Battle of Krusi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Krusi
Part of the Ottoman wars in Europe
(Montenegrin-Ottoman Wars)
Date 22 September 1796
Location Krusi
Result Decisive Montenegrin victory
de facto independence of Montenegro from the Sultan
Belligerents
Old Montenegro Pashalik of Scutari
Commanders and leaders
Peter I Petrović-Njegoš
Jovan Radonjić
Mahmut-pasha Bushatli
Strength
6.590 soldiers ~23.000 soldiers
Casualties and losses
132 dead
237 wounded
~3.400 soldiers
74 officers

The Battle of Krusi (Serbian: Битка на Крусима) took place in 1796 between Old Montenegro and the Pashalik of Scutari near Krusi. Following his defeat in Martinići (see Battle of Martinići), Mahmut-pasha Bushatli the Albanian Vizier of Shkoder began compiling new plans to attack Montenegro. With his main army in Scutari, Bushatli advanced to Podgorica, in the meantime, near the Montenegrin borders, a rather large number of forces were stationed due to the concentration of attacks towards Montenegro and Brda[disambiguation needed]. From Podgorica, the Albanians move onto Lješkopolje because Bushatli's goal was to use the Lješkopolje-Krusi-Carev laz-Rijeka Crnojevića to his advantage to carry out a raid toward Cetinje.

Flag of Mahmut pasha Bushatli (1796)

Peter I, Prince-Bishop of Montenegro, was informed of the Albanian plans and had organized defenses beforehand. He then took control of the majority of the his forces and set-up an encampment beneath Mount Sađavce, on the right hand bank of the Matica River. Another, larger, unit, under the command of Jovan Radonjić was beset under Mount Busovnika near the village of Krusi.

The battle occurred on 22 September 1796 when Bushatli ordered his troops to cross the right hand bank of the Sitnica River and attack Montenegrin positions. Krusi was directly in the path of the Turkish army. Intensive fighting would occur when the Albanians met with the Montenegrins. After a whole day of fighting, the Montenegrins were able to defeat the Turks. Bushatli was killed by the Montenegrin army during the battle. Legend has it that it was truly Bogdan Vukov Nikolic from Zalazi* who managed to kill Bushatli. The remains of the broken Turkish army were forced to withdraw to Podgorica. [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rastoder, Šerbo; Andrijašević, Živko; Popović, Dragutin; Folić, Zvezdan; Šabotić, Sait; Drobnjak, Slobodan; Selhanović, Jadranka; Drinčić, Željko; Prekić, Adnan (2006). Istorijski Leksikon Crne Gore (in Serbian). Volume I: A - Crn. Podgorica: Daily Press - Vijesti. pp. 123–124. ISBN 86-7706-165-7.