Bongabon, Nueva Ecija
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Allan A. Gamilla|
|• Total||286.95 km2 (110.79 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class; rural|
Bongabon is a second class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 59,343 people. It has an area of 28,352.90 hectares (70,061.5 acres), and is the leading producer of onion in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia.
Each barangay in Bongabon has its own fiesta. The town fiesta, celebrated annually on the 1st to 2nd week of April, is known as the Sibuyasan Onion Festival.
The Augustinian missionaries who preached Catholicism in Pampanga extended their outposts into what is now the province of Nueva Ecija by following the Rio Grande dela Pampanga. Thus, Santol (present day Barangay Santor) was established in 1659. In 1760, Bongabon was named as a town and parish under the patronage of St. Francis of Assisi.
Bongabon was the first capital of Nueva Ecija.
Philippine Revolution under the Spanish Colonial Period
When the Philippine Revolution begins on 1896 to 1898 against Spain. The Philippine Revolutionary and Republican troops with aiding the Katipunero rebels was free invaded the municipal town of Bongabon and fought against the Spanish Colonial forces and started the Siege of Bongabon. The Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipunero rebel fighters was over victory and captured the municipal town after the main sieges, the Spanish troops was found defeated and retreating after the Revolution against Spain and begins the Spanish-American War on 1898.
Philippine-American War and the American Colonial Period
When the outbreak of the Philippine-American War on 1899 to 1913. The American colonial troops was arrival and entering the town municipality in Bongabon was side by side by main battles and attacking the Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipunero rebels starts the Battle of Bonganon on 1899. After the fighting, Filipino revolutionary troops and Katipunero rebels was defeated and they taken and capturing the town municipality by the U.S. colonial troops and since the Philippines under the American Colonial Period.
World War II under the Japanese Occupation
The outbreak was start the Second World War, Japanese planes was crushed to invaded the town municipality in Bongabon on December 1941 under the Japanese Invasion and through the occupied by the Imperial Japanese forces was entering the town on 1942 and begins the Japanese Occupation. The active of the general headquarters and garrison bases of the Imperial Japanese Armed Forces was established on 1942 through the combined Allied United States and the Philippine Commonwealth military and recognized guerrilla raid and captured on 1945 and they stationed in the municipality of Bongabon during the Japanese Occupation.
Started the conflicts and insurgencies during the Japanese Occupation on 1942 to 1944. Many several various guerrilla fighter groups and the Hukbalahap Communist resistance at the municipal town in Bongabon was side by side and fought attack to attack from the local military and guerrilla conflicts and arrival and helping aided of all stronghold Filipino soldiers and officers of the ongoing Philippine Commonwealth Army and incoming Philippine Constabulary 2nd Infantry Regiment units and against by the Imperial Japanese troops and Makapili militia groups. After the insurgencies on 1944, many guerrilla fighters and Hukbalahap resistance was they retreated by the Japanese soldiers and air raid planes was recaptured the municipality in Bongabon. Before the combined force of the Filipino troops of the Philippine Army and Constabulary units and the American troops of the U.S. Armed Forces units with aiding guerrilla groups and Hukbalahap fighters was beginning the liberation on 1945 since the Battle of Bongabon.
Some of all outgoing guerrillas and non-combanant civilians are found arrested, tortured, marches and killed by the Imperial Japanese troops. When the all local outgoing guerrillas and civilians was torturing and killed by the Japanese hands at the Imperial Japanese military general headquarters, garrisons and concentration camps in Bongabon.
Since the liberation and the Battle of Bongabon on 1944 to 1945 between the fought of the combined Filipino and American troops and the recognized guerrillas with the Japanese troops. When the combined military force of the Filipino troops and officers of the 2nd, 22nd and 26th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the American troops and officers of the U.S. Armed Forces units was found liberated and invaded the town municipality of Bongabon and aiding various guerrilla groups and Hukbalahap communist fighters and defeats Imperial Japanese troops and Makapili militia groups and ending aftermath of World War II. The casualties at the fall of main battle of Bongabon was over 14,200 Filipino troops and guerrillas killed and wounded in action, 6,000 American troops killed and wounded in action, 68,000 Japanese troops and Makapili militias killed, wounded and captured in action and over 28,000 outgoing guerrillas and civilians killed by the Japanese.
|Population census of Bongabon|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bongabon, Nueva Ecija.|
- Pasyalan Nueva Ecija
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
||Pantabangan||Maria Aurora, Aurora|
Gen. Mamerto Natividad
|San Luis, Aurora|
|Palayan||Laur / Gabaldon|