Battle of Khotyn (1673)

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Battle of Khotyn
Part of the Polish–Ottoman Wars
Battle of Khotyn 1673.PNG
Battle of Khotyn 1673
Date November 11, 1673
Location Khotyn, Ukraine
Coordinates: 48°30′N 6°30′E / 48.5°N 6.5°E / 48.5; 6.5
Result Polish victory
Belligerents
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
 Principality of Moldavia

 Principality of Wallachia

 Ottoman Empire

Defected:

Commanders and leaders
Jan Sobieski
Ştefan Petriceicu
Grigore I Ghica
Hussain Pasha
Strength
40,000 Poles and Lithuanians troops[1]:649
300 Lipka Tatar
30,000 Ottomans troops[1]:649
120 guns
Casualties and losses
Very light Around 30,000 dead, wounded and captured
120 guns
Jan Sobieski in battle of Khotyn 1673

The Battle of Khotyn or Battle of Chocim was a battle held on the 11 November 1673, where Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under hetman Jan Sobieski defeated Ottoman Empire forces[2][3] under Hussain Pasha. It reversed the fortunes of the previous year, when Commonwealth weakness led to the signing of the Peace of Buczacz, and allowed Jan Sobieski to win the upcoming royal election and became the king of Poland.

Polish-Lithuanian forces and Wallachian regiments from the Ottoman army, were 40 thousand strong. The Turks commanded 35 thousand troops and 120 guns. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used. The victory allowed the Poles to revoke the unfavourable Peace of Buczacz and set the stage for the role Sobieski was to play in the Battle of Vienna in 1683.

Aftermath[edit]

The Turkish forces withdrew from Poland after having their supplies captured and most of their artillery.[1]:649 Sobieski and the nobles return to Warsaw for elections following the death of Michael Wisniowiecki, King of Poland, the day before the battle.[1]:649

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Tucker, S.C., 2010, A Global Chronology of Conflict, Vol. Two, Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, LLC, ISBN 9781851096671
  2. ^ Robert I. Frost. After the Deluge: Poland-Lithuania and the Second Northern War, 1655-1660. Cambridge University Press. 2004. p. 13
  3. ^ 'George. C. Kohn. Dictionary of Wars. Infobase Publishing. 2006. p. 419.