Battle of Calcinato

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Battle of Calcinato
Part of the War of the Spanish Succession
Jean Baptiste Martin Schlacht bei Calcinato 1706.jpg
The Battle of Calcinato by Jean Baptiste Martin Schlacht.
Date 19 April 1706
Location near Calcinato, present-day Italy
Result Two Crowns victory
Belligerents
 Kingdom of France
Spain Bourbon Spain
 Habsburg Austria
Commanders and leaders
Duke of Vendôme Christian Detlev Reventlow
Strength
41,000[1] 19,000[1]
Casualties and losses
500 dead or wounded 6,000 dead or wounded[1]

The Battle of Calcinato was fought on 19 April 1706 near Calcinato, Italy, during the War of the Spanish Succession, between the forces of Bourbon France and Spain and those of the Austrian Habsburgs. It ended in a victory for Marshal Vendôme's French and Spanish army.

Prelude[edit]

In Italy the 1706 campaign had, as before, two branches: the contest for Piedmont and the contest between the French forces in Lombardy and the Austrian second army that sought to join Victor Amadeus and Starhemberg in Piedmont. The latter, repulsed by Vendôme at Cassano, had retired to Brescia and Lake Garda, Vendôme following up and wintering about Castiglione and Mantua.

The battle[edit]

In April 1706, profiting by Eugene's temporary absence, Vendôme attacked the Imperialist's camp of Montechiaro–Calcinato. His intention was by a night march to surprise the post of Ponte San Marco on their extreme left, but when day came he noticed that he could give battle to the enemy's left wing at Calcinato before their right from Montichiari could intervene. His onset broke up the defence completely and he hustled the fragments of the Imperialist army back into the mountains, where Eugene had the greatest difficulty in rallying them.

Aftermath[edit]

Vendôme was sent to Flanders after the crushing defeat there in the Battle of Ramillies. As a result of the disastrous Siege of Turin the French position in Italy deteriorated drastically, and by the end of the year, all French forces had been chased from Italy.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lynn, p. 309

References[edit]

Coordinates: 45°27′00″N 10°25′00″E / 45.4500°N 10.4167°E / 45.4500; 10.4167