Battle of Manila (1574)

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Siege of Manila
Part of the Spanish colonization of the Philippines
Date November 29, 1574
Location Manila, Parañaque
Result Decisive Spanish victory
Spain Spanish Empire Chinese Pirates
Commanders and leaders
Spain Juan de Salcedo and Don Galo Limahong
600 Spanish soldiers and an unknown number of native militia 3000 Chinese Pirates and Mercenaries

The Battle of Manilla (1574) was a battle in the Manila area mainly in the location of what is now Parañaque between Chinese pirates, led by Limahong and the Spanish colonial forces and their native allies. The battle occurred on November 29, 1574[1] when Limahong's fleet landed in the town of Parañaque and from there, began to assault the fortifications of Intramuros. Initially, the inhabitants where disorganized and Limahong's forces routed them. However, upon the arrival of a certain Galo resistance started to organize. Under Galo's command, they were able to resist Limahong until Juan de Salcedo arrived from Ilocos and Limahong was defeated and eventually forced to retreat. Thereafter Limahong abandoned his plans to invade Manila and instead, set up a temporary kingdom in Pangasinan.

Eventually the battle came to be known as "The Red Sea Incident" due to the blood spilled in defending the Barrio and Manila.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ De Borja, Marciano R., Basques in the Philippines.
  • Stearn, Duncan, Chronology of South-East Asian History 1400-1996 (Dee Why, NSW: The Mitraphab Centre Pty Ltd., 1997).
  • “La Relación del suceso de la venida del tirano chino del gobernador Guido de Lavezares (1575): Épica española en Asia en el siglo XVI:” Edición, transcripción y notas (incluye facsimil del manuscrito original), Juan Francisco Maura. Lemir (Departamento de Filología Hispánica de la Universidad de Valencia), <> 2004.

Coordinates: 14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967