Battle of Chosin Reservoir order of battle

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Battle of Chosin Reservoir Order of Battle is a list of the significant units that fought in the Battle of Chosin Reservoir between November 27, 1950 and December 13, 1950.

U.S. forces[edit]

US X Corps SSI.png X Corps - MG Edward Mallory 'Ned' Almond[edit]

USMC units[edit]

1st MARDIV 2 insignia.png 1st Marine Division - MajGen Oliver Prince Smith
Forward Command Post - Col. Gregon A. Williams, COS [1]
1st Military Police Company - Capt. John H. Griffin
1st Reconnaissance Company - Maj. Walter Gall
41st Royal Marine Commando (attached) - Maj. Dennis Aldridge, RM vice LCol. Douglas B. Drysdale, RM (WIA 29Nov50)
1st Marine Regiment (RCT-1) - Col. Lewis B. Puller
Antitank Company, 1st Marines - Capt. George E. Petro
4.2" Mortar Company, 1st Marines - Capt. Frank J. Faureck
H&S Company, 1st Marines - Capt. Frank P. Tatum
1st Battalion 1st Marines - LCol. Donald M. Schmuck
2nd Battalion 1st Marines - LCol. Allan Sutter
3rd Battalion 1st Marines - LCol. Thomas L. Ridge (Concurrent commander, Hagaru-ri Defense Force)
G Company, 3rd Bn, 1st Marines (attached, Task Force Drysdale) - Capt. Carl L. Sitter, MOH
5th Marine Regiment (RCT-5) - LCol. Raymond L. Murray
Antitank Company, 5th Marines - Capt. Rex O. Dillo
4.2" Mortar Company, 5th Marines - 1Lt. Robert M. Lucy
H&S Company, 5th Marines - Capt. Jack Hawthorn
1st Battalion 5th Marines - LCol. John W. Stevens II
2nd Battalion 5th Marines - LCol. Harold S. Roise
3rd Battalion 5th Marines - LCol. Robert D. Taplett
7th Marine Regiment (RCT-7) - Col. Homer L. Litzenberg
Antitank Company, 7th Marines - 1Lt. Earl R. Delong vice Maj. Walter T. Warren (WIA 8Dec50)
4.2" Mortar Company, 7th Marines - Maj. Rodney V. Reighard
H&S Company, 7th Marines - Maj Rodney V. Reighard (concurrent) vice Maj. Walter T. Warren (WIA 8Dec50)
1st Battalion 7th Marines - Maj, Webb D. Sawyer vice LCol. Raymond G. Davis, MOH (trnf 8Dec50)
2nd Battalion 7th Marines - LCol. Randolph S. D. Lockwood
3rd Battalion 7th Marines - Maj. Warren Morris vice LCol. William F. Harris (MIA 6Dec50)
11th Marine Regiment - Col. Carl A. Youngdale vice Col. James H. Brower (NBC 30Nov50)
Headquarters Battery, 11th Marines - 1Lt. William C. Patton
Service Battery, 11th Marines - 1Lt. Joseph M. Brent
C Battery, 4.5" Rocket Battalion, FMFPAC (attached) - 1Lt Eugene A. Bushe
1st Battalion 11th Marines (105mm) (detached to RCT-5) - LCol. Harvey A. Feehan
2nd Battalion 11th Marines (105mm) (detached to RCT-1) - LCol. Merritt Adelman
3rd Battalion 11th Marines (105mm) (detached to RCT-7) - LCol Francis F. Perry
4th Battalion 11th Marines (155mm) (one battery detached to each RCT) - Maj. William McReynolds
1st Motor Transport Battalion, 1st Marine Division - Lt. Col. Olin L. Beall
A Company, 7th Motor Transport Battalion, FMFPAC (attached) - Capt. Ira N. Hayes
Elements, 1st Tank Battalion, 1st Marine Division - LCol. Harry T. Milne
B Company, 1st Tank Battalion - Capt. Bruce F. Williams
D Company, 1st Tank Battalion (attached to Task Force Drysdale) - Capt. Bruce W. Clarke
1st Amphibian Tractor Battalion (less detachments) - LCol. Erwin F. Wann, Jr.
1st Engineer Battalion, 1st Marine Division (less detachments) - LCol. John H. Partridge
1st Medical Battalion, 1st Marine Division - Cdr. Howard A. Johnson, USN
1st Ordnance Battalion, 1st Marine Division (detachments to each RCT)- Maj. Lloyd O. Williams
1st Service Battalion, 1st Marine Division (detachments to each RCT)- LCol. Charles L. Banks
1st Shore Party Battalion, 1st Marine Division - LCol. Henry P. Crowe
1st Signal Battalion, 1st Marine Division (detachments to each RCT) - Maj. Robert L. Schreier
Marine Observation Squadron 6 (VMO-6: attached for operations) - Maj. Vincent J. Gottschalk

U.S. Army units[edit]

3 Infantry Div Patch.svg 3rd Infantry Division - MG Robert Soule
7th Infantry Regiment - COL John S. Guthrie {provided 3rd Battalion (LTC O'Neill) to Task Force Dog (BG Mead) as rear guard for the 1st MARDIV from Chinhung-ni to Majon-dong}
1st Battalion - LTC Charles Heinrich
2nd Battalion - MAJ Samuel G. Kail
3rd Battalion - LTC Thomas O'Neill
10th Armored Field Artillery Battalion - LTC Walter A. Downing
15th Infantry Regiment - COL Dennis M. Moore
1st Battalion - LTC Robert Blanchard
2nd Battalion - LTC Allen Peck
3rd Battalion - LTC Edward Farrell
58th Armored Field Artillery Battalion - LTC Harry A. Stella
65th Infantry Regiment - COL William W. Harris
1st Battalion - LTC Howard St. Clair
2nd Battalion - LTC Herman Dammer
3rd Battalion - MAJ E.G. Allen
39th Armored Field Artillery Battalion - LTC Robert B. Neely
Company B, 10th Engineer Combat Battalion
Company D, 10th Engineer Combat Battalion
7th ID SSI.svg 7th Infantry Division - MG David Goodwin Barr,[2]
7th Division Artillery
7th Division Artillery Hq Battery
31st Field Artillery Battalion
48th Field Artillery Battalion
49th Field Artillery Battalion
51st Field Artillery Battalion
17th Infantry Regiment - COL Herbert B. Powell
Headquarters Company, 17th Infantry Regiment
1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment
31st Infantry Regiment - COL Allan D. MacLean
Regimental Combat Team 31 aka Task Force Maclean/Task Force Faith
Heavy Mortar Company, 31st Infantry Regiment
Medical Company, 31st Infantry Regiment
Tank Company, 31st Infantry Regiment - CPT Robert E. Drake
1st Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment - {"B" Company part of Task Force Drysdale}
3rd Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment - LTC William Reidy
1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment- LTC Don Faith
Battery D , 15th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion {one Platoon}
Batteries A and B, 57th Field Artillery Battalion
32nd Infantry Regiment - COL Charles M. Mount, Jr.
1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment -LTC Don Faith {attached to Regimental Combat Team 31}
3rd Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment
KATUSA

Task Force Drysdale[edit]

RoyalMarineBadge.png41 Independent Commando Royal Marines - LTC Douglas B. Drysdale
Headquarters Troops
Company B, 1st Battalion, 31st Infantry Regiment
Company D, 1st Tank Battalion (U.S.M.C.)
Company G, 1st Marine Regiment

Task Force Dog[edit]

(6 through 11 December 1950)[3][4][5]

BG Armistead D. Mead
Detachment Headquarters (HQ), 3d Infantry Division (United States) (and a detachment from the tactical command post)
3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment
92nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion (Self-propelled [SP] 155mm howitzers)
52nd Truck Transportation Battalion
Company A, 10th Engineer Combat Battalion
Company A, 73rd Engineer Combat Battalion
3rd Platoon, 3rd Reconnaissance Company
HQ Detachment, 3d Antiaircraft Artillery (AAA), Automatic Weapons (AW) Battalion (SP)
Detachment, 3rd Division Ordnance Bomb Disposal Unit
Detachment, 3rd Signal Company
Detachment, Tactical Air Control Party
Company G, 65th RCT General Support
999th Field Artillery Battalion, General Support Reinforcing (GSR)

Feaf.gif Far East Air Forces - LTG George Stratemeyer[edit]

Fifth Air Force - Emblem.png Fifth Air Force - MG Earle Partridge
374th Airlift Wing.jpg 347th Troop Carrier Wing - BG John Henebry
21st Troop Carrier Squadron
61st Troop Carrier Squadron
MAG-33 insignia in Korea.jpgMarine Aircraft Group 33 - Col Frank C. Dailey {Operational Control to X Corps from Fifth Air Force Joint Operations Center 4 November to 24 December 1950}[6]
VMO-6 - Maj Vincent J. Gottschalk
VMR-152 - LtCol Deane C. Roberts
VMF-212 - LtCol Richard W. Wyczawski
VMF-214 - Maj William M. Lundin
VMF-312 - LtCol Frank Cole
VMF-323 - Maj Arnold L. Lund
VMF(N)-513 - LtCol David C. Wolfe
VMF(AW)-542 - LtCol Max J. Volcansek
MTACS-2 - Maj Christian C. Lee

US Seventh Fleet[edit]

Task Force 77
Task Force 90

Republic of Korea forces[edit]

I ROK Corps - MG Kim, Pac II {not directly involved in the battle of the Changjin Lake, but part of X Corps organization north of the 38th Parallel}
3rd ROK Division - BG Rhee, Chong Chan
ROK Capital Division - BG Song, Yo Chan
ROK 1st Marine Regiment {attached to the US 1st Marine Division}

Notable U.S. participants and battle honors awarded[edit]

U.S. Marine Corps[edit]

U.S. Army[edit]

  • Col. Allan D. MacLean, US Army, Commanded all US Army troops East of the Reservoir, posthumously awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for actions as Commander of RCT 31 east of the Reservoir (Task Force Maclean).[9]
  • Lt Col. Don Faith, US Army, posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for actions as a commander of RCT 31 (Task Force Faith).
  • Lt Col. John Page, US Army, X Corps Artillery, was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for actions at Koto-ri and during the breakout.
  • Major Robert E. Jones, US Army, S-3 of 1/32 Inf., awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[10]
  • Major Harvey Storms, US Army, 3/31 Inf was posthumously awarded the Silver Star.
  • Captain Earle H. Jordan, US Army, M/31, awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[11]
  • Captain George R. Cody, US Army, HMC 31 Inf., posthumously awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of the Reservoir (RCT 31).[12]
  • 2nd Lt. James C. Barnes, US Army, 48 FAB and FO to 1/32 Inf., awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions during breakout.[13]
  • Lt. Alfred J. Anderson, US Army, B/31, awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions at Hell's Fire Valley.[14]
  • Lt. John E. Gray, US Army, M/31, awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[15]
  • Lt. Robert G. Schmitt, US Army M/31, posthumously awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[16]
  • Lt. Cecil G. Smith, US Army, A/32, awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions during breakout.[17]
  • Sgt. Harold P. Haugland, US Army, D/15 AAA Bn., awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[18]
  • Sgt. Charles Garrigus, US Army, 1/32 Inf., posthumously awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[19]
  • Sgt. Stanford O. Corners, US Army Med/A/57 FAB, awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[20]
  • Sgt. George H. Paine, US Army, H/31, awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions at Koto-ri.[21]
  • Cpl. James H. Godfrey, US Army, D/32 Inf., awarded Distinguished Service Cross for actions east of Reservoir (RCT 31).[22]

People's Republic of China forces[edit]

People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 9th Army Group - Commander and Commissar Song Shi-Lun[edit]

20th Army (People's Republic of China) - Commander and Commissar Zhang Yixiang, Deputy Commander Liao Zhengguo[23]
58th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander and Commissar Huang Chaotian[23]
172nd Regiment[nb 1]
173rd Regiment
174th Regiment
59th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander and Commissar Dai Kelin[23]
175th Regiment
176th Regiment
177th Regiment
60th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander Chen Ting[23]
178th Regiment
179th Regiment
180th Regiment
89th Division (People's Republic of China) (Attached to 20th Army from 30th Army (People's Republic of China)) - Commander Yu Guangmao[23]
265th Regiment
266th Regiment
270th Regiment
26th Army (People's Republic of China) - Commander Zhang Renchu, Commissar Li Yaowen[23]
76th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander Gao Wenran[23]
226th Regiment
227th Regiment
228th Regiment
77th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander Wang Jianqing[23]
229th Regiment
230th Regiment
231st Regiment
78th Division (People's Republic of China)[nb 2] - Commander Chen Zhongmei[23]
232nd Regiment
233rd Regiment
234th Regiment
88th Division (People's Republic of China)[nb 2] (Attached to 26th Army from 30th Army (People's Republic of China)) - Commander Wu Dalin[23]
262nd Regiment
263rd Regiment
264th Regiment
27th Army (People's Republic of China) - Commander Peng Deqing, Commissar Liu Haotian[23]
79th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander Xiao Jinghai[23]
235th Regiment
236th Regiment
237th Regiment
80th Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander Zhan Danan[23]
238th Regiment
239th Regiment
240th Regiment
81st Division (People's Republic of China) - Commander Sun Duanfu[23]
241st Regiment
242nd Regiment
243rd regiment
94th Division (People's Republic of China)[nb 3] (Attached to 27th from 30th Army (People's Republic of China)) - Commander Wu Lanting[23]
280th Regiment
281st Regiment
182nd Regiment
30th Army (People's Republic of China)
See the 88th, 89th and 94th Divisions attached to the 20th, 26th and 27th Armies.

People's Liberation Army Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 13th Army Group[edit]

42nd Army (People's Republic of China)[nb 4] - Commander Wu Ruilin, Commissar Zhou Biao[24]
124th Division (People's Republic of China):
370th Regiment
371st Regiment
372nd Regiment
125th Division (People's Republic of China):
373rd Regiment
374th Regiment
375th Regiment
126th Division (People's Republic of China):
376th Regiment
377th Regiment
378th Regiment

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ All regiment information are taken from Ryan, Mark A.; Finkelstein, David M.; McDevitt, Michael A. (2003). Chinese warfighting: The PLA experience since 1949. Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe. p. 121. ISBN 0-7656-1087-6. 
  2. ^ a b Did not arrive in time to join the battle.
  3. ^ Misidentified as the 90th Division by UN intelligence.
  4. ^ Not directly involved in the battle.
Citations
  1. ^ All references in this document are adapted from Hammel, Eric M. Chosin: Heroic Ordeal of the Korean War Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1990, Appendix A, pp. 425-436 and Montross, Lynn and Nicholas A. Canzona U.S. Marine Operations in Korea, v.3: The Chosin Reservoir Campaign. Washington, D.C., Historical Branch, G 3, Headquarters Marine Corps: 1957, Appendix F, pp. 383-395
  2. ^ Arlington Cemetery David Goodwin Barr
  3. ^ Taylor, George O. JR. "The Forgotten War's Forgotten Task Force". Army Magazine, Association of the United States Army (Vol 52, # 7, July 2002, p43–48)ISSN 0004-2455
  4. ^ Cowart, Glenn C. (1992). Miracle In Korea: The Evacuation of X Corps from the Hungnam Beachhead. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-829-8.
  5. ^ Stewart, Richard W., Staff Operations: The X Corps in Korea, December 1950], Combat Studies Institute, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, April 1991
  6. ^ Appleman, Roy E., UNITED STATES ARMY IN THE KOREAN WAR, SOUTH TO THE NAKTONG, NORTH TO THE YALU (June–November 1950), Page 744
  7. ^ "Olin L. Beall". Military Times. 
  8. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Harris&GSfn=William&GSbyrel=all&GSdy=1950&GSdyrel=in&GSst=19&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=37297918&df=all&
  9. ^ "Allan Duard MacLean". Military Times. 
  10. ^ "Robert Ellis Jones". Military Times. 
  11. ^ "Earle H. Jordan, Jr.". Military Times. 
  12. ^ "George R. Cody". Military Times. 
  13. ^ "James C. Barnes, Jr.". Military Times. 
  14. ^ "Alfred Julius Anderson". Military Times. 
  15. ^ "John Edward Gray". Military Times. 
  16. ^ "Robert G. Schmitt". Military Times. 
  17. ^ "Cecil G. Smith". Military Times. 
  18. ^ "Harold Peter Haugland". Military Times. 
  19. ^ "Charles Garrigus". Military Times. 
  20. ^ "Stanford Oscar Corner". Military Times. 
  21. ^ "George H. Paine". Military Times. 
  22. ^ "James H. Godfrey". Military Times. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o (Chinese) Guang, Ting (光亭) (2007-04), "Ice and Blood, Changjin Lake (冰血长津湖)", in Dong, Min Jie (董旻杰), Der Strum (突击) Magazine Korean War Special Issue (1st ed.) (Hohhot, Inner Mongolia: Inner Mongolian People's Publishing Group (内蒙古人民出版社)), ISBN 7-204-08166-8 
  24. ^ Chinese Military Science Academy (September 2000). History of War to Resist America and Aid Korea (抗美援朝战争史). Volume II. Beijing: Chinese Military Science Academy Publishing House. p. 365. ISBN 7-80137-390-1.