Battle of Llandeilo Fawr

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Coordinates: 51°53′02″N 3°59′46″W / 51.884°N 3.996°W / 51.884; -3.996

Battle of Llandeilo Fawr
Date 17 June, 1282
Location Llandeilo Fawr
Result Welsh victory
Belligerents
English South Welsh
Commanders and leaders
Gilbert de Clare
Strength
Around 1600 infantry
100 cavalry
Unknown
Casualties and losses
Heavy casualties: Almost complete destruction of the army Unknown

The Battle of Llandeilo Fawr was a battle that took place during the conquest of Wales by Edward I, at Llandeilo between an English army led by Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and a south Welsh army.

Background[edit]

During the 1282 Welsh war, Edward I had a plan to strike his armies into Wales on three fronts in order to surround the armies of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and destroy them. Edward sent Gilbert de Clare and his army to subdue and hold down the southern areas of Wales while other armies would invade other parts of the principality.

The battle[edit]

Gilbert de Clare with an army of around 1600 infantry and 100 cavalrymen had successfully captured Carreg Cennen Castle from the Welsh. Following their victory, the men sacked the castle, and on the 17th of June they headed back to the nearby English settlement- Dinefwr Castle to stash the spoils. However along the way de Clare and his men were ambushed by Welsh troops, and much of the army was destroyed.

Aftermath[edit]

The battle was a great victory for the Welsh. English expansion into south Wales was halted for a few weeks and Edward's plans of an attack on multiple fronts was somewhat spoiled. Among the dead was the son of William de Valence, 1st Earl of Pembroke. Following the defeat, Edward relieved de Clare of his command and replaced him with de Valence who was now determined following the death of his son.

References[edit]

  • Stephenson, David (1983). The Last Prince of Wales: Llywelyn and King Edward: the End of the Welsh Dream, 1282-3. Barracuda Books. p. 40. ISBN 0-86023-173-9.