Battle of Logiebride

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Battle of Logiebride
Part of the Scottish clan wars
Conon Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 671372.jpg
The river Conon, near to the village of Conon Bridge where the battle took place
Date 1597
Location Conon Bridge, Rosshire, Scotland
Result Results vary from different sources
Belligerents
Bains of Tulloch[note 1]
Clan Munro
Clan MacLeod of Raasay
Clan Mackenzie
Commanders and leaders
John Bayne John "Macgillichallum" MacLeod
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
According to Sir Robert Gordon (1625):
3 killed[1]
According to Alexander Mackenzie (1894):
50 killed[2]
According to Alan Mackenzie (2006):
3 killed[3]
According to Sir Robert Gordon (1625):
5 killed[1]
According to Alexander Mackenzie (1894):
2 killed[2]
According to Alan Mackenzie (2006):
5 killed[3]

The Battle of Logiebride or Logie-Riach, also known as a Tumult in Ross was more of a small skirmish rather than an actual battle. The disturbance is said to have taken place on 4 February 1597 at the Logie Candlemas market near Conan House (a mile south-west of Conon Bridge) between men of the Clan Mackenzie against men of the Clan Munro and the Bain family of Tulloch Castle.

Background[edit]

John MacLeod, brother (a record of the Privy Council, dated 25 Dec1595, states that he was the younger son of the Laird of Raasay, and names him Iain MacCaluim MacGillichaluim. The laird of Raasay at that time was Calum Og, son of Calum Garbh, son of Alasdair) of the chief of the Clan MacLeod of Raasay was on the rampage in Easter Ross, with a small party of men. He was confronted by John Bayne, brother of the chief of the Clan Bane of Tulloch Castle. In the ensuing battle men from the Clan Munro sided with Bayne while men from the Clan Mackenzie sided with MacLeod.

Accounts of the battle[edit]

Sir Robert Gordon (c.1625)[edit]

The earliest account of the Battle of Logiebride was that by Sir Robert Gordon (1580–1656) who was living at the time of the battle, in his book the History of the Earldom of Sutherland written in about 1625. His account is repeated in the book Conflicts of the Clans which was published by the Foulis press in 1764.[1]

Gordon states that in 1597 an "accident" happened in Ross at a fair in Lagavraid which almost put all the neighboring counties of Ross into combustion. He states that the quarrel was between John Macgillichallum brother to the (Laird of Raasay) and Alexander Bane (brother of Duncan Bane of Tulloch). Gordon goes on to state that the Munros assisted Bane and the Mackenzies assisted John Macgillichallum, who was killed along with John Mac-Murdo Mac-William, and three others of the Clan MacKenzie. Alexander Bane escaped but on his side John Munro of Culcraggie, with his brother, Hutcheon Munro, and John Munro Robertson were killed. The Munros and Mackenzies then prepared to invade each other but were reconciled by friends and neighbors.[1]

Wardlaw Manuscript (c.1674)[edit]

The Wardlaw manuscript was written in about 1674 by James Fraser. Fraser states that the battle took place on the 4 February 1597 at the Candlemas fair called Bridfaire (St Bridget's Fair) in a town called Lagy Vrud (Logy, Conan), in Ross upon the river of Connin. The quarrel began between John Mackillchallim, a Mackleud (MacLeod), brother to the Laird of Rasey and another gentleman, John Bain, brother of Duncan Bain, Baron of Tulloch, near Dingwall. Fraser states that John Mackillchallum was a vile, flgitious, proflagat fellow, and ravaging robber, picking quarrells with all men, he frequented markets for the purpose of taking advantage of poor chapmen and merchants, pillaging and robbing their shops without resistance. He was also a relation of the Mackenzies and was patronized by them. At this fair he had 6 or 7 bold followers with him. John Bain, a gallant courageous gentlemen, saw him abuse a merchants wife and take away his goods by violence. Bain challenged him, commanding him to give it back or he would make him do it. After verba verbera from words to swords, John Bain draws upon him and gave him two or three deadly wounds. Three Mackenzies were also killed. Upon John Bain's side were killed John Monro of Cularge, and Hugh, his brother and John Monro Robertson. The chase run down the firth towards the mill of Arkaig and the wood of Milchaich, where many were wounded and some slain. John Bain with his Fraser amour bearer withdrew and deliberately escaped to Lovat. The next morning Fraser, Lord Lovat dispatched James Fraser of Phopachy to King James, being then at Falkland, with an account of what had happened. The King sent John Bain full remission and personal protection and a warrand and power to charge the Laird Mackenzie of Kintail with intercommoning, and all the accomplices of John Mackilchallim.[4]

Munro family tree (1734)[edit]

A Munro family tree dating from 1734 only mentions two casualties and agrees with the original account written by Sir Robert Gordon that John Munro of Culcraggie and Hutcheon Munro were killed in the battle. The Munro tree of 1734 does not mention the thirteen Munro casualties mentioned by historian Alexander Mackenzie in his books the History of the Mackenzies (1894) and the History of the Munros of Foulis (1898).[5]

John Anderson (1825)[edit]

Historian John Anderson published an account of the battle in his book Historical Account of the Clan Fraser in 1825. Anderson quotes from the MSS History of the Frasers (Wardlaw Manuscript c.1674, written by James Fraser of Wardlaw) and the Mackenzie MSS (Applecross MS c.1667, written by John Mackenzie of Applecross). Anderson's account is very similar to that given in James Fraser's Wardlaw MS. Anderson also states that a different colour is given in the account by the Mackenzies, but they agree on the main points.[6]

Alexander MacKenzie (1894/1898)[edit]

Alexander Mackenzie later published an account of the battle in his book The History of the Mackenzies (1894) and a similar account in his book the The History of the Munros of Fowlis (1898). In The History of Mackenzies, historian Alexander Mackenzie quotes his account of the battle "from family MSS" and Sir Robert Gordon's "Earldom of Sutherland".[7] However the account he goes on to give is completely different from the account that is actually given by Sir Robert Gordon.[1] The family MSS is believed to have been the Applecross MS written by John Mackenzie of Applecross in 1667.

Alexander Mackenzie says that a "disturbance" took place at Logie-Riach, on the banks of the river Conon on the 4th of February 1597. It was fought between the Mackenzies against the Baynes and Munros, in which several of the latter were slain. Mackenzie states that a difference arose between John MacGilliechallum brother of MacLeod, Laird of Raasay and the Baynes about the lands of Torridon. Bayne attended the Candlemas market at Logie with a large following of armed men which included Baynes and a considerable number of Munros. Mackenzie states that John MacGilliechallum came to the fair too and while he was buying something Bayne came up behind him and without warning struck him on the head with a sword killing him instantly. Mackenzie goes on to say that one of the Mackenzies tried to interfere but no sooner had he opened his mouth that he was run through the body by one of the Baynes. Mackenzie states that the war cry of the Clan Mackenzie was raised and the Baynes and Munros then fled followed by a band of Mackenzies, who slaughtered everyone they overtook. Mackenzie goes on to say that two Mackenzies named Ian Dubh MacCoinnich Mhic Mhurchaidh and Ian Gallda Mac Fhionnla Dhuibh having learned of the cause of the Munros flight slew no less than thirteen of them between Logie and the wood of Millechaich. Mackenzie concludes that most of the Baynes were killed and that the Munros lost no less than fifty men.[2][8]

Alan MacKenzie (2006)[edit]

A recent published account of the battle was written by Alan Mackenzie of the Clan Mackenzie Society USA and Canada, in his book, A History of the Mackenzies, and is almost identical to the earliest account written by Sir Robert Gordon, a contemporary in his book the History of the Earldom of Sutherland written in about 1625.[3]

References and sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Gordon, Sir Robert (1580 - 1650). A Genealogical History of the Earldom of Sutherland. Originally written between 1615 and 1630. Re-published in 1813. pp. 236.
  2. ^ a b c Mackenzie, Alexander. (1894). History of the Mackenzies.
  3. ^ a b c MacKenzie, Alan. FSA Scot. (2006). History of the Mackenzies. Chapter 6.
  4. ^ Fraser, James. (1674). Chronicles of the Frasers: the Wardlaw manuscript entitled Polichronicon seu policratica temporum, or, The true genealogy of the Frasers, 916-1674. Re-published in 1905 by William Mackay. pp. 230 - 231.
  5. ^ Munro, R. W. (1978). The Munro Tree 1734. Published in Edinburgh. Page v. ISBN 0-9503689-1-1.
  6. ^ Anderson, John. (1925). Historical Account of the Clan Fraser. pp. 102 - 103. Quoting from the MSS History of the Frasers in the Advocate's Library.
  7. ^ Mackenzie, Alexander. (1894). History of the Mackenzies. pp. 180.
  8. ^ Mackenzie, Alexander. (1898). History of the Munros of Fowlis.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Bain or Bayne family of Tulloch Castle were not part of the Clan MacBain. They were in fact a branch in the paternal line of the Clan Mackay. The progenitor of this family, John Bain Mackay took his middle name of "Bain" as his surname instead of his real surname of Mackay. The Mackays and Munros had always been on good terms historically.

External links[edit]