Battle of Cassano (1259)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Cassano
Part of Guelphs and Ghibellines
BattCass1259.jpg
The Defeat of Ezzelino da Romano
Date September 16, 1259[1][2]
Location Cassano d'Adda, Lombardy
Result Decisive Guelph victory[2][3]
Belligerents
Guelphs:[3][4][5]
House of Este
House of Pallavicino
House of Della Torre
Ghibellines:[6][7]
Brescia, Verona,
Vicenza, Pedemonte,
German Knights
Commanders and leaders
Azzo VII d'Este
[1][5][8][9]
Ezzelino III da Romano
[6][9][10][11]
Strength
Troops from:[12][13]
Milan, Cremona,
Mantua and Ferrara
8,000 Cavalry[6][7]
Incl. 3,000 Knights [6][7]
Casualties and losses
Unknown Heavy[11][12][14]

The Battle of Cassano was fought in the Autumn of 1259 between a Guelph and a Ghibelline army in northern Italy.

In 1259, Ezzelino da Romano and his Ghibelline army moved into Lombardy and besieged Orci Novi.[8] But the approach of the Guelph army forced Ezzelino to abandon the siege and cross the Oglio River. Joined by exiled nobles from Milan, the Ghibellines attempted to take the city of Monza by force, but the attempt failed.[12] Ezzelino and his troops, aware of the dangerous position they were now in, retreated to the Adda river.[12]

Here, Ezzelino III da Romano and his troops were defeated by the Guelphs under Azzo VII d'Este.[6][10] Ezzelino was wounded and captured,[3] and imprisoned at Soncino, where he died of his wounds a few days later.[8]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Vincent, Benjamin (1868). Haydn's Dictionary of Dates. London. 
  2. ^ a b Kaemmel, Otto (1902). Spamer's Illustrierte Weltgeschichte. Leipzig. 
  3. ^ a b c Böttiger, Karl Wilhelm (1835). Geschichte des deutschen Volkes und des deutschen Landes, Volume 1. Leipzig und Stuttgart. 
  4. ^ Lea, Henry Charles (1887). A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages Part Two. New York. 
  5. ^ a b Wagener, Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann (1862). Staats- und Gesellschafts-Lexikon: Vol X. Berlin. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Dr. Kortüm, Friedrich (1863). Geschichtliche Forschungen im Gebiete des Alterthums, des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit. Leipzig und Heidelberg. 
  7. ^ a b c de Cherrier, Claude (1841). Histoire de la lutte des papes. Paris. 
  8. ^ a b c Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1844). The Biographical Dictionary, Volume 4, Part 1. London. 
  9. ^ a b Herbermann, Charles George (1913). The Catholic encyclopedia, Volume 7. New York. 
  10. ^ a b Meyer, Hermann Julius (1858). Neues Conversations-Lexikon für alle Stände: Buchhandel - Cronegk, Volume 4. Hildburghausen und New York. 
  11. ^ a b Moscardo, Lodovico (1668). Historia di Verona. Verona. 
  12. ^ a b c d Ersch, Johann Samuel (1832). Allgemeine encyclopädie der wissenschaften und künste. Leipzig. 
  13. ^ Stowell, William Hendry (1823). The Eclectic review, Volume 19. London. 
  14. ^ Vanzon, Carlo Antonio (1842). Dizionario universale della lingua italiana. Palermo. 

Coordinates: 45°31′34″N 9°31′00″E / 45.52606°N 9.516771°E / 45.52606; 9.516771