Battle of Bhopal

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Battle of Bhopal
Part of Later Mughal-Maratha Wars (1723-1738)
Date 24 December 1737
Location Bhopal, India
Result Decisive Maratha victory
Treaty of Bhopal signed between Mughals and Marathas which ceded large territory of Malwa (central India) along with 50 lakh rupees as war expenses to Marathas.
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal Empire[1] Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg Maratha Empire
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg Asaf Jah I
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg Saadat Ali Khan I
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svg Sultan Muhammad Khan Bahadur
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svgIswari Singh
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svgDiwan Raja Ayamal
Flag of the Mughal Empire.svgPratap Singh
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgBaji Rao
~200,000 men
~100 cannons
~100,000 men
(mostly cavalry)
30-50 guns
Casualties and losses
~35,000 ~7,000

The Battle of Bhopal was fought on 24 December 1737 in Bhopal between the Maratha Empire and the combined army of Mughals and their allies (Rajputs of Amber).


The Mughal emperor was alarmed by Maratha conquests. In 1737, the Marathas entered Delhi and defeated Mughals. The Mughal emperor asked Nizam and Rajputs for rescue. The Nizam left Hyderabad with a massive force and the combined army of Nizam and Rajputs clashed with Marathas near Bhopal.[2][3]


The battle was fought between the Maratha Empire and Mughal forces led by Nizam of Hyderabad near Bhopal in India in December 1737, and was arguably the largest pitched battle fought in India in the 18th century. The battle resulted in decisive Maratha victory mainly through the swift tactics of Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao.[3]

The Rajput army included Sawai Raja Jai Singh's forces under his son Iswari Singh and Diwan Raja Ayamal, and Badan Singh's forces under his son Pratap Singh.

Later, on 7 January 1738, a peace treat was signed between Peshwa Bajirao and Jai Singh II, deputy of Nizam at village Doraha near Bhopal.[4] The Mughal Empire was left in a wrecked position and was unable to face the later invasion of Nadir Shah.[3]