Battle of Lambusart

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Battle of Lambusart
Part of War of the First Coalition
Date 12–16 June 1794
Location Fleurus, Belgium
Result Austro-Dutch victory
Belligerents
Dutch Republic Dutch Republic
Habsburg Monarchy Habsburg Austria
France Republican France
Commanders and leaders
Dutch Republic Prince of Orange France Jean Baptiste Jourdan
Strength
41,000 73,000
Casualties and losses
3,000 3,000, 8 guns

The Battle of Lambusart (12–16 June 1794) saw a Republican French army led by Jean Baptiste Jourdan try to cross the Sambre River against a combined Dutch and Habsburg Austrian army under William, Hereditary Prince of Orange. The French were repulsed in the fourth of five attempts to consolidate a foothold on the north side of the Sambre. The clash occurred during the War of the First Coalition, part of a wider struggle known as the Wars of the French Revolution. In 1794 Lambusart was an independent village, but it is now part of the Fleurus municipality. Lambusart is located about 10 kilometres (6 mi) northeast of Charleroi.

Almost daily battles were fought in the Austrian Netherlands during the spring of 1794 as the French armies, filled up with conscripts, mounted assaults against the First Coalition forces. Three times the French were turned back at Grandreng on 13 May, Erquelinnes on 24 May and Gosselies on 3 June. After arriving with large reinforcements on 4 June, Jourdan assumed control of the French effort. On 12 June, the French crossed the Sambre and laid siege to Charleroi for the second time. On the 16th, the Prince of Orange attacked, forcing the French to lift the siege and withdraw south of the Sambre. The final showdown along the Sambre would come at the Battle of Fleurus on 26 June 1794.

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Coordinates: 50°27′17″N 4°33′12″E / 50.45472°N 4.55333°E / 50.45472; 4.55333