Battle of Les Avins

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Battle of Les Avins
Part of the Thirty Years' War
Bataille d'Avein.jpg
Date May 20, 1635
Location Les Avins, Huy (present-day Belgium)
Result French victory
Belligerents
Pavillon royal de la France.png Kingdom of France  Spain
Commanders and leaders
Pavillon royal de la France.png Urbain de Maillé-Brezé
Pavillon royal de la France.png Maréchal de Châtillon
Spain Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano
Strength
35,000 14,000
Casualties and losses
260 4,000 dead, wounded or captured[1]

The Battle of Les Avins or Battle of Avein was fought on May 20, 1635 during the Thirty Years' War between a French and a Spanish army.

The battle was fought in the Belgian village of Les Avins, south of Huy, in what was then the bishopric of Liège. It was the first serious engagement for the French, which had entered the war only three months before.

The French army was under command of Marshals of France Urbain de Maillé-Brézé and Gaspard III de Coligny, Maréchal de Châtillon. The Spanish were commanded by Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano.

The Spanish army was inferior in numbers, surrounded and completely defeated in just a few hours. Some 5,000 Spanish were killed or wounded, 1,500 captured and the rest scattered.

Consequences[edit]

The French army joined up with the Dutch coming from the north, but their disagreements gave the Spanish the time to reorganize themselves. They harassed the French with quick cavalry raids. The French army also suffered from lack of supplies and money, which led to widespread desertions. The Siege of Leuven in 1635 by the Franco-Dutch army was a complete failure.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Guthrie p.190

Sources[edit]

  • Guthrie, William P. (2003). The later Thirty Years War: from the Battle of Wittstock to the Treaty of Westphalia. Westport, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-32408-6. 
  • Hardÿ de Périni, Batailles françaises, Louis XIII et Richelieu, 1621-1643, Ernest Flammarion, Paris, 1894