metallica into the big leagues where they belong". By contrast, Spin magazine's Judge I-Rankin was disappointed with the album and said that, although the production is exceptional and Metallica's experimentation is commendable, it eschews the less "intellectual" approach of Kill 'em All for a MDC-inspired direction that is inconsistent.
In a retrospective review, AllMusic's Steve Huey viewed it as Metallica's best album and remarked that, although it was not as unexpected as Ride the Lightning, Master of Puppets is a more musically and thematically consistent album. Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune wrote that the songs were the band's most intense at that point, despite veering towards "the progressive tendency of Rush." Piero Scaruffi felt that the album had more challenging lyrics and a better grasp of song form than Ride the Lightning. Adrien Begrand of PopMatters praised the production as "a metal version of Phil Spector's Wall of Sound" and felt that none of Metallica's subsequent albums could match its passionate and intense musical quality. BBC Music's Eamonn Stack called the album "hard, fast, rock with substance" and likened the songs to stories of "biblical proportions". In a less enthusiastic review, Robert Christgau said that the band's energy and political motivations are respectable, but felt that they evoke clichéd images of "revolutionary heroes" who are "male chauvinists too inexperienced to know better".
Master of Puppets has been included in several publications' best album lists. In 2003, the album was ranked number 167 on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Time magazine included it in their 2006 list of the 100 best albums of all time. According to the magazine's Josh Tyrangiel, with Master of Puppets, Metallica "reinforced everything good about heavy metal" while "while undermining at least a few of the cliches". Slant Magazine placed the album at number 90 on its list of the best albums of the 1980s and wrote, "Master of Puppets isn't just Metallica's best album, it's also their most heartfelt". The album was featured in Joel McIver's 2005 book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
In his book Justice For All - The Truth About Metallica, McIver wrote that the album was the main reason why Metallica had been guaranteed inclusion in the Big Four of Thrash. In 2007, IGN named Master of Puppets the best heavy metal album of all time. The website's Spence D. stated that "the band's third magnum opus was easily their best" because it was "built upon and perfected everything they had experimented with prior", and that it was "where all the pieces come together in glorious cohesion". Music journalist Martin Popoff also ranked it as the best heavy metal album, while Piero Scaruffi ranked it second best. Q magazine cited it as one of the 50 heaviest albums of all time. Master of Puppets was voted the second best thrash metal album of all time in a fan poll organized by metal magazine Terrorizer in 2003. The title track was ranked number 61 on Guitar World's list of the 100 greatest guitar solos. In 2006, the album was voted the fourth "greatest guitar album of all time" in Guitar World. The April 5th edition of Kerrang! was dedicated to the album and offered readers the cover album Master of Puppets: Remastered. In March 2007, the guitar magazine Total Guitar ranked it in the 100 greatest riffs of all time and the main riff of the album's title track was ranked number seven.
Sales and impact
Released in early 1986, the record had a 72-week run on the Billboard 200 album charts and became the band's first gold record. On March 29, 1986, the album debuted at number 128 and later it peaked at number 29 on the Billboard 200 chart. Billboard reported that in its first three weeks, the album had sold 300,000 copies. Despite virtually no airplay and no music videos, the album sold more than 500,000 copies in its first year of release. It was the first thrash metal album to be certified platinum; on June 9, 2003, it was certified six times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), having shipped six million copies in the United States. Since the beginning of the SoundScan era in 1991, Master of Puppets has sold 4,578,000 copies.
Metallica's Master of Puppets became thrash metal's first platinum album and by the early 1990s it helped thrash metal to successfully challenge the mainstream of metal and redefine it. Metallica and a few other bands were able to headline arena concerts and appear regularly on MTV, although radio play remained incommensurate with their popularity. After the album was certificated gold, thrash metal was recognized by major labels. Metallica with Master of Puppets were labeled as "innovators of the genre", paving the way for significant subsequent developments. This album, in the words of writer Christopher Knowles, "ripped Metallica away from the underground and put them atop the metal mountain". David Hayter from Guitar Planet recognizes this album as "one of the most emotionally intelligent and affecting metal albums ever made" as well as "the benchmark against which all new metal albums are measured". MTV's Kyle Anderson had similar thoughts saying that 25 years after its release, the album "remains a stone cold classic" and it is "an album by which other metal albums should be judged". Carlos Ramirez from Noisecreep felt that, since its release in 1986, the record "evolved into one of the most essential albums of its genre".
Most of the album, with the exceptions of "Leper Messiah" and "Damage, Inc.", was featured as playable songs on the music video game Guitar Hero: Metallica. "Battery" was featured as a playable track on Rock Band 2, and was covered by Machine Head on their 2007 album, The Blackening.
Metallica spent the period between March and August 1986 touring as the opening act for Ozzy Osbourne in the United States. The band usually played a 55 minute set often followed by encore. Referring to that occasion, Lars Ulrich stated: "We think Ozzy is great. He's been really good to us on this tour. We're honored to play with him. He's one of the people who started this whole thing." Kirk Hammet recalls Ozzy calling Metallica "the Black Sabbath of the 80's". According to Ulrich, the audience from the bigger cities was already familiar with Metallica's music, unlike the smaller towns they've visited. "In the B-markets, people really don't know what we're all about. But after 45 or 50 minutes we can tell we've won them over. And fans who come to hear Ozzy go home liking Metallica." Metallica went well with Osbourne's fans and as a result slowly began to establish a mainstream following.
The band was touring Europe in support of Master of Puppets when the band's bus rolled over on a patch of icy road outside of Stockholm. The tragedy occurred the night of September 27, after the performance in Stockholm. Cliff Burton was thrown through a window and was killed instantly. The driver claimed that he hit the patch of black ice, but James Hetfield always disputed that. The band returned home to San Francisco and hired Flotsam and Jetsam bassist Jason Newsted to replace Burton. As Newsted later recalls, "a lot of the songs that were written for ...And Justice for All were written during the Master of Puppets tour when Cliff was still in the band".
The title track has become a permanent staple of the band's live set-list and is the most played Metallica song. When played live, the crowd fill in some of the vocal parts while the group delivers a blistering musical performance. Loudwire's Chad Childers characterizes the band's performance as "furious" and the song as the set's "highlight". The song's live performance is qualified by Rolling Stone as "a classic in all its eight-minute glory". While filming their 3D movie at the Rogers Arena in Vancouver, crosses were rising from the stage during the performance of the song.
"Battery" and "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)" are also regularly played live. "Battery" is usually played at the end of the set-list or during the encore, accompanied by lasers and plumes of flame. "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)" is the second most performed song from the album. The song's live performance is seldom accompanied by lasers, pyrotechnical effects and film screens. "Disposable Heroes" was recently performed live at the fifth annual Revolver Golden Gods Awards on May 16, 2013. It also appears on the live video album Orgullo, Pasión, y Gloria: Tres Noches en la Ciudad de México (2009) filmed in Mexico City, in which this song was played three nights in a row in front of 150 000 fans. One of its recent live exposures was at the Orion Music + More festival held on June 9, 2013. Journalist Adam Graham, writing for The Detroit News, called the song a "classics from the band's deep catalog". Rolling Stone observed Hetfield's rhythm guitar playing as "impeccable on the lengthy and infrequently-performed Master of Puppets cut "Disposable Heroes."
The rest of the tracks are rarely played live. "Orion" is the least performed song from the album, having been played only 45 times. The first live performance was made during the Escape from the Studio '06 tour, when the band performed the album in its entirety, honoring the 20th anniversary of its original release. The album was played in its entirety in 2006 at Rock Am Ring. They played it again the following day at the Rock Im Park festival in Nürnberg. The band performed the album's eight tracks in the middle of each night's set.
|1.||"Battery"||James Hetfield, Lars Ulrich||5:12|
|2.||"Master of Puppets"||Hetfield, Ulrich, Cliff Burton, Kirk Hammett||8:36|
|3.||"The Thing That Should Not Be"||Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett||6:37|
|4.||"Welcome Home (Sanitarium)"||Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett||6:27|
|5.||"Disposable Heroes"||Hetfield, Ulrich, Hammett||8:17|
|6.||"Leper Messiah"||Hetfield, Ulrich||5:40|
|7.||"Orion" (instrumental)||Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton||8:28|
|8.||"Damage, Inc."||Hetfield, Ulrich, Burton, Hammett||5:29|
|Digital reissue bonus tracks|
|9.||"Battery" (Live in Seattle 1989)||4:53|
|10.||"The Thing That Should Not Be" (Live in Seattle 1989)||7:02|
|1986||German Albums Chart||31|
|Swiss Albums Chart||18|
|UK Albums Chart||41|
|US Billboard 200||29|
|2004||Belgium Albums Chart||94|
|Finnish Albums Chart||7|
|French Albums Chart||111|
|Swedish Albums Chart||14|
|2008||Australian Albums Chart||33|
|Norwegian Albums Chart||30|
|Spanish Albums Chart||52|
|2009||Mexican Albums Chart||66|
|2010||New Zealand Albums Chart||33|
|Canada (Music Canada)||6× Platinum||600,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||100,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||6× Platinum||6,000,000^|
*sales figures based on certification alone
- "Metallica in 1985". Metallica. Retrieved June 20, 2013.
- McDonald, Heather. "Asylum Records - Profile of Asylum Records". About.com. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- Master of Puppets (CD liner notes). Metallica. Elektra/Asylum Records. 1986. 9 60439-2.
- "Master of Puppets". Release date. Metallica.com. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
- "American album certifications – Master of Puppets". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- GuitarWorld Staff Member. "Original Master of Puppets Artwork Up for Auction". Guitar World. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- Sue Cummings (August, 1986). "Road Warriors". SPIN (TeamRock). Retrieved july 26, 2013.
- Gulla, Bob (2008). Guitar Gods: The 25 Players Who Made Rock History. ABC-CLIO. p. 103. ISBN 0-313-35806-0.
- Wall, Mick (2011). Enter Night: A Biography of Metallica. St. Martin's Press. pp. Chapter 7 – "Masterpiece". ISBN 1-4299-8703-0.
- King, Tom (2011). Metallica - Uncensored On the Record. Great Britain: Coda Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-908538-55-0.
- Pareles, Jon (10 July 1988). "Heavy Metal, Weighty Words". The New York Times (USA: The New York Times Company). p. 8. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
- Hadlan, Sem (1998). The Illustrated Collector's Guide to Metallica: Fuel & Fire. Pennsylvania: Collector's Guide Publishing. p. 53. ISBN 1-896522-09-2.
- Tarquin, Brian (2012). Recording Techniques of the Guitar Masters. Boston: Course Technology. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4354-6016-4.
- Kielty, Martin. "Ulrich bored Hammett in Metallica's Puppet sessions". Classic Rock. Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Moore, Ryan (2010). Sells Like Teen Spirit: Music, Youth Culture, and Social Crisis. New York: New York University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-8147-5747-5.
- Helander, Brock (1996). The Rock Who's who. the University of California: Schirmer Books. p. 434. ISBN 978-0-02-871031-0.
- Begrand, Adrien (September 12, 2002). "Metallica: Master of Puppets". Popmatters. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Stack, Eamonn (April 23, 2007). "Master of Puppets Review - Metallica". BBC Music. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- Irwin, William (2009). Metallica and Philosophy: A Crash Course in Brain Surgery. John Wiley & Sons. p. 48. ISBN 1-4051-8208-3.
- Holmes, Tim (June 5, 1986). "Master of Puppets". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- Huey, Steve. "Master of Puppets". Allmusic. Retrieved January 30, 2008.
- Kot, Greg (December 1, 1991). "A Guide to Metallica's Recordings". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- Christgau, Robert. "Album: Metallica: Master of Puppets". Robert Christgau. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music 5 (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 725. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
- "Metallica: Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 3, 2012.
- Scaruffi, Piero (1999). "Metallica". pieroscaruffi.com. Retrieved April 26, 2013.
- Butler, Nick (June 26, 2006). "Metallica - Master of Puppets". Sputnikmusic. Scroll down to Nick Butler (staff). Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
- Macdonald, Les (2010). The Day the Music Died. Xlibris Corporation. p. 236. ISBN 1-4691-1356-2. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Wall, Mick (2011). Enter Night: A Biography of Metallica. Macmillan. p. 309. ISBN 1-4299-8703-0. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- I-Rankin', Judge (July 1986). "Spins". Spin (New York): 32. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- Rolling Stone Staff. "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Josh Tyrangiel (October 13, 2006). "The All-TIME 100 Albums: Master of Puppets". TIME.
- Slant Staff. "Best Albums of the 1980s". Slant Magazine. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- McIver, Joel (2005). Dimery, Robert, ed. 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die (1st ed.). Universe Publishing. p. 548. ISBN 978-0-7893-1371-3.
- McIver, Joel (2004). Justice For All - The Truth About Metallica. London: Omnibus Press. pp. Chapter 15 1986–1988. ISBN 0-7119-9600-8.
- Ed T., Spence D. (January 19, 2007). "Top 25 Metal Albums". IGN Music. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Popoff, Martin (2004). The Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time. Toronto, Canada: ECW Press. pp. Section 1. ISBN 978-1-55022-600-3.
- Scaruffi, Piero. "Best heavy-metal albums of all time". Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Q 50 Heaviest Albums of All Time". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved December 5, 2007.
- Guitar World Staff. "100 Greatest Guitar Solos: 51-100". Guitar World. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- Guitar World, Staff (February 19, 2009). "50 Greatest Guitar Albums". Guitar World. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- "Kerrang to release Metallica tribute on April 5th". Punknews.org. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- "Guns N' Roses top rock riff poll". Total Guitar. BBC News. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "Top Pop Albums". Billboard: H-16. March 29, 1986. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Duff, S.L. (May 10, 1986). "Indies Grab Torch from Majors—And Run". Billboard: H-16. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Sheehan, Ivan J. "Master of Puppets 25th Anniversary". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Walser, Robert et al. (November 19, 1998). Nicholls, David, ed. The Cambridge History of American Music. Cambridge University Press. p. 378. ISBN 0-521-45429-8.
- "METALLICA's 'Black' LP Is Top-Selling Album Of SOUNDSCAN Era". BlabberMouth.
- Larry L. Burriss, Richard D. Barnet (2001). Controversies of the Music Industry. USA: Greenwood Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-313-31094-7.
- Bayer, Gerd (2009). Heavy Metal Music in Britain. England: Ashgate Publishing Limited. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-7546-6423-9.
- Knowles, Christopher (2010). The Secret History of Rock 'n' Roll. Cleis Press. p. 163. ISBN 1-57344-564-9. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Hayter, David. "Classic Album of the month: Metallica - Master of puppets". Guitar Planet. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- Anderson, Kyle. "Metallica's Master Of Puppets Turns 25". MTV. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- Ramirez, Carlos (March 31, 2011). "Metallica's 'Master of Puppets' Celebrates 25th Anniversary". Noisecreep. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Greenhough, Chris (January 26, 2009). "Full Guitar Hero: Metallica track list revealed, Wii version arriving late". Joystiq. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Yoon, Andrew (July 14, 2007). "Rock Band 2 on-disc track list revealed, features over 80 songs". Joystiq. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "Machine Head storm the charts". Metal Hammer. April 2, 2007. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- Eddy, Chuck (2011). Rock and Roll Always Forgets: A Quarter Century of Music Criticism. USA: Duke University Press. p. 102.
- Harrison, Thomas (2011). Music of the 1980s. Greenwood: Thomas Harrison. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-313-36599-7.
- Ray, Michael (2013). Disco, Punk, New Wave, Heavy Metal, and More: Music in the 1970s and 1980s. New York: Encyclopedia Britannica. p. 53.
- McIver, Joel (2009). To Live Is to Die: The Life and Death of Metallica's Cliff Burton. London: Jawbone Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-1-906002-24-4.
- "Metallica's Hetfield And Ulrich Discuss 'Master Of Puppets'". Ultimate Guitar. Rock City. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- Childers, Chad. "Metallica Unveil 'Quebec Magnetic' Footage of 'Master of Puppets' Performance". Loudwire. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "Metallica Tear Through 'Master of Puppets' in Quebec". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Harcott, Kyle (August 26, 2012). "Metallica at Rogers Arena, Vancouve". The Snipe. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- Steffen, Chris (June 10, 2013). "Metallica Dig Deep for Orion Fest Setlist". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- "Songs". Metallica.com. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Fanelli, Damian. "2013 Golden Gods Video: Metallica — "Disposable Heroes"". Revolver. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Hart, Josh. "Metallica Post "Disposable Heroes" Video from 'Three Nights in Mexico City' DVD". Guitar World. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Graham, Adam. "Metallica closes out first Orion festival on Belle Isle, plans for more From The Detroit News". Detroit News. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Rutledge, Daniel. "Metallica treat Kiwi fans to 'Orion'". 3 News. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "METALLICA Perform 'Master Of Puppets' In Its Entirety At Germany's ROCK AM RING - June 3, 2006". Blabbermouth.net. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
- MTV News staff report (June 5, 2006). "Metallica perform Master of Puppets in its entirety". MTV. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (June 26, 2006). "Metallica Put Catalog On iTunes — Quietly". MTV. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
- Saulnier, Jason (13 January 2013). "Flemming Rasmussen Interview, Producer talks Master of Puppets". Music Legends. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". charts.de. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica – Master of Puppets". hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica UK Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- "Master of Puppets - Metallica : Awards". Allmusic. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". ultratop.be. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". finishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". lescharts.de. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". spanishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". mexicancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Metallica - Master Of Puppets". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Argentinian album certifications – Metallica – Master of Puppets". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers.
- "Canadian album certifications – Metallica – Master of Puppets". Music Canada.
- The first web page presents the sales figures, the second presents the certification limits:
- "British album certifications – Metallica – Master of Puppets". British Phonographic Industry. Enter Master of Puppets in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "American album certifications – Metallica – Master of Puppets". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Master of Puppets (Adobe Flash) at Radio3Net (streamed copy where licensed)
- Master of Puppets at Discogs (list of releases)