Battle of Caspe

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Battle of Caspe
Part of the Spanish Civil War
Date March 16–17, 1938
Location Caspe, Aragon, Spain
Result Nationalist victory
Belligerents
Spanish Republic  Nationalist Spain
Commanders and leaders
? Francoist SpainFernando Barron
Francoist SpainAgustín Muñoz Grandes
Francoist SpainBautista Sánchez
Strength
XV International Brigade three divisions

The Battle of Caspe took place during the Aragon Offensive of the Spanish Civil War in 16-17 March of 1938.

Background[edit]

After the Battle of Teruel, the Republican Army in Aragon was exhausted and badly equipped. In March 1938 a huge Nationalist force of 150,000 men and more than 900 planes started an offensive in Aragon, breaking the Republican front. Most of the units of the Republican Army fled and the retreat became a rout, but in some points others fought bravely.[1]

Battle of Caspe.[edit]

On the 9th of March the Nationalists advanced 36 kilometres, on the 10th of March they occupied Belchite held by the XV International Brigade,[2] and pushed forward to Caspe.[2][3] Then, the commander in chief of the Republican army, Vicente Rojo ordered to establish a defensive line with the town of Caspe at its centre.[2] By the 16th of March three Nationalist divisions of the Varela’s Army, led by Fernando Barrón, Muñoz Grandes and Bautista Sánchez, surrounded the town held by the XV International Brigade. The Brigade fought with great valour, but after two days of heavy fighting Caspe fell to the Nationalists.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

The Nationalists continued their advance and by 3rd April occupied Lérida.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. pp.324-325
  2. ^ a b c Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.777
  3. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.325
  4. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.778
  5. ^ Beevor, Antony. (2006). The Battle for Spain. The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Penguin Books. London. p.326

References[edit]