Battle of Alexandropol

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Alexandropol
Part of Turkish-Armenian War
Date November 7, 1920
Location Alexandropol (today Gyumri, Armenia)
Result Turkish Victory, Treaty of Alexandropol
Belligerents
Armenia First Republic of Armenia Grand National Assembly
Commanders and leaders
Drastamat Kanayan Kazım Karabekir

The Battle of Alexandropol was a conflict between the First Republic of Armenia and Turkish Revolutionaries of the Turkish National Movement which was on November 7, 1920 at Alexandropol.

Background[edit]

Main article: Turkish-Armenian War

The Turkish-Armenian War was a conflict fought between the Republic of Armenia and Turkish Revolutionaries of the Turkish National Movement which lasted from 24 September to 2 December 1920 and largely took place in present-day northeastern Turkey and northwestern Armenia.

Active Stage[edit]

On October 24, Karabekir's forces launched a massive campaign on Kars. Rather than fighting for the city, the Armenians abandoned Kars which by October 30 came under full Turkish occupation. Alexandropol was occupied by Turkish troops on November 7. Turkish troops were withdrawn from her after Treaty of Kars.

Results[edit]

The Treaty of Alexandropol was a peace treaty between the Democratic Republic of Armenia and TBMM ending the Turkish-Armenian War, before declaration of the Republic of Turkey on December 2, 1920. Armenian was forced to renounce the Treaty of Sèvres and cede over 50% of her claimed territory to Turkey. The treaty was to be ratified by the government within a month. This did not take place due to the Soviet occupation of Armenia and in 1921 was replaced with the Treaty of Kars.

References[edit]