Battle of Loznica (1941)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Loznica
Part of the Uprising in Serbia during World War II in Yugoslavia
Loznica 1941 - free of fascist occupation
Loznica in 1941 - free of fascist occupation
Date August 31, 1941
Location Loznica, Serbia
Result Decisive Chetnik victory
Belligerents
Chetniks Flag.svg Chetniks  Nazi Germany
Commanders and leaders
Veselin Misita [1]
Bogdan Drljača
Georgije Bojić
Nazi Germany Fon der Olenic
Units involved
Jadar Chetnik Detachment XI Company

III Battalion 738 Infantry Regiment

Strength
500 Chetniks 100 Germans
Casualties and losses
8 killed
4 wounded
7 killed
93 captured

The Battle of Loznica was fought on 31 August 1941 between Chetniks and Germans in World War II. Chetnik attack on the Germans in Loznica followed immediately after the German refusal to surrender. During the struggle Chetnik commander Lt. Col. Veselin Misita, who led the attack on the Germans in Loznica.[2] After a one-day battle, the Germans were forced to surrender, the Chetniks captured 93 soldiers. After the liberation of Loznica, followed by a joint Partisan-Chetnik attack on the Germans at the Banja Koviljača, Krupanj, mine Zajača and the village Zavlaka. Freed was the whole middle part of the valley Drina River, a Serbian rebel actions against the Germans expand in the future to Šumadija, Mačva and valley Western Morava.[citation needed]

Meeting at the monastery Tronoša[edit]

Veselin Misita
Monastery Tronoša

The mobilization of Chetnik units was ordered by Draža Mihailović in August 1941.[3] The decision to attack the Germans in Loznica and booted the uprising in the Drina valley was made at a meeting in the Tronoša Monastery on 30 August 1941. The conference was attended by Lieutenant Colonel Veselin Misita, artillery Captain First Class Dragoslav Račić, Lieutenants George Bojić, Lazar Savić, Ratko Martinović and Nikola Gordić, and a member of British intelligence Herbart Muller. Muller was Austrian Jew who is after the Anschluss in 1938 immigrated to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. He was employed as a mining engineer in Serbia, and later joined the British intelligence service who had a branch office in Belgrade. After the invasion of Yugoslavia joined the resistance movement known as Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland led by Draža Mihailović. He was evacuated together with the British and American mission on May 29, 1944 during the Allied airlift. Lieutenant Colonel Veselin Misita who possessed the highest rank was pressed as Commander of operations against the Germans in Loznica. Lt. Col. Veselin Misita commanded Jadar Chetnik Detachment, which had in possession of approximately 1,600 men under arms. The attack was planned to participate 500 Chetniks, while other forces have guarded the background. In Loznica there were about 100 Germans from the XI Company, III Battalion 738 Infantry Regiment, who were well established in the city center, in the buildings, the cultural center, gymnasium and city pub where they set up machine-gun nests. In Banja Koviljača, which is located near Loznica there were 300 German soldiers from the III Battalion 738 Infantry Regiment. Because of the proximity of the nearby German forces, the attack on Loznica had to be carried out very quickly.[citation needed]

Battle[edit]

In this building the Cultural Centre were on the Germans during the battle

Exactly at midnight on 30 August 1941 rang the bells of the churches in the villages near Loznica, it was the agreed signal for the start of the action. During the night they closed all access to the city. At 08:30, the Germans were invited by courier to surrender. The Germans refused the request. Since they refused to surrender, it was decided to attack the Germans as planned. At 09:00, when they rang the bells of the church in Loznica and fired seven shots from a rifle, according to previously arranged signal, was followed by an all-out assault on German positions. Chetniks went on the attack, after which the Germans surrendered, placed in the Cultural Center and Gymnasium. Lt. Col. Misita died at the forefront of their fighters, personally leading the assault and throwing grenades at the Germans who were in the bunker in front of the city pubs. After his death, Captain Bogdan Drljača and Lieutenant George Bojić took command. By night, it was all completed and all the Germans had surrendered. In the Battle of Loznica 93 German soldiers were captured.[4]

Aftermath[edit]

Loznica fell under control of Chetnik forces led by Misita and became the first town in Europe released from occupation. [5] Report on liberation Loznica Lt. George Bojić was sent to Ravna Gora Colonel Draža Mihailović, who approved the further expansion and operation of the uprising against the Germans in the Drina valley. After the liberation of Loznica Jadar Chetnik Detachment continued actions against the Germans in the Drina valley and 1 September 1941 attack German III Battalion 738 Infantry Regiment in Banja Koviljača most powerful German stronghold in the Drina valley, which after several days of fighting forced to withdraw.[citation needed]

Soon after this action, Lt. Ratko Martinović switched his support to the Partisans.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Šnuderl, Makso (1994). Dnevnik 1941-1945: V partizanih. Založba Obzorja. p. 152. ISBN 978-86-377-0739-4. "Žrtve napadalcev so bile občutne. Nemci so se izvlekli, no sam Misita je padel. Dalje so zavzeli Banjo Kobiljačo, ..." 
  2. ^ History of the Second World War, part 54 by Marshall Cavendish, 1975
  3. ^ Vojno-istoriski glasnik. 1982. p. 237. "Prvo naređenje o mobilizaciji 1 organizaciji četničkih odreda izdao je Draža Mihailović avgusta 1941." 
  4. ^ Mitrović 1975, p. 180"Укупно у борбама за ослобођење Лознице заробљена су 93 Немца"
  5. ^ Dimitriǰević, Boǰan; Nikolić, Kosta; Serbia), Институт за савремену историју (Belgrade, (2004). Đeneral Mihailović: biografija (in Serbian). Ин-т за савремену историју. p. 531. "31. августа одреди под командом потпуковника Веселина Мисите ослобађају Лозницу, која тако постаје први ослобођени град у окупираној Европи." 
  6. ^ Tomasevich (1975), p.141

Bibliography[edit]