Battle of Hummelshof

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Battle of Hummelshof
Part of the Great Northern War
Battle of Hummelhof, 1702
Date July 18, 1702 (O.S.)
July 19, 1702 (Swedish calendar)
July 29, 1702 (N.S.)
Location Hummelshof, Swedish Livonia
(present-day Estonia)
Result Russian victory
Belligerents
Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg Swedish Empire Flag of Russia.svg Tsardom of Russia
Commanders and leaders
Wolmar Anton von Schlippenbach Boris Sheremetev
Strength
6,000[1]
17 artillery pieces[2]
24,000[2]
24 artillery pieces[2]
Casualties and losses
840 killed,
2,000 captured[3]
1,000–1,500 killed and wounded[4]

Battle of Hummelshof took place on July 19, 1702 (O.S.) near the small town Hummelshof in Swedish Livonia (present-day Estonia). It was the second significant Russian victory in the Great Northern War.

Prelude[edit]

Czar Peter's forces invaded Ingria at the beginning of the year.[5]:688 After the Battle of Erastfer there were no big battles between Russian and Sweden armies. At July Russian army began advancing to Tartu. The two armies met near the town of Hummelshof.

Battle[edit]

At first Sweden troops won the battle against Russian vanguard and captured 5 or 6 cannons. Later main Russian forces arrived at the battlefield and attacked the Swedish troops. These Sweden troops repulsed the first Russian attack, but the Russians attacked again. Fresh Russian infantry began to encircle the Swedish forces. The Swedish army was completely destroyed, suffering 70% casualties.[5]:688

Aftermath[edit]

After this battle Boris Sheremetev marched through Southern Swedish Livonia without any resistance and plundered the territory. By the end of the year, the Russians occupy the Niva River Valley.[5]:688

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sundberg (2010). Sveriges krig 1630-1814. p. 222.
  2. ^ a b c Northern Wars, Oskar Sjöström
  3. ^ Carlquist, Gunnar (red.) (1932). Svensk uppslagsbok. Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB:s förlag, band 13. p. 450.
  4. ^ Boris Grigorjev & Aleksandr Bespalov (2012). Kampen mot övermakten. Baltikums fall 1700–1710. p. 111.
  5. ^ a b c Tucker, S.C., 2010, A Global Chronology of Conflict, Vol. Two, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, ISBN 9781851096671