Battle of Liscarroll
|Battle of Liscarroll|
|Part of the Irish Confederate Wars|
|Irish Confederate Catholics militia||English troops and Protestant militia|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Garret Barry||Murrough O'Brien, Baron of Inchiquin|
|7,000 foot, 400 horse.||2,000 foot, 500 horse.|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Liscarroll was fought in County Cork in July 1642, at the start of the Eleven years war. An Irish Confederate army around 6000 strong and commanded by Garret Barry – a professional soldier - was defeated by an English force commanded by a Protestant Irishman, Murrough O'Brien, Baron of Inchiquin.
The Confederate army was composed of militias created by local lords after the Irish Rebellion of 1641. The English force was made up of a contingent of soldiers sent from England and the English settlers in Munster such as the Boyle family –two of whom Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery and Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Cork fought at the battle.
Barry seized Liscarroll Castle on the Awbeg river – trying to cut off the English held city of Cork. Inchiquinn marched his troops out of the city to re-take the castle and the battle was joined close by.
The Confederate’s cavalry were led by a man named Oliver Stephenson, who was descended from Elizabethan English settlers, but who sided with the Irish rebellion because he was a Catholic.
Stephenson’s horsemen charged Inchiquin’s force, putting them into disorder and even capturing Inchiquin himself . However, in the melee, Stephenson was shot dead by Inchiquin’s brother (through the eye-piece of his helmet) and the Irish cavalry lost heart and fell back. The Irish infantry lacked the training and discipline to stand up to a cavalry charge and took flight when attacked, leading to a rout of the Irish forces. The vast difference in muskets was also a major factor in the defeat of the Irish, some 1500 against 500. Most Irishmen were pike armed.
Casualties and consequences
Over 700 Irish Confederates were killed, including a high proportion of their officers like Stephenson. The local Catholic gentry were decimated by the battle, for instance the Fitzgerald family of the House of Desmond lost 18 of their members killed. They were buried in a collective grave just outside Liscarroll. In addition, Inchiquinn executed 50 more Confederate officers whom he had taken prisoner - hanging them the next morning. The battle meant that Cork would be a British and Protestant stronghold for the rest of the war.
- Bagwell, Volume XLI page 321
- Richard Bagwell (1895). "O'Brien, Murrough (1614-1674)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 41. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 321.