Battle of Gemauerthof

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Battle of Gemauerthof
Part of the Great Northern War
Bm03116am.jpg
The Battle of Gemauerthof (engraving from the Johann Christoph Brotze's collection)
Date July 15, 1705 (O.S.)
July 16, 1705 (Swedish calendar)
July 26, 1705 (N.S.)[1]
Location Gemauerthof, Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, (present day Mūrmuiža about 80 km south-west of Riga, Latvia)
Result Swedish victory
Belligerents
Sweden Swedish Empire Russia Tsardom of Russia
Commanders and leaders
Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt Boris Sheremetyev
Strength
7,000:[2]

3,500 infantry,
3,500 cavalry,
17 regimental guns

14,000:[3]

3,600 infantry,
8,000 cavalry,
2,000–2,500 irregulars[4]
16 artillery pieces

Casualties and losses
1,900:[3]

900 killed,
1,000 wounded

5,000:[3]

2,000 killed,
2,000–3,000 wounded,
400 captured

The Battle of Gemauerthof was a battle in the Great Northern War, fought south of Riga, in present day Latvia in July of 1705. The Swedish forces under Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt fought a Russian army under Boris Sheremetyev. The Swedes, exhausted after forced marching, went to camp and were cooking supper when the news came of a large Russian army[5] with 16 artillery pieces nearby. The Swedes, who themselves had 17 artillery pieces[3] quickly deployed into battle formation and, encouraged by General Lewenhaupt, attacked the Russians. Although suffering severe setbacks on their right flank, the assault continued. On the left, the Swedish cavalry charged and broke the Russians. The infantry in the centre fired carefully at point-blank range and then charged, pushing their foes back in disorder. The battle ended in a confused melee, which was eventually won by the Swedes. The Russian cavalry withdrew while the infantry was destroyed by a combined-arms assault leaving 5,000 men dead, wounded or captured. The Swedes were victorious, but the victory was only symbolic. In August, the Russians conquered Courland.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Alf Åberg & Göte Göransson "Karoliner" p. 114 - 115

  1. ^ Peter Ullgren, Det stora nordiska kriget 1700-1721 (2008) Stockholm, Prisma. p. 128. ISBN 978-91-518-5107-5
  2. ^ Mankell, Julius (1865). Uppgifter rörande Svenska Krigsmagtens styrka. p. 391.
  3. ^ a b c d The Battle of Gemäuerthof, 16 July 1705, H.E. Uddgren. "Karolinska Förbundets Årsbok 1913" (Translated by Dan Schorr)
  4. ^ Boris Grigorjev & Aleksandr Bespalov (2012). Kampen mot övermakten. Baltikums fall 1700-1710. p. 154.
  5. ^ a b Liljegren, B., 2000. Karl XII: En Biografi. p 395.

Coordinates: 56°26′04″N 23°31′31″E / 56.43444°N 23.52528°E / 56.43444; 23.52528