Timeline of Kosovo history

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This is a timeline containing events regarding the history of Kosovo.

Prehistory, Roman era - 13th century AD[edit]

Illyria and Dardania Kingdoms

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

  • 1402: Stefan Lazarević, Prince (r. 1389–1402), assumes the title of Despot (r. 1402–1427). This took place after the Ottoman state temporarily collapsed following Mongol emir Timur's invasion of Anatolia (Battle of Ankara). The Ottoman interregnum lasted until 1413, as Bayezid's sons fought over succession.
  • 1402: In the feud between Ottoman vassal Đurađ Branković and his uncle Despot Stefan, Đurađ II Balšić sided with Stefan. Due to Đurađ II's support, Stefan defeated Ottoman forces led by Branković in the battle of Gračanica on the Kosovo field (21 June 1402) (.[45]
  • 1412 After the battle of Angora in 1402, Prince Stefan took advantage of the chaos in the Ottoman state. In Constantinople he received the title of despot, and upon returning home, having defeated Brankovic's relatives he took control over the lands of his father. Despite frequent internal conflicts and his vassal obligations to the Turks and Hungarians, despot Stefan revived and economically consolidated the Serbian state, the center of which was gradually moving northward. Under his rule Novo Brdo in Kosovo became the economic center of Serbia where in he issued a Law of Mines in 1412[citation needed]
  • 1412: Stefan Lazarević issued a Code of Mines in 1412 in Novo Brdo, the economic center of Serbia. In his legacy, Resava-Manasija monastery (Pomoravlje District), he organized the Resava School, a center for correcting, translating, and transcribing books.
  • 1413, 5 July: Musa Çelebi is killed, ending the Ottoman Interregnum with Mehmed Çelebi emerging as Sultan.
  • 1427 Stefan Lazarević died suddenly in 1427, leaving the throne to his nephew Đurađ Branković.
  • 1430 The whole of Macedonia was conquered by the Ottomans.[citation needed]
  • 1443, the Ottoman army was defeated, at the Serbian town of Niš, by a crusade under a multi-national leadership which included the Hungarian hero János Hunyadi. At this point Skanderbeg, an Albanian nobleman who had been trained as a soldier in the Ottoman army, raised a rebellion from his family seat at Kruja.[citation needed]
  • 1448 Battle of Kosovo (1448)
  • 1453 Fall of Constantinople in 1453.
  • Between 1455 and 1459: Ottoman conquest of the Serbian Despotate. Prizren is conquered in 1455.[46] The Monastery of the Holy Archangels is looted and destroyed.[47] The Ottoman Sanjak of Prizren is established, existing until 1912.
  • After 1455: Building of Namazgah Mosque.[citation needed]
  • 1455 Building of Xhumasë Mosque.[citation needed]

16th century[edit]

17th century[edit]

18th century[edit]

19th century[edit]

Lidhja e Prizrenit

20th century[edit]

The time period, 1919 - 1926 was characterized by massive migrations of Kosovars [83]

    • 1919 – 23,500 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1920 – 8,536 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1921 – 24,532 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1922 – 12,307 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1923 – 6,389 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1924 – 9,630 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 43 families immigrated to Albania
  • 1924 (May 25) - The armies of Bajram Curri start a revolt [84]
  • 1925 (March 29) – Bajram Curri is killed [84][85]
  • 1925 – 4,315 Kosovars immigrated to Turkey, 148 families immigrated to Albania
  • 1926 – 4,012 Kosovars immigrated to Turkey, 399 families immigrated to Albania
  • 1926 (November 20) - A revolt in Metohija begins.[67]

The time period, 1927 - 36 was characterized by massive migrations of Kosovars [83]

    • 1927 – 5,197 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 316 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1928 – 4,326 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 149 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1929 – 6,219 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 216 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1930 – 13,215 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 199 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1931 – 28,807 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 624 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1932 – 6,219 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 211 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1933 – 3,420 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 181 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1934 – 14,500 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 328 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1935 – 9,565 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 386 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1936 – 4,252 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 182 families immigrated to Albania
  • 1936 (January–February) - Oil Workers start a strike in Kosovo [67]
    • 1937 – 4,234 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1938 – 7,251 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey, 4,046 families immigrated to Albania
    • 1939 – 7,255 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
  • 7 April 1939: During World War II, the majority of Kosovo was part of the Italian occupation of Albania.
    • 1940 – 6,792 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
  • 1941 (April 6) - The Invasion of Yugoslavia by Hitler's army [86]
  • September 1943: Kosovo becomes part of Nazi German occupied Albania.
  • 1943 (September 16) - The Second League of Prizren took place, led by Bedri Pejani,[87][88][89]
  • 1944: The Democratic Federal Yugoslavia is created with the national boundary with Albania precisely as it had been prior to World War II.
  • 1944 (January 2) – In the Assembly of Bujan, Kosovars declared that they are a political population and that they want to unite with Albania [57][67][90]
  • 1944 (October 5) - The Fifth Brigade, and days later The Third Brigade of the Albanian army(UNÇSH), cross the state border to enslave Kosovo from enemy occupation [83]
  • 1944 (October 23) - The Pristina Massacre [83]
  • 1944 (November 7) - The liberation of Đakovica by the Albanian army [67][83]
  • 1944 (November 18) - The final liberation of Dukagjin and Kosovo by the Albanian army [67]
  • 1946: Kosovo as a political unit resurfaces for the first time since 1912. Now named the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija, the new entity exists as an autonomous region within the Socialist Republic of Serbia but it only occupies a fraction of the territory which had been Kosovo prior to 1912: whilst a part of the former vilayet remained within Central Serbia, the other lands were placed in the newly created Yugoslav republics of Montenegro and Macedonia (both outside of and equal partners to Serbia).

The time period, 1952 - 1965 was characterized by massive migrations of Kosovars [83]

    • 1952 – 37,000 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1953 – 19,300 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1954 – 17,500 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1955 – 51,000 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1956 – 54,000 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1958 – 41,300 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1957 – 57,710 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1959 – 32,000 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1960 – 27,980 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1961 – 31,600 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1962 – 15,910 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1963 – 25,720 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
  • 1963: As a result of the new constitution, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is announced. Kosovo sees an increase in the level of self-rule.
    • 1964 – 21,530 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey
    • 1965 – 19,821 Kosovars emigrated to Turkey

21st century[edit]

Geographical map of Kosovo
Flag of Kosovo
Map of the Republic of Kosovo, as proclaimed in 2008

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See also[edit]