Battle of Hummelshof
|Battle of Hummelshof|
|Part of the Great Northern War|
|Swedish Empire||Tsardom of Russia|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach||Boris Sheremetev|
17 artillery pieces
24 artillery pieces
|Casualties and losses|
|1,000–1,500 killed and wounded|
Battle of Hummelshof took place on July 19, 1702 (O.S.) near the small town Hummelshof in Swedish Livonia (present-day Estonia). It was the second significant Russian victory in the Great Northern War.
Czar Peter's forces invaded Ingria at the beginning of the year.:688 After the Battle of Erastfer there were no big battles between Russian and Sweden armies. At July Russian army began advancing to Tartu. The two armies met near the town of Hummelshof.
At first Sweden troops won the battle against Russian vanguard and captured 5 or 6 cannons. Later main Russian forces arrived at the battlefield and attacked the Swedish troops. These Sweden troops repulsed the first Russian attack, but the Russians attacked again. Fresh Russian infantry began to encircle the Swedish forces. The Swedish army was completely destroyed, suffering 70% casualties.:688
After this battle Boris Sheremetev marched through Southern Swedish Livonia without any resistance and plundered the territory. By the end of the year, the Russians occupy the Niva River Valley.:688
- Sundberg (2010). Sveriges krig 1630-1814. p. 222.
- Northern Wars, Oskar Sjöström
- Carlquist, Gunnar (red.) (1932). Svensk uppslagsbok. Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB:s förlag, band 13. p. 450.
- Boris Grigorjev & Aleksandr Bespalov (2012). Kampen mot övermakten. Baltikums fall 1700–1710. p. 111.
- Tucker, S.C., 2010, A Global Chronology of Conflict, Vol. Two, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, ISBN 9781851096671