Battle of Grimball's Landing

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Battle of Grimball's Landing
Part of the American Civil War
Date July 16, 1863 (1863-07-16)
Location James Island, South Carolina
Result Inconclusive
Belligerents
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
Alfred Terry
George Balch
Johnson Hagood
Units involved
1st Division, X Corps
Stono River Flotilla
1st Military District, South Carolina
Strength
3,800 3,000
Casualties and losses
30 killed,
14 prisoners[1]
3 killed,
12 wounded,
3 missing[1]

The Battle of Grimball's Landing took place in James Island, South Carolina, on July 16, 1863, during the American Civil War. It was a part of the campaign known as Operations Against the Defenses of Charleston.

Battle[edit]

To divert Confederate reinforcements from a renewed attack on nearby Fort Wagner, Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore designed two feints. An amphibious force ascended Stono River to threaten the Charleston & Savannah Railroad bridge. A second force, consisting of Alfred Terry's division, landed on James Island on July 8. Soon, Terry demonstrated against the Confederate defenses, but did not launch a major attack. On July 16, the Confederates attacked Terry's camp at Grimball's Landing. Because of incomplete reconnaissance of the difficult, marshy ground, the disorganized Confederate attack was soon aborted. Their mission accomplished, Federal troops withdrew from the island on July 17.

This battle was the first engagement of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, in which it suffered 43 casualties (14 killed, 17 wounded, and 12 captured).[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Capers, Ellison (1899). Confederate Military History. Volume 5. Confederate Publishing Company. p. 234.
  2. ^ Paul Heddon, "Battle of Sol Legare Island, July 16, 1863." James Island Messenger, July 16, 2014.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document "Grimball's Landing".

Further reading[edit]

  • Burton, E. Milby. The Siege of Charleston 1861–1865. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1970. ISBN 0-87249-345-8.
  • Kennedy, Frances H., ed. The Civil War Battlefield Guide. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1998. ISBN 0-395-74012-6.
  • Reed, Rowena. Combined Operations in the Civil War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1978. ISBN 0-87021-122-6.
  • Wise, Stephen R. Gate of Hell: Campaign for Charleston Harbor, 1863. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1994. ISBN 0-87249-985-5.

Coordinates: 32°41′53″N 79°58′59″W / 32.698°N 79.983°W / 32.698; -79.983