Battle of Hatchie's Bridge

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Battle of Hatchie Bridge
Part of American Civil War
Iuka-Corinth Campaign2.png
Second phase of the Iuka–Corinth Campaign
Date October 5, 1862 (1862-10-05)
Location Hardeman County and McNairy County, Tennessee
Result Union victory
Belligerents
United States United States (Union) Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
Edward O. C. Ord
Stephen A. Hurlbut
Earl Van Dorn
Sterling Price
Units involved
District of Jackson
(3 brigades)
Army of the West
Casualties and losses
500 400

The Battle of Hatchie's Bridge, also known as Battle of Davis Bridge or Matamora, was fought on October 5, 1862, in Hardeman County and McNairy County, Tennessee, as the final engagement of the Iuka–Corinth Campaign of the American Civil War. Confederate Major General Earl Van Dorn's army successfully evaded capture by the Union Army, following his defeat at the Battle of Corinth.

Van Dorn's (Confederate) Army of Tennessee retreated from Corinth, Mississippi, on October 4, 1862, but Union Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans did not send forces in pursuit until the morning of October 5. Maj. Gen. Edward O.C. Ord, commanding a detachment of Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee, was, pursuant to orders, advancing on Corinth to assist Rosecrans. On the night of October 4–5, he camped near Pocahontas. Between 7:30 and 8:00 a.m. the next morning, his force encountered Union Maj. Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut's 4th Division, District of Jackson, in the Confederates’ front. Ord took command of the now-combined Union forces and pushed Van Dorn’s advanced element, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price's Army of the West, back about five miles to the Hatchie River and across Davis's Bridge. After accomplishing this, Ord was wounded in the ankle and Hurlbut assumed command. While Price's men were hotly engaged with Ord's force, Van Dorn's scouts looked for and found another crossing of the Hatchie River. Van Dorn then led his army back to Holly Springs. Grant ordered Rosecrans to abandon the pursuit. Ord had forced Price to retreat, but the Confederates escaped capture or destruction. Although they should have done so, Rosecrans's army had failed to capture or destroy Van Dorn's force.[1][2][3]

Order of battle[edit]

Union
District of Jackson – Major General Edward O. C. Ord (w)

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

4th Division
     MG Stephen A. Hurlbut

1st Brigade


   BG Jacob G. Lauman

  • 52nd Indiana Infantry
  • 28th Illinois Infantry
  • 32nd Illinois Infantry
  • 41st Illinois Infantry
  • 53rd Illinois Infantry
2nd Brigade


   BG James C. Veatch

  • 15th Illinois Infantry
  • 14th Illinois Infantry
  • 25th Indiana Infantry
  • 53rd Indiana Infantry
  • 46th Illinois Infantry: Col John A. Davis (mw)
Provisional Brigade


   Col Robert K. Scott

  • 12th Michigan Infantry
  • 68th Ohio Infantry
Artillery
  • 2nd Illinois Artillery
  • 7th Ohio Artillery
Cavalry
  • 5th Ohio Cavalry


Confederate
Army of the West – Major General Earl Van Dorn

Price's Corps – Major General Sterling Price

Battlefield[edit]

Davis Bridge Battlefield
Battle of Hatchie's Bridge is located in Tennessee
Battle of Hatchie's Bridge
Nearest city Pocahontas, Tennessee
Coordinates 35°1′51″N 88°47′44″W / 35.03083°N 88.79556°W / 35.03083; -88.79556Coordinates: 35°1′51″N 88°47′44″W / 35.03083°N 88.79556°W / 35.03083; -88.79556
Built 1862
Governing body Private
MPS Archeological Resources of the American Civil War in Tennessee MPS
NRHP Reference # 97001549[4]
Added to NRHP July 13, 1998

The battlefield site, known as Davis Bridge Battlefield, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. A 5-acre (20,000 m2) area of the battlefield is part of the Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites, which was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1991. The total battlefield area deemed potentially eligible for the National Register is 5,103 acres (2,065 ha), of which 861.5 acres (348.6 ha) has protected status.[5]

References[edit]