Battle of Chimborazo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Atahualpa-Huáscar conflict
Part of Inca Civil War
Date After 1529, probably in 1531
Location At Chimborazo, in present-day Ecuador
Result Victory for Atahualpa's army, Huáscar forced to retreat
Territorial
changes
Huáscar's army routed
Cajamarca and Tumipampa retaken
Tumebamba razed
Belligerents
Atahualpans Huáscarans
Tumipampa auxiliaries
Commanders and leaders
Atahualpa
Chalkuchimac
Quizquiz
Rumiñahui
Inca Empire:
Atoc (POW)
Hango (POW)
Tumipampa remnants:
Ullco Colla 
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Chimborazo was among the first confrontations in the War of the two brothers, a struggle between Huáscar and Atahualpa for power over the Inca Empire. Atahualpa won, having the more capable generals; he drove Huáscar back onto the defensive.

The war resulted from a dispute over dynastic succession. In 1527, Huayna Capac died, leaving a large and powerful empire. He bequeathed the major part of his domain to Huáscar, who in 1531 invaded his brother Atahualpa's smaller share, the Northern Inca Empire.[citation needed] The capital Cajamarca was occupied, Tumebamba defected, and Atahualpa was captured. However, Atahualpa escaped with the aid of a small girl and united himself with Huayna Capac's generals Quizquiz and Chalicuchima, both skillful, and together they attacked Huáscar near Chimborazo. Although superior in numbers, Huáscar was defeated and forced to retreat. The foundations of Huáscar's power were shaken by the defeat, and in the next year, all Cusco dominance came to an end at Quipaipan.
Atoc was reportedly captured in the battle and suffered a most gruesome death at the hands of Chalkuchimac. Some sources suggest his head was used as a golden cup, others that he was left on the battlefield with his eyes torned out. Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa claims he and second-in command Hango were flayed and their skins used as drums. Ullco Colla, lord of the defected Tumipampa tribe, died in battle and his city captured shortly after, but reportedly spared by Atahualpa.

Bibliography[edit]