Battle of Cuzco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Cuzco (1533)
Part of the Spanish conquest of Peru
Date On or shortly before November 15, 1533
Location Cuzco, present-day Peru
Result Decisive Spanish victory

Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spanish Empire
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Spanish Conquistadores
Native allies

Inca Empire
Commanders and leaders
Francisco Pizarro
Gonzalo Pizarro
Hernando Pizarro
Juan Pizarro II
Diego de Almagro
Thousands of native auxiliaries
250-300, 60+ cavalry and 3 guns
Unknown, but probably 10,000-100,000
Casualties and losses
Minimal, mainly Indians Thousands, army routed

The Battle of Cuzco was fought in 1533 between the forces of Spain and of the Incas. The Spanish forces were led by Francisco Pizarro who, after executing the Inca Atahualpa, marched to Cuzco, the capital of the Incan Empire. As the Spanish force approached Cuzco, however, Pizarro sent his brother Hernando and Hernando de Soto ahead with forty men. The advance guard fought a pitched battle with Incan troops in front of the city, securing victory. The Incan army under the command of Quizquiz withdrew during the night. The battle had ended in November, before Francisco Pizarro arrived with the rest of the Spanish party in March of the following year. The Spanish plundered Cuzco, where they found much gold and silver. Quizquiz was eventually killed, after being struck down by his own followers, leaving none to lead the Inca Empire, since his only equal commander Chalkuchimac had been burned in captivity.

Eventually, Manco Inca Yupanqui tried to recapture the city three years later with some 100,000 Incas, but ultimately failed after a ten-month siege.