Battle of Bloody Gulch

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Battle of Bloody Gulch
Part of Battle of Carentan, Battle of Normandy
Carentan.jpg
Battle of Carentan
Date June 13, 1944
Location In and around Carentan, Normandy, France
Result U.S. victory
Belligerents
United States 101st Airborne Division
United States 2nd Armored Division
United States 29th Infantry Division
Nazi Germany 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division
Nazi Germany 6th Fallschirmjäger Regiment
Commanders and leaders
United States Maj. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor (101st Airborne)
United States Col. Howard R. Johnson (501st PIR)
United States Col. John H. Michaelis (502nd PIR)
United States Col. Robert F. Sink (506th PIR)
Nazi Germany Col. Friedrich von der Heydte
Strength
3 parachute infantry regiments
60 tanks (2nd Armored Div.)[1]
1 parachute infantry battalion
12 tanks
Casualties and losses
32 dead
73 wounded
43 dead
89 wounded
2 tanks

The Battle of Bloody Gulch took place near Hill 69 (U.S. Army designation) approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) southwest of Carentan in Normandy, France on June 13, 1944, between elements of the German 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division and 6th Fallschirmjäger Regiment, and the American 501st, 502nd and 506th, Parachute Infantry Regiments (PIR) of the U.S. 101st Airborne Division, reinforced by elements of the U.S. 2nd Armored Division.

Battle[edit]

When the 101st Airborne entered the town of Carentan on June 12, 1944 (D-Day + 6) after heavy fighting on the two previous days, they met relatively light resistance. The bulk of the surviving German defenders (from the 6th Fallschirmjäger Regiment) had withdrawn to the southwest the previous night after a heavy Allied naval and artillery bombardment. Both sides realized the importance of the city: for the Americans, it was a link between Utah Beach and Omaha Beach, and would provide a base for further attacks deeper into German-occupied France. For the Germans, recapturing Carentan would be the first step towards driving a wedge between the two U.S. landing beaches, severely disrupting and possibly even destroying the Allied invasion.

The remnants of the 6th Fallschirmjäger resupplied and were reinforced by assault guns and panzergrenadiers of the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division on the night of June 12–13. The combined force counterattacked northeast towards Carentan at dawn on June 13, just as the 506th and 501st PIR were attacking southwest to enlarge the American defensive perimeter around the town. The 506th took the brunt of the attack, and by 10:30 a.m., the outnumbered and outgunned paratroopers were pushed almost back to the outskirts of the city.

Under intense German fire, F Company of the 506th's left flank broke and fell back. This exposed D Company's right flank, who also fell back, leaving E Company all alone. Cpt. Thomas P. Mulvey, the commanding officer of F Company,[2] was relieved on the spot by Lt. Colonel Robert Strayer. When a German StuG assault gun attempted to penetrate the left flank, Lt. Harry Welsh and Pvt. John McGrath of E Company successfully destroyed it with a bazooka. This gave time for battalion headquarters to stop the retreat of D and F companies, pushing them forward 150 meters to cover the left flank.[1] The 2nd Battalion of the 502nd PIR took up positions to the right of the 506th, but by 1:00 p.m. they too had suffered many casualties, and the German attack was on the edge of breaking through their defenses.

At this critical point, sixty tanks from Combat Command A of the 2nd Armored Division and accompanied by infantry of the 29th Division,[1] counterattacked southwest from Carentan at 4:30 p.m.,[1] inflicting severe casualties on the Germans and forcing them to withdraw. The American victory led to the linkup of forces from Utah and Omaha beaches, creating a secure lodgement area for further American operations.

The actions of the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment during the Graignes incident (better known as the Battle of Graignes) south-west of Carentan, played a part in the successful capture of Carentan and the Battle of Bloody Gulch. Had the miss-dropped paratroopers of the 507th not stopped the advance of the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division, it is possible that the German division could have made it to Carentan before the 101st Airborne Division. What's more, the 507th caused the Germans significant losses in the few days that they were holding Graignes and this likely influenced the battle at the Bloody Gulch.[citation needed]

The battle in popular culture[edit]

The fight was popularized with the release of the HBO series Band of Brothers (in the third episode Carentan), which portrays the 506th PIR's part in the battle.

The video game Brothers in Arms: Road to Hill 30 and Brothers in Arms: Earned in Blood portrayed a fictional group of soldiers led by Lieutenant Colonel Robert G. Cole (a Medal of Honor recipient), on their journey to take Carentan. The final level of Road to Hill 30 is the Battle of Bloody Gulch, which concludes with the tanks of the 2nd Armored Division arriving on the battlefield. The strategy game Company of Heroes also features the defense of Carentan. The game Call of Duty 2 features a multiplayer map set in Carentan. The Red Orchestra: Ostfront 41-45 modification Darkest Hour: Europe '44-'45 also features a Carentan map.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ambrose, Stephen E. (September 2001). Band of Brothers. ISBN 0-7434-2990-7. 
  2. ^ "History 2nd Bn.". 506infantry.org. [dead link]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]