Breton–Norman War

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Breton–Norman War
Part of Middle Ages
Bayeux Tapestry scene19 Dinan.jpg
The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Dinan, one of the decisive battles of the war.
Date 1064–1066
Location Château de Dinan, Brittany
Result Norman victory
Belligerents
Royal Arms of England (1198-1340).svg Kingdom of England
Arms of William the Conqueror (1066-1087).svg Duchy of Normandy
COA fr BRE.svg Duchy of Brittany
Commanders and leaders
Harold Godwinson
William, Duke of Normandy
Rivallon I of Dol-Combourg
Conan II of Brittany

The Breton–Norman War was fought between the Duchy of Brittany and the Duchy of Normandy in the 11th century.

War[edit]

Brittany, an independent Celtic duchy, had a traditional rivalry with neighboring Normandy. The 1064–1065 war between Brittany and Normandy was sparked after William the Conqueror, as Duke of Normandy, supported Rivallon I of Dol's rebellion against the hereditary Duke of Brittany, Conan II.[1]

In 1065, the year before his invasion of Anglo-Saxon England, William of Normandy sent word to the surrounding countries (including Brittany), warning them against attacking his lands, on the grounds that his mission bore the papal banner.[2] However, Conan promptly informed the duke that he would take the opportunity to invade the latter's Duchy. William's army set out for battle. While outside the monastery of Mont Saint-Michel, two Norman soldiers became mired in quicksand, and Harold Godwinson, future King of England saved them.

Battle of Dinan[edit]

In this portion of the Bayeux Tapestry, some troops are depicted throwing spears, while others are trying to burn down the defenses
Not to be confused with Battle of Dinant.

The Battle of Dinan occurred in 1065. Harold fought on the side of William whose army chased Conan from Dol-de-Bretagne to Rennes and he finally surrendered at Château de Dinan, Brittany. The battle is recalled in the Bayeux Tapestry (see illustration).[3]

Conan's 1066 campaign and death[edit]

During Conan's 1066 campaign against Anjou, he took Pouancé and Segré, and arrived in Château-Gontier. There he was found dead after donning poisoned riding gloves. Duke William was widely suspected.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

Conan II was succeeded by his sister, Hawise, whose marriage to Hoel of Cornwall may have been a political move to consolidate and stabilize the east and west regions of the duchy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brittany Genealogy"
  2. ^ Howarth 2008.
  3. ^ Note: In the Bayeux Tapestry, Conan is pictured surrendering by giving William the keys to Dinan via a lance.
  4. ^ Howarth 2008, pp. 98–99.

Bibliography[edit]