Battle of Abukir (1801)

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For other battles with similar names, see Battle of Abukir (disambiguation).
Battle of Abukir
Part of the French Revolutionary Wars
Date 8 March 1801
Location Abu Qir, Egypt
Result British tactical victory
Belligerents
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom France France
Commanders and leaders
Ralph Abercromby Louis Friant
Strength
5,000 2,000
Casualties and losses
1,100 dead or wounded

The Battle of Abukir of 8 March 1801 was the second battle of the French campaign in Egypt and Syria to be fought at Abu Qir on the Mediterranean coast, near the Nile delta. Under General Friant, some 2000 French troops and ten field guns in high positions took a heavy toll of a large British force disembarking from a task-force fleet in boats, each carrying 50 men to be landed on the beach. The British then rushed and overwhelmed the defenders with fixed bayonets and secured the position, enabling an orderly landing of the remainder of their 17,500-strong army and its equipment. The skirmish was a prelude to the Battle of Alexandria and resulted in British losses of 130 killed and 600 wounded or missing. The French withdrew, losing at least 300 dead and eight pieces of cannon.[1]

Background[edit]

The landing of the British expeditionary force under Sir Ralph Abercromby was intended to defeat or drive out an estimated 21,000 remaining troops of Napoleon's ill-fated invasion of Egypt. The fleet commanded by Baron Keith included seven ships of the line, five frigates and a dozen armed corvettes. With the troop transports, it was delayed in the bay for several days by strong gales and heavy seas before disembarkation could proceed.[1]

See also[edit]


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cust, Sir E. Annals of the Wars of the 19th Century Vol. I—1800-1806, pp.68-69. John Murray, London 1862

Coordinates: 31°18′38″N 30°04′06″E / 31.31056°N 30.06833°E / 31.31056; 30.06833