Battle of Maarrat al-Nu'man

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Battle of Maarrat Al-Nu'man
معركة معرة النعمان
Part of Idlib Governorate clashes (June 2012–April 2013) of the Syrian civil war
Syria M5 Highway.svg
Maarrat al-Nu'man and the strategic M5 highway, the main Army supply route from Hama and Damascus to Aleppo
Date 8–13 October 2012
(5 days)
Location Maarrat al-Nu'man, Syria
Result

Rebel victory

  • Rebel forces take control of Maarat al-Nu'man on 10 October
  • Rebel forces capture a 5-kilometer stretch of highway south of the city on 11 October
  • Rebel forces stop a government-counter attack on 13 October
  • Rebels lay siege to two military bases on the outskirts of the city
Belligerents
Free Syrian Army
Al-Nusra Front
Syria Syrian Armed Forces
Commanders and leaders
Col. Heitam Afasi[1]
Lt. Col. Khaled Hmood[2]
Unknown
Units involved
Maarrat Al-Nu'man Martyrs Brigade[3]
Farouq Brigades[4]

5th Armoured Division

  • 17th Armoured Brigade
Casualties and losses
108 killed*[5][6][7] 190 killed,[5] 19 captured[8]
(by 12 October)
Two Su-22 jet shot down[9]
60 civilians killed[5][6]
^* Includes 50 defectors executed by the military.[6]

The Battle of Maarrat Al-Nu'man (Arabic: معركة معرة النعمان‎) was a battle between the Syrian Army and the rebel Free Syrian Army for control of the strategically important town of Maarrat al-Nu'man in October 2012, during the Idlib Governorate clashes (June 2012–April 2013) of the Syrian civil war.

Battle[edit]

Rebel offensive[edit]

On 8 October, the rebels launched an offensive to capture the town of Maarrat al-Nu'man, which holds a strategic position next to the M5 Highway, a key route which government reinforcements from Damascus would need to use in order to enter the battle in Aleppo. The city had already been captured once before by the rebels, on 10 June, but was recaptured by the military in August.[10] During the evening, the Air Force started conducting air-strikes against the town in an attempt to stop the rebel attack.[11]

The mosaic museum before the war

By the next day, rebels seized eight of the military checkpoints around Maarrat al-Nu'man,[5] leaving only one under government control at the entrance to the town.[12] The rebels set up a headquarters in the town's mosaic museum, which was previously occupied by government troops.[5] During the takeover, the rebels captured a government detention facility at the Arabic Cultural Center. As they entered the facility, a land mine explosion killed 16 rebel fighters.[13] At the Center, they reportedly found the corpses of 25 detainees, including 2 defecting soldiers, according to the opposition activist group SOHR.[14][15][16][17] Later, a rebel media official said the number of executed people found was 65,[5] with 50 of them being defecting soldiers according to an activist.[6] Overall, not counting fatalities among government forces, more than 60 people were killed in the fighting for the town. At least 40 of the dead were civilians, while the rest were rebels.[18]

Military counter-attack and Wadi Deif siege[edit]

On 10 October, rebels were in control of the western entrance to the city, while the military was in control of the eastern entrance, where government troops were reportedly massing for a counter-offensive.[19] Tanks from Mastumah, south of Idlib city, were being sent to Maarrat al-Nu'man. Army forces were deployed along the highway to secure a corridor for the tanks. Rebels were making attempts to stop their advance and reportedly damaged three tanks. Rebel fighters also intercepted troops on the outskirts of Khan Sheikhun, south of Maarrat al-Nu'man,[20] leading to clashes that left 14 rebels dead.[16] Later that day, the military conducted a counter-attack in an attempt to recapture the town. The rebels managed to repel the attack, but suffered heavy casualties, with one report stating 30 opposition fighters were killed.[6]

On 11 October, an AFP reporter said that the rebels were in control of five kilometers of highway running from the town.[5] On the same day, the FSA launched an attack on an army base, which was being used to shell Maarrat al-Nu'man, just east of the town near the highway. Rebels used at least one captured tank, RPGs and mortar bombs, as the town continued to be hit by airstrikes.[21]

On 12 October, 12 rebels were killed in a series of air-strikes south of the town.[7]

On 13 October, the rebels renewed their assault on the Wadi Deif military base, east of Maarrat al-Nu'man. Air force jets bombed the attacking rebels leaving 22 fighters wounded.[7][22] The town was being heavily shelled and hit with air-strikes as the military made attempts to retake Maarrat al-Nu'man.[23] One of the primary targets of the strikes was an underground emergency field hospital. Later during the day, the rebels managed to halt a 40-vehicle military column advancing on the town, which included 10 tanks. The vehicles were stopped 10 kilometers south of Maarrat al-Nu'man.[24]

Aftermath[edit]

The battle was seen as a strategic victory for opposition forces. The capture of the town cut one of the main land supply routes for government troops fighting in Aleppo. Although, rebel forces did not manage to capture the Wadi Deif military base on the city's outskirts and a siege which lasted for six months ended in mid-April 2013 when the Syrian Army broke the blockade and potentially reopened the supply route from Damascus towards Aleppo.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Syrian forces bombard strategic rebel-held town". Al Jazeera English. 26 November 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Karouny, Mariam (23 October 2012). "Rebels battle Assad's forces for gateway to north Syria". Reuters. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Blasts at Syria air force compound kill dozens: activists". The Daily Star. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Matthew Weaver (2012-10-15). "Syria crisis: UN envoy asks Iran to help broker truce - guardian.co.uk". Guardian. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Naeem, Asad; AFP (11 October 2012). "Syria rebels cut highway to northern battlefields". Maarrat al-Nu'man: Business Recorder. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Oweis, Khaled Yacoub; Diana Abdallah (10 October 2012). "Rebels say halt Syrian army attempt to retake town". Amman: Reuters. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c "U.N. Syria envoy in Turkey talks as border tensions soar". The Daily Star Newspaper - Lebanon. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  8. ^ AFP. "Latest war victim: Syrian museum of mosaics". Emirates 24/7. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "‫اسقاط طائرة حربية في ريف ادلب الجنوبي - YouTube". YouTube. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  10. ^ AFP (10 October 2012). "Syria sends extra troops after rebels seize Idlib: NGO". Al-Ahram. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "About 60 people killed in Syrian airstrikes, say activists". World Now (Beirut: Los Angeles Times). 9 October 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "Syrian rebels claim control of strategic town". Al Jazeera English. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  13. ^ "Devastation testament to fierce fighting by rebels for control of town". Maarrat al-Nu'man/Damascus: The Daily Star (Lebanon). 12 October 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  14. ^ Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (9 October 2012). "Final death toll for Monday 8/10/2012". Facebook. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  15. ^ Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (10 October 2012). "Final death toll for Tuesday 9/10/2012". Facebook. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (11 October 2012). "Preliminary death toll for Wednesday 10/10/2012: More than 170 Syrians killed so far today". Facebook. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  17. ^ Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (12 October 2012). "Preliminary death toll for Thursday 11/10/2012: More than 220 Syrians have been killed". Facebook. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  18. ^ "Syria pounds rebels trying to seize strategic city". Beirut: Los Angeles Times. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  19. ^ AP (10 October 2012). "Turkey intercepts Syrian plane as tensions mount". Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Syria rejects truce as rebels intercept reinforcements". Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Rebels attack Syrian army base near strategic town". Chicago Tribune. 11 October 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  22. ^ U.N. envoy in Turkey amid tensions
  23. ^ CNN. "Syrian govt. tries to retake key city". CNN Video. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Syria rebels stop army advance on seized town". Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "Assad's forces break rebel blockade in north Syria". Retrieved 25 October 2014.