Battle of Curuzú

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Battle of Curuzú
Part of the Paraguayan War
Cándido Lopez - Desembarco del Ejército Argentino frente a las trincheras de Curuzú - Google Art Project.jpg
Brazilian (all blue uniform) and Argentine (blue and red uniform) troops landing in Curuzú
Date 1-3 September 1866
Location Curuzu, Paraguay
Result Allied victory
 Empire of Brazil


Commanders and leaders
Paraguay Colonel Manuel Antonio Gimenez ArgentinaBartolomé Mitre
Empire of Brazil Gen. Baron de Porto Alegre
2,500 men and 13 Cannon[1]:61 4,500 infantry ans 3,800 dismounted cavalry
5 Ironclads[1]:61
Casualties and losses
700 killed
1,800 wounded
32 captured[1]:61
159 killed
629 wounded [1]:61

The Battle of Curuzu occurred between September 1 and September 3 in 1866 in during the Paraguayan War.

After the first Battle of Tuyuti, won by the Allies on May 24 in 1866, an Allied council of war decided to use their navy to bombard and capture the Paraguayan battery at Curupayti.[1]:60


On September 1, five Brazilian ironclads, Bahia, Barroso, Lima Barros, Rio de Janeiro and Brasil began bombarding the batteries at Curuzu, which continued the next day. That is when the Rio de Janeiro hit two mines and sank immediately along with her commander Américo Brasílio Silvado, and 50 sailors. Simultaneously, 8,391 men of the Brazilian 2nd Corps, under the command of Gen. Baron de Porto Alegre, attacked the Paraguayan batteries at Curuzu, south of the main stronghold of Humaitá on the shores of Paraguay River.[1]:61

On September 3, the fort, commanded by Colonel Jimenez, was stormed. The defenders relied on the advantage of the wetlands and bushes around the fort. The fort was conquered after a heavy bombardment, and the Paraguayan army was pursued until the vicinity of Curupaiti.[1]:61


President Francisco Solano López decimated the 10th Infantry Battalion on 10 Sept. 1866, killing 63 men.[1]:61



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Hooker, T.D., 2008, The Paraguayan War, Nottingham: Foundry Books, ISBN 1901543153
  • DONATO, Hernâni. Dicionário das batalhas brasileiras. 2a ed, IBRASA, 1996, ISBN 978-85-348-0034-1, 593 pp.