Battle River

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Battle River
Battle River from Alberta Highway 14
Origin Battle Lake
52°56′57″N 114°08′41″W / 52.94917°N 114.14472°W / 52.94917; -114.14472
Mouth North Saskatchewan River at North Battleford
52°42′42″N 108°15′13″W / 52.71167°N 108.25361°W / 52.71167; -108.25361
Basin countries  Alberta  Saskatchewan  Canada
Length 570 km (350 mi)
Source elevation 849 m (2,785 ft)
Mouth elevation 463 m (1,519 ft)
Avg. discharge 10m3/sec
Basin area 30,300 square kilometres (11,700 sq mi)

Battle River is a river in central Alberta and western Saskatchewan. It is a major tributary of the North Saskatchewan River.

The Battle River flows for 570 kilometres (350 mi) and has a total drainage area of 30,300 square kilometres (11,700 sq mi). The mean discharge is 10 m³/s at its mouth.[1]


The river did not gain its current name until relatively recently. When Anthony Henday passed through the region in the 1750s, he did not mention a river with this name. But by 1793 Peter Fidler mentions arriving at the "Battle or Fighting River", likely so named because of the beginning of a period of rivalry between the Iron Confederacy (Cree and Assinoboine) and the Blackfoot Confederacy.[2]


Battle River in western Canada

The Battle River originates south from Battle Lake in central Alberta, east of Winfield and meanders east into Saskatchewan, where it discharges in the North Saskatchewan River at Battleford.

Big Knife Provincial Park is established along the river, between Donalda and Forestburg. Other communities located on the river include Ponoka, Wetaskiwin, Camrose, New Norway, Edberg, Rosalind, Duhamel, Forestburg, Galahad, Alliance, Hardisty, Wainwright, Marsden, Lashburn, Waseca, Maidstone and Paynton.


Railway over the Battle River Valley near Wainwright
  • Sunny Creek
  • Wolf Creek
  • Pigeon Lake Creek
  • Stoney Creek
  • Pipestone Creek
  • Driedmeat Creek
  • Meeting Creek
  • Paintearth Creek
  • Castor Creek
  • Iron Creek
  • Ribstone Creek

Battle Lake, Samson Lake, Driedmeat Lake and Big Knife Lake are formed along the river, and numerous other lakes (such as Pigeon Lake, Coal Lake, Bittern Lake, Vernon Lake, Ernest Lake, Soda Lake) are developed in the Battle River hydrographic basin.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Atlas of Canada - Rivers in Canada
  2. ^ MacDonald, p 8.

External links[edit]