Battle of Coyotepe Hill

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Battle of Coyotepe Hill
Part of the Nicaraguan Civil War, Occupation of Nicaragua, Banana Wars
El Coyotepe 2.jpg
Two Marines with Coyotepe Hill in the background in October of 1912.
Date October 3–4, 1912
Location near Masaya, Nicaragua
Result United States victory
Belligerents
 United States Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaraguan Rebels
Commanders and leaders
United States Joseph H. Pendleton
United States Smedley Butler
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Benjamín Zeledón
Strength
~850 marines
~100 sailors
2 artillery pieces
~350 militia
~4 artillery pieces
2 forts
Casualties and losses
4 killed
~10 wounded
32 killed

The Battle of Coyotepe Hill was a significant engagement during the United States occupation of Nicaragua from August through November 1912 during the insurrection staged by Minster of War General Luis Mena against the government of President Adolfo Díaz.

Coyotepe is an old fortress located on a 500 foot hill overlooking the strategic railroad line near Masaya roughly half-way between Managua and Granada, Nicaragua. On October 2–4, 1912, a Nicaraguan rebel force led by General Benjamín Zeledón occupying Coyotepe and another hill, Barranca fort, overlooking the strategic rail line, refused to surrender to government troops under President Adolfo Díaz.[1]:152 U.S. Marine Major Smedley Butler's marine battalion, that Zeledón's rebels had skirmished with on September 19, returned from its capture of Granada, Nicaragua on October 3 and shelled the rebel stronghold on Coyotepe. During pre-dawn hours on October 4, Butler's battalion, in concert with two marine battalions and one from the USS California led by marine Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton converged from different positions to storm the hill and capture it. Zeledón was killed during the battle, probably by his own men.[1]:153

With the capture of León, Nicaragua two days later by U.S. Marines and the recapture of Masaya by Nicaraguan government troops, the Nicaraguan revolution of 1912 was essentially over.[2]

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