Battle of Medan Area

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The Battle of Medan Area (Indonesian: Pertempuran Medan Area) is a people's resistance against the Allies war that occurred in Medan, North Sumatra (Indonesia) during the Indonesian National Revolution. The name of "Medan" in Battle of Medan Area can be mean as "field" in Indonesian language, that is why Battle of Medan Area sometimes is also called as the Battlefield Area satirically.

Background[edit]

On 27 August, 1945 the people of Medan just heard the proclamation of the new field that was brought by Teuku Mohammad Hassan as the Governor of Sumatra in Sukarno's Presidential Cabinet. Responding to news of the proclamation, the youths under the leadership of Ahmad Tahir formed the Pemuda Indonesia (Indonesia's Youth). Allies landed in Medan on 9 October, 1945 under the leadership of T.E.D Kelly. The landing of the Allied Forces (British India and AFNEI) was followed by NICA. The Netherlands was prepared to take over the government. The arrival of allied forces and NICA turns fishing incidents. On 13 October, 1945 the Pemuda and TKR fought against the Allies and NICA in an effort to seize and take over government buildings from the Japanese. The British issued an ultimatum to the Indonesian people to hand over weapons to the Allies. This ultimatum was ignored by Indonesian people.

Battle[edit]

On 1 December, 1945, the Allies installed boards inscribed "Fixed Field Area Boundaries" (the legal limit field region) in various outskirts of the city of Medan. Allies action was a challenge for the Pemuda. On 10 December, 1945, the Allies and NICA launched a massive attack against the city of Medan. The attack caused many casualties on both sides. In April 1946, the Allies succeeded in occupying the city of Medan. Central struggle of the people of Medan and then transferred to Pemantangsiantar.

To continue the struggle in Medan, Indonesia's local government established the People's Army Commando Regiment of Medan Area. Commander initerus conducted to attacks against Allies in Medan territory. Almost the entire of Sumatra territory occurred in people's resistance against the Japanese, the Allies, and the Netherlands. The Sumatra battle front was occurred in Padang, Bukittinggi, and Aceh.