Battle of Cocherel

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Battle of Cocherel
Part of Hundred Years' War
Duguesclin Cocherel.jpg
Jean de Grailly surrender to Bertrand du Guesclin
Date 16 May 1364
Location near of Houlbec-Cocherel (Eure)
Result Decisive French victory[1]
Belligerents
Blason fr Bourgogne.svg Burgundy
COA fr BRE.svg Bretagne
Blason province fr Gascogne.svg Gascony
Blason pays fr FranceAncien.svg France
Blason Royaume Navarre.svg Navarre
Commanders and leaders
Blason du Guesclin.svg Du Guesclin Blason Jean de Grailly.svg Jean de Grailly (POW)
Strength
1,500 to 3,000 5,000 to 6,000 and 300 archers
Battle of Cocherel (painting between c. 1380 and 1392)

The Battle of Cocherel was fought on 16 May 1364 between the forces of Charles V of France and the forces of Charles II of Navarre (known as Charles the Bad), over the succession to the dukedom of Burgundy. [2] The king of France's forces were led by Bertrand du Guesclin, though Jean, Count of Auxerre was the highest-ranking noble present. There were knights from Burgundy (f. e. Jean de Vienne), Breton, Picard, Parisian and Gascon people.[2]

The forces of Navarre were commanded by the Gascon chief, Jean de Grailly, Captal de Buch and mainly consisted of 800 to 900 knights and 4000 to 5000 soldiers from Normandy, Gascony and England, including 300 English archers.[3] The English and Gascons consisted mainly of routier companies that had been operating in Brittany and Western France.[2]

The Navarrese army was lined up in three battalions. It took up a defensive position, with the archers forming wedged divisions along the front, as had been a standard tactic for English armies of the period. In the past when the opposing army had advanced then they would be cut to pieces by the archers, however in this battle, du Guesclin managed to break the defensive formation by attacking and then pretending to retreat, which tempted the enemy from their hill in pursuit. A flank attack by du Guesclin's reserve then won the day. [2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ S. H. Cuttler (18 December 2003). The Law of Treason and Treason Trials in Later Medieval France. Cambridge University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-521-52643-2. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Wagner. Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. pp. 102-103
  3. ^ André Castelot, Du Guesclin le vainqueur de Cocherel in Vivre au Moyen Âge, Historia Spécial 1996.

References[edit]

  • Turnbull, Stephen. The Book of the Medieval Knight. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1985. ISBN 0-85368-715-3
  • Wagner, John A (2006). Encyclopedia of the Hundred Years War. Westport CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32736-X. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Battle of Cocherel at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 49°1′16″N 3°6′7″E / 49.02111°N 3.10194°E / 49.02111; 3.10194