Battle of Damghan (1729)

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For earlier battle of the same name, see Battle of Damghan (1447).
Battle of Damghan
Date September 29 – October 5, 1729
Location Mehmandust near Damghan
Result Decisive Persian victory;
Afghans banished and expelled from Persia back to Afghanistan
Afsharid forces Hotaki forces
Commanders and leaders
Nadir Shah Afsharid
Lotf Ali Khan
Tahmasp Khan Jalayer
Fath Ali Khan Kayani
Latif Khan
Ashraf Hotaki
Mohammad Seidal
Nasrullah Khan
Zebardust Khan
25,000 [1] Unknown [1]
Casualties and losses
3,000 [2] Unknown [1]

The Battle of Damghan or Battle of Mehmandoost was fought from September 29 to October 5, 1729, near the city of Damghan. It resulted in the Afghan invaders who had invaded a heavily declined Safavid Dynasty, ridden by civil strife, royal intrigues, and tiring wars against their Ottoman Turkish arch rivals, forever being banished and expelled back to Afghanistan by the Afsharid Persians commanded by Nader Shah

The battle was followed by another one in Murcheh-Khort, a village near Isfahan. Nadir Shah's forces were victorious in both battles, which led him to remove the Ghilzai Afghan dynasty from their short stay on the Persian throne. The Hotakis were forced back to their territory in what is now southern Afghanistan.

Meanwhile Ashraf, having taken Yazd and Kirmán, marched into Khurásán with an army of thirty thousand men to give battle to Ṭahmásp, but he was completely defeated by Nádir on October 2 at Dámghán. Another decisive battle was fought in the following year at Múrchakhúr near Iṣfahán. The Afgháns were again defeated and evacuated Iṣfahán to the number of twelve thousand men, but, before quitting the city he had ruined, Ashraf murdered the unfortunate ex-Shah Husayn, and carried off most of the ladies of the royal family and the King's treasure. When Ṭahmásp II entered Iṣfahán on December 9 he found only his old mother, who had escaped deportation by disguising herself as a servant, and was moved to tears at the desolation and desecration which met his eyes at every turn. Nádir, having finally induced Ṭahmásp to empower him to levy taxes on his own authority, marched southwards in pursuit of the retiring Afgháns, whom he overtook and again defeated near Persepolis. Ashraf fled from Shíráz towards his own country, but cold, hunger and the unrelenting hostility of the inhabitants of the regions which he had to traverse dissipated his forces and compelled him to abandon his captives and his treasure, and he was finally killed by a party of Balúch tribesmen. Thus ended the disastrous period of Afghán dominion in Persia in A.D. 1730, having lasted eight years.[1]

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  1. ^ a b c d "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722-1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 31. Retrieved 2010-09-24. 
  2. ^ Ferrier, J. P. (1858). History of the Afghans. Murray. p. 61. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 

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