Battle of Heliopolis (1800)

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This article is about the battle between the French and the Ottomans in the 18th century. For the battle in the 7th century, see Battle of Heliopolis.
Battle of Heliopolis
Part of the Egypt-Syria Campaign
Kléber-Héliopolis-1800.jpg
Le général Kléber victorieux à Héliopolis, 20 mars 1800 by Philippe Grass. Public sculpture at Place Kléber, Strasbourg.
Date 20 March 1800
Location Heliopolis
Result French victory
Belligerents
France French Republic Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Jean-Baptiste Kléber Yussuf Pasha, Ibrahim Bey
Strength
10,000 60,000
Casualties and losses
300 dead ~3,000 dead

The Battle of Heliopolis was a French victory by the armée d'Orient under General Kléber over the Ottoman army at Heliopolis on 20 March 1800.

Kléber engaged in negotiations with both the English and Ottomans, with the aim of honourably evacuating the remains of the French force from Egypt to take part in operations in Europe. An accord (the convention of El Arich) was concluded on 23 January 1800 allowing such a return to France, but it proved impossible to apply due to internal dissensions among the English and the dithering of the Sultan, and so the conflict in Egypt restarted.

Kléber was betrayed by the English Admiral Keith, who did not respect the El Arich convention. Kléber restarted hostilities, for he refused to surrender. The English and the Ottomans believed the armée d'Orient was now too weak to resist them, and so Yussuf Pasha marched on Cairo, where the local population obeyed his call to rise up.

Kleber led the outnumbered French troops to attack the Ottoman army at Heliopolis, decisively winning the battle and enabling them to re-enter Cairo and bring an end to the revolt.

Source[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.

Coordinates: 30°06′00″N 31°20′00″E / 30.1000°N 31.3333°E / 30.1000; 31.3333