Battle of Havana (1870)

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Battle of Havana
Part of the Franco-Prussian War
Combat du Bouvet et du Meteor.jpg

Combat du Bouvet et du Météot 2.jpg
Portrayals of the battle by a German artist (top) and a French one (bottom)
Date November 9, 1870
Location off Havana, Cuba
Result Indecisive
Belligerents
German Empire North German Confederation France France
Strength
1 gunboat
60 men
1 aviso
80 men
Casualties and losses
1 gunboat damaged
2 killed
1 wounded
1 aviso damaged
3 wounded

The Battle of Havana on 9 November 1870 was a single ship action between the German gunboat Meteor and the French aviso Bouvet off the coast of Havana, Cuba during the Franco-Prussian War.

At 8 a.m. on November 7 the Meteor arrived in Havana harbour after leaving Nassau some days before. An hour later the French aviso Bouvet arrived from Martinique, steaming in from the opposite direction. The next day the French mail steamer Nouveau Monde left the harbour for Veracruz but was forced to return a few hours later due to fears that she would be captured by the Prussian gunboat. Later that day the Meteor's captain, issued a formal challenge to the captain of the Bouvet to fight a battle the next day. The Bouvet accepted and steamed out of the harbour to wait for the Meteor. The Meteor had to wait 24 hours before it could meet the French vessel due to neutrality laws, since Spain was a neutral country during the conflict.

Upon the end of the 24 hour waiting period, the Meteor steamed out to meet the Bouvet which had been waiting 10 miles (16 km) off the border of the Cuban territorial sea. As soon as Meteor had passed the border line, Bouvet opened fire on the German gunboat. The battle came to an inconclusive end when the Bouvet, which had closed the range in an attempt to board the Meteor, suffered damage to a steam pipe which knocked out her propulsion and was forced to retreat into neutral waters under sail, whereupon she came under the protection of Spain once again. Neither ship was permanently disabled, mostly suffering damage to masts and rigging (the Bouvet's boilers and machinery remaining intact and functioning) and very few killed and injured on either side. The battle was not considered significant by commentators of the day.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The Atlantic Duel". The New York Times. November 12, 1870. 

References[edit]