Battle of Amami-Ōshima
|Battle of Amami-Ōshima
(Spy Ship Incident in the Southwest Sea of Kyūshū)
An anti-aircraft gun mounted on the North-Korean spy vessel
|1 naval trawler||4 patrol boats
|Casualties and losses|
1 naval trawler sunk
1 patrol boat damaged
The Battle of Amami-Ōshima, also known as the Spy Ship Incident in the Southwest Sea of Kyūshū (九州南西海域工作船事件 kyūshū-nansei-kaiiki-kōsakusen-jiken ), was a six-hour confrontation between the Japanese Coast Guard and an armed North Korean vessel, which took place near the island of Amami-Ōshima, in the East China Sea. The encounter ended in the sinking of the North Korean vessel, which the Japanese authorities later announced was determined to have been a spy craft.
An unidentified ship was spotted in Japanese waters on Friday, 21 December 2001.[N 1] The armed trawler was detected by a communications station in Kikaijima, Kagoshima, which was under control of the Japanese Defense Intelligence Headquarters. Several years earlier, a North Korean vessel encountered by the Japanese Coast Guard in 1999 was claimed by Japan to have been a spy craft, though North Korea denied it; other incidents have occurred involving illegal fishing and drug trafficking. With the North Korean vessel's intentions unclear, the Japanese Coast Guard decided to intercept it.
Early the following morning, the ship was chased by 20 Japan Coast Guard vessels, who ordered it to halt, and fired 25 warning shots upon the ship when those orders were ignored. A six-hour firefight ensued, in which over 1,000 machine gun rounds were fired by both sides; the North Korean crew were said to have wielded shoulder-held rocket launchers. The North Korean trawler was meanwhile hit by a number of 20mm rounds. Several explosions not directly related to Japanese attacks rocked the ship before it was sunk. Most of its fifteen crew members were declared missing and presumed dead several days later.
The engagement was recorded on video from Japanese Coast Guard vessels.
In 2003 the trawler was raised by the Japanese to confirm her origin and intentions. Inspection of the hulk determined she was of North Korean origin and most likely an infiltration and spy vessel. It was revealed that the vessel was camouflaged as a Chinese or Japanese fishing boat and that she could develop 33 knots, far faster than any commercial trawler. The ship had also a hidden double hatch in the stern to be used as an exit door for speedboats. After the inspections were deemed complete the hulk was displayed at the Japan Coast Guard Museum Yokohama in Yokohama, where she has become a popular tourist attraction.
- "Japan announces sunken boat was N. Korean spy ship". BNET. 7 October 2002. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "Japan says 'spy ship' fired rockets". BBC. 25 December 2001. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "Japan’s Secret SIGINT Organizations: Focusing On North Korea". Archived from the original on 17 March 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2008.
- "Japan fires on 'intruding' boat". BBC News. 22 December 2001. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- James Brooke (25 December 2001). "Japan Says a Mystery Boat Fired Rockets at Its Ships". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "North Korea's espionage operations in Japan". Japanese National Police Agency. Archived from the original on 23 March 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
- Japan defiant over boat sinking by Jonathan Watts. The Guardian (London), 24 December 2001. Retrieved on 7 October 2011.
- "Suspected NK Spy Ship Sunk in East China Sea". The Chosun Ilbo, 23 December 2011. Retrieved on 7 October 20.11
- Archived 1 December 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- McDonald, Scott (2007). Propaganda and information warfare in the twenty-first century: altered images and deception operations. Taylor & Francis, p. 104. ISBN 0-415-77145-5
- Technically speaking, the entire encounter took place outside of Japanese territorial waters, as defined under the smallest, strictest definition, but within the exclusive economic zone, an area extending 200 miles from Japanese land, within which Japan can claim exclusive rights to fishing and mineral resources.