Battle River

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For other uses, see Battle River (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 52°42′42″N 108°15′13″W / 52.71167°N 108.25361°W / 52.71167; -108.25361
Battle River
BattleRiver.JPG
Country Canada
Provinces Alberta, Saskatchewan
Source Battle Lake
 - location Alberta
 - elevation 849 m (2,785 ft)
 - coordinates 52°56′57″N 114°08′41″W / 52.94917°N 114.14472°W / 52.94917; -114.14472
Mouth North Saskatchewan River
 - location Battleford, Saskatchewan
 - elevation 463 m (1,519 ft)
 - coordinates 52°42′42″N 108°15′13″W / 52.71167°N 108.25361°W / 52.71167; -108.25361
Length 570 km (354 mi)
Basin 30,300 km2 (11,699 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 10 m3/s (353 cu ft/s)
North Saskatchewan River drainage basin
[1][2]

Battle River is a river in central Alberta and western Saskatchewan. It is a major tributary of the North Saskatchewan River.

The Battle River flows for 570 kilometres (350 mi) and has a total drainage area of 30,300 square kilometres (11,700 sq mi). The mean discharge is 10 m³/s at its mouth.[3]

History[edit]

The river did not gain its current name until relatively recently. When Anthony Henday passed through the region in the 1750s, he did not mention a river with this name. But by 1793 Peter Fidler mentions arriving at the "Battle or Fighting River", likely so named because of the beginning of a period of rivalry between the Iron Confederacy (Cree and Assinoboine) and the Blackfoot Confederacy.[4]

Course[edit]

Railway over the Battle River Valley near Wainwright

The Battle River originates south from Battle Lake in central Alberta, east of Winfield and meanders east into Saskatchewan, where it discharges in the North Saskatchewan River at Battleford.

Big Knife Provincial Park is established along the river, between Donalda and Forestburg. Other communities located on the river include Ponoka, Wetaskiwin, Camrose, New Norway, Edberg, Rosalind, Duhamel, Forestburg, Galahad, Alliance, Hardisty, Wainwright, Marsden, Lashburn, Waseca, Maidstone and Paynton.

Tributaries[edit]

  • Sunny Creek
  • Wolf Creek
  • Pigeon Lake Creek
  • Stoney Creek
  • Pipestone Creek
  • Driedmeat Creek
  • Meeting Creek
  • Paintearth Creek
  • Castor Creek
  • Iron Creek
  • Ribstone Creek

Battle Lake, Samson Lake, Driedmeat Lake and Big Knife Lake are formed along the river, and numerous other lakes (such as Pigeon Lake, Coal Lake, Bittern Lake, Vernon Lake, Ernest Lake, Soda Lake) are developed in the Battle River hydrographic basin.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Natural Resources Canada-Canadian Geographical Names (Battle River)". Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  2. ^ "Atlas of Canada Toporama". Retrieved 2014-08-29. 
  3. ^ Atlas of Canada - Rivers in Canada
  4. ^ MacDonald, p 8.

External links[edit]